Sunday, July 14, 2024

What Was The Geography Of The New England Colonies

Don't Miss

How Did John Winthrop Establish His Government

13 Colonies: Comparing Regions New England, Middle, and Southern

After that he joined the Massachusetts Bay Company that were planning to put a colony in New England. He pledged to sell his English estate to pay for his family to go to Massachusetts if needed. Eventually He and his family sailed west to Massachusetts on the Arabella in 1630, where there he was elected governor. John Winthrop died on April 5th, 1649 at the age of 61 in Boston

New England Climate & Geography:

TheNew England colonies had a humid continental climate. Humidcontinental climates have four seasons: winter, spring, summer andfall and exhibit large seasonal temperature contrasts with hotsummers and cold winters.

Precipitationwas ample throughout the year, with rain in the spring and summer andabout one to four months of snow in the winter.

One advantage of the cold weather in New England was that it limited the spread of certain diseases, such as malaria, which were a considerable problem in the southern colonies. One disadvantage of the cold weather was that it shortened the growing season to about five months.

The geography of the New England colonies was shaped by glaciers during the last ice age. The glaciers dug up and scraped away the rich soil in New England, leaving behind a thin layer of rocky soil that was too poor to sustain many crops. The many hills, mountains and thick forests in New England also made it difficult to farm the land.

Plymouth Council For New England

The name “New England” was officially sanctioned on November 3, 1620, when the charter of the Virginia Company of Plymouth was replaced by a royal charter for the Plymouth Council for New England, a joint stock company established to colonize and govern the region.

The “first landing” of the Pilgrims, English religious separatists, was in Provincetown, Massachusetts, on November 21, 1620, and their signing of the Mayflower Compact took place there. Shortly afterward, in December 1620, a permanent settlement was established at present-day Plymouth. The Massachusetts Bay Colony, which would come to dominate the area, was established in 1628, with its major city of Boston established in 1630.

Banished from Massachusetts, Roger Williams led a group south and founded Providence, Rhode Island, in 1636. On March 3 of the same year, the Connecticut Colony was granted a charter and established its own government. At this time, Vermont was unsettled, and the territories of New Hampshire and Maine were governed by Massachusetts.

You May Like: What Jobs Require Biology Degree

Social Activities And Music

Acadian and Québécois culture are included in music and dance in much of rural New England, particularly Maine. Contra dancing and country square dancing are popular throughout New England, usually backed by live Irish, Acadian or other folk music. Fife and drum corps are common, especially in southern New England and more specifically Connecticut, with music of mostly Celtic, English, and local origin.

New England leads the U.S. in ice cream consumption per capita.

Candlepin bowling is essentially confined to New England, where it was invented in the 19th century.

Talking To Ghosts: How Two Sisters’ Hoax Sparked A Spiritualism Craze

Geography And Climate

As the Massachusetts settlements expanded, they formed new colonies in New England. Puritans who thought that Massachusetts was not pious enough formed the colonies of Connecticut and New Haven . Meanwhile, Puritans who thought that Massachusetts was too restrictive formed the colony of Rhode Island, where everyoneincluding Jewish peopleenjoyed complete liberty in religious concernments. To the north of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, a handful of adventurous settlers formed the colony of New Hampshire.

READ MORE: What’s the Difference Between Puritans and Pilgrims?

Read Also: What Is Angle In Math

Essay On Early Middle Ages

There was lack of cultural and literary abilities, especially in Western Europe. Migration to England increased during the Early Middle Ages. The Europeans came in large groups to England. There were agricultural labourers such as skilled cloth weavers, and merchants involved in international trade. They were seen as abusing their special privileges and enjoying unfair economic advantages over their English-born neighbours and co-workers.

New England Colonies In 1677

Map of Massachusetts area in 1677


Media Credits

The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited.


May 20, 2022

User Permissions

For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact for more information and to obtain a license. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. She or he will best know the preferred format. When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource.


If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media.


Read Also: What Does Algorithm Mean In Math

The New England Colonies

Although lacking a charter, the founders of Plymouth in Massachusetts were, like their counterparts in Virginia, dependent upon private investments from profit-minded backers to finance their colony. The nucleus of that settlement was drawn from an enclave of English émigrés in Leiden, Holland . These religious believed that the true church was a voluntary company of the faithful under the guidance of a pastor and tended to be exceedingly individualistic in matters of church doctrine. Unlike the settlers of Massachusetts Bay, these Pilgrims chose to separate from the Church of England rather than to reform it from within.

In 1620, the first year of settlement, nearly half the Pilgrim settlers died of disease. From that time forward, however, and despite decreasing support from English investors, the health and the economic position of the colonists improved. The Pilgrims soon secured peace treaties with most of the Indians around them, enabling them to devote their time to building a strong, stable economic base rather than diverting their efforts toward costly and time-consuming problems of defending the colony from attack. Although none of their principal economic pursuitsfarming, fishing, and tradingpromised them lavish wealth, the Pilgrims in America were, after only five years, self-sufficient.

New England In The New Nation

New England Colonies – Kid Friendly Educational Social Studies Video for Elementary Students

After the dissolution of the Dominion of New England, the colonies of New England ceased to function as a unified political unit but remained a defined cultural region. There were often disputes over territorial jurisdiction, leading to land exchanges such as those regarding the Equivalent Lands and New Hampshire Grants.

By 1784, all of the states in the region had taken steps towards the abolition of slavery, with Vermont and Massachusetts introducing total abolition in 1777 and 1783, respectively. The nickname “Yankeeland” was sometimes used to denote the New England area, especially among Southerners and the British.

Vermont was admitted to statehood in 1791 after settling a dispute with New York. The territory of Maine had been a part of Massachusetts, but it was granted statehood on March 15, 1820, as part of the Missouri Compromise. Today, New England is defined as the six states of Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.

Politically, the region often disagreed with the rest of the country. Massachusetts and Connecticut were among the last refuges of the Federalist Party, and New England became the strongest bastion of the new Whig Party when the Second Party System began in the 1830s. The Whigs were usually dominant throughout New England, except in the more Democratic Maine and New Hampshire. Leading statesmen hailed from the region, including Daniel Webster.

You May Like: Is Psychology Part Of Stem

Why Did Britain Establish Colonies In America Essay

Because of Columbus sailing to the Carribeans, a New World was discovered with unclaimed land. The British saw this unique opportunity presented in front of them and started to send their citizens. Most of the citizens were undesirables because Britain was having a problem with overpopulation. With Britain becoming a dominant presence in America, other nations started to see the lucrative possibilities and started to send their citizens there as well. However Great Britain was able to reign supreme simply because they were able to get there

The Carolinas And Georgia

The English crown had issued grants to the Carolina territory as early as 1629, but it was not until 1663 that a group of eight proprietorsmost of them men of extraordinary wealth and power even by English standardsactually began colonizing the area. The proprietors hoped to grow silk in the warm climate of the Carolinas, but all efforts to produce that valuable commodity failed. Moreover, it proved difficult to attract settlers to the Carolinas it was not until 1718, after a series of violent Indian wars had subsided, that the population began to increase substantially. The pattern of settlement, once begun, followed two paths. North Carolina, which was largely cut off from the European and Caribbean trade by its unpromising coastline, developed into a colony of small to medium farms. South Carolina, with close ties to both the Caribbean and Europe, produced rice and, after 1742, indigo for a world market. The early settlers in both areas came primarily from the West Indian colonies. This pattern of migration was not, however, as distinctive in North Carolina, where many of the residents were part of the spillover from the natural expansion of Virginians southward.

Don’t Miss: What Is Nu In Chemistry

Compare And Contrast New England And Chesapeake Colonies

New England did not “have all of it ‘s investments tied up on one place” very like the Chesapeake. The economy depended on angling, shipbuilding, and cultivating. The cultivating in New England was done on a substantially littler scale, notwithstanding. Since the religion was so family-situated, ranches were generally sufficiently substantial to nourish one ‘s family, with a little overflow. It was no where close to the span of the huge estates in the Chesapeake.

The New England Colonies Had A Lot Of Timber

New England Colonies Map Printable

The New England Colonies were founded in the 1600s by people who wanted to escape religious persecution in Europe. These colonies, which include Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Connecticut, were located in the Northeast region of the United States. The climate in this region is cool and the winters are long and snowy.

The colonists who settled in this region were able to adapt to the climate and use the natural resources to their advantage. For example, because there was a lot of timber in the area, the colonists were able to build homes, furniture, and ships. The timber was also used for fuel to heat homes and cook food. The colonists also fished for cod and built ships that could be used for trade.

The geography of the New England Colonies had a big impact on the economy. The colonists were able to use the natural resources to their advantage and build a thriving economy.

You May Like: Math Magic Tricks With Algebra

Economy Of The New England Colonies:

Since the soil in New England was poor and the growing season was too short to grow many crops, besides corn, beans and squash, the New England colonies had to rely on other ways to make money, primarily through fishing, whaling, shipbuilding and rum making.

Fish was the primary export of the NewEngland colonies by the 18th century, according to anarticle by Christopher P. Magra in the Enterprise and Societyjournal:

Between 1768 and 1772, fish represented 35% of New Englands total export revenue. The second most valuable export commodity, livestock, represented only 20% of this revenue stream. By 1775, an estimated 10,000 New Englanders, or 8% of the adult male working population, labored in the fishing industry.

Thefish that New England colonists caught and traded included cod,mackeral, halibut, herring, hake, sturgeon and bass.

Shipbuilding was also an importantindustry in the New England colonies as a result of the abundance oftall, straight oak trees and white pine, which were ideal trees forshipbuilding. To take advantage of this natural resource, thecolonists built many sawmills to process these trees into lumber forthe shipbuilding process.

According to the book EncyclopediaAmericana, between the years 1674 and 1714, a total of 1,332 vesselswere built in New England shipyards

The New England colonies were alsoinvolved in the Triangle Trade, which was the slave and rum trade.The Triangle Trade involved three ports where goods were shipped andsold.

Pros And Cons Of Grownups

Since the goods bought were grown in our local farms, it contributes to the countrys economy. Also, the shipping fee would be cheaper and the distance travelled would be shorter which means less pollution from deliveries. Along with having our food grown in our country, most meals were also cooked at home. This habit is better for our health as fast food is negative for

Don’t Miss: How Do Crumple Zones Work Physics

French And Indian Wars

Relationships between colonists and local Indian tribes alternated between peace and armed skirmishes, the bloodiest of which was the Pequot War in 1637 which resulted in the Mystic massacre. On May 19, 1643, the colonies of Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, New Haven, and Connecticut joined in a loose compact called the New England Confederation . The confederation was designed largely to coordinate mutual defense, and it gained some importance during King Philip’s War which pitted the colonists and their Indian allies against a widespread Indian uprising from June 1675 through April 1678, resulting in killings and massacres on both sides.

During the next 74 years, there were six colonial wars that took place primarily between New England and New France, during which New England was allied with the Iroquois Confederacy and New France was allied with the Wabanaki Confederacy. Mainland Nova Scotia came under the control of New England after the Siege of Port Royal , but both New Brunswick and most of Maine remained contested territory between New England and New France. The British eventually defeated the French in 1763, opening the Connecticut River Valley for British settlement into western New Hampshire and Vermont.

What Were The Similarities And Differences Between The New England Middle And Southern Colonies

Society and religion in the New England colonies | AP US History | Khan Academy

The New England colony was based more in manufacturing while the southern colony was about agriculture as far as their economy. One big difference is that New England colony didnt believe in slavery like the southern colonies believed. They did much of the labor work for the southern colonies cash crops.

What were the effects of the first Great Awakening?

Effects of the Great Awakening The Great Awakening notably altered the religious climate in the American colonies. Ordinary people were encouraged to make a personal connection with God, instead of relying on a minister. Newer denominations, such as Methodists and Baptists, grew quickly.

Why was Thomas Paines Common Sense so influential in the colonies?

The 47-page pamphlet took colonial America by storm in 1776 and made critical arguments for declaring independence from England. Common Sense, published in 1776, inspired American colonists to declare independence from England.

Don’t Miss: Algebra 2 Pre Assessment Test

Regional And Economic Growth In The 1800’s

With the invention of the cotton gin and other inventions like it, it caused the demand for slaves to go up and to man these machines. The crops they grew in the South were tobacco, rice, sugar cane, and indigo. These were mostly the “big money” crops sold. Near some of the bays in the South, they gathered fish, oysters, and crabs. They also grew cotton as it was a promising crop, but it was difficult for them to get out the unnecessary parts.

Government In The New England Colonies

The government in the New England Colonies was established by the charter. The charter usually allowed for a Governor, Governors Council, a General Assembly, and a court system all based on English laws.

At the local level, the government in each settlement was usually based on the Puritan religion. Men who attended church were considered citizens and were eligible to serve in the government. Rhode Island was the exception because it did not allow church officials to enforce public laws.

Settlements in New England were governed by Town Meetings. Meetings would be held, committees would be formed, and decisions would be made based on the popular vote. Town Meetings were particularly effective in Massachusetts and helped organize resistance to British policies during the American Revolution. As war became inevitable, the Town Meetings helped create the Committees of Correspondence, Provincial Governments, and the system of express riders that included men like Paul Revere.

Don’t Miss: What Is Tfr In Human Geography

Compare And Contrast Virginia And Massachusetts Colonies

The tobacco was sold for 5 to 10 times more in the 1620s, which was a major advantage for the sellers. The Massachusetts economy depended on shipbuilding, fishing and trading. This made it very stable. Chesapeakes population has split 74% men and 10% women. Its suffered from stable foundations of little Commonwealth and so expanding the social volatility stated in the Alan Taylor book.

What Was Massachusetts Geography


GEOGRAPHY AND LANDFORMS The center of the state has streams and plains with gentle hills. Toward the west the land rises into mountains. It includes a popular spot for fall-leaf watching called the Berkshires as well as Massachusetts highest point Mount Greylock. In the far west are the Taconic Mountains.

Read Also: What Does Nee Mean In Geography

More articles

Popular Articles