Why Does P Mean Log
$\mathrm = -\log$ while $\mathrm = -\log$
Why does $\mathrm p$ represent $-\log$ of something? Is it due to some historical reason or due to some scientific reason?
- 1$\begingroup$@TanMath Today, the symbol $\mathrm p$ is interpreted as an operator . If you are interested in the etymology of this use, you might get better answers on hsm.stackexchange.com.$\endgroup$ user7951Sep 25, 2015 at 19:48
- 1$\begingroup$@TanMath You can find this definition in the international standard ISO 80000-9 Quantities and units Part 9: Physical chemistry and molecular physics as well as in the IUPAC Green Book.$\endgroup$ user7951Sep 25, 2015 at 19:57
- 1$\begingroup$@TanMath The Green Book is available online: iupac.org/fileadmin/user_upload/publications/e-resources/$\endgroup$ user7951
According to the international standard ISO 80000 Quantities and units Part 9: Physical chemistry and molecular physics, the symbol $\mathrm p$ is interpreted as an operator $$. It is used in particular in the definition of the quantity $\mathrm$:
where $a_}$ is the activity of $\ce$ in solution and $\gamma_}$ is the activity coefficient of $\ce$ on the molality basis at molality $m_}$. The standard molality $m^\circ$ is chosen to be equal to $1\ \mathrm}$.
The definition of $\mathrm p$ given by ISO is actually quoted from IUPAC Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry .
Unified Absolute Ph Scale
In 2010, a new “unified absolute pH scale” has been proposed that would allow various pH ranges across different solutions to use a common proton reference standard. It has been developed on the basis of the absolute chemical potential of the proton. This model uses the Lewis acidbase definition. This scale applies to liquids, gases and even solids.
What The Orbital Shape Means
The electron configuration of an atom denotes the distribution of electrons among available shells. At any point in time, an electron can be anywhere, but it’s probably contained somewhere in the volume described by the orbital shape. Electrons can only move between orbitals by absorbing or emitting a packet or quantum of energy.
The standard notation lists the subshell symbols, one after another. The number of electrons contained in each subshell is stated explicitly. For example, the electron configuration of beryllium, with an atomic number of 4, is 1s22s2 or 2s2. The superscript is the number of electrons in the level. For beryllium, there are two electrons in the 1s orbital and 2 electrons in the 2s orbital.
The number in front of the energy level indicates relative energy. For example, 1s is lower energy than 2s, which in turn is lower energy than 2p. The number in front of the energy level also indicates its distance from the nucleus. The 1s is closer to the atomic nucleus than 2s.
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What Is The Meaning Of Pl Abbreviation In Chemistry
What is PL definition ?
What does PL mean in Chemistry?
PL mean that “Photo Luminscence” for Chemistry.
What is PL acronym ?
What is shorthand of Photo Luminscence ?
The shorthand of “Photo Luminscence” is PL.
What is the definition of PL acronym in Chemistry?
Definitions of PL shorthand is “Photo Luminscence”.
What is the full form of PL abbreviation?
Full form of PL abbreviation is “Plus”.
What is the full meaning of PL in Chemistry?
Full meaning of PL is “Photo Luminscence”.
What is the explanation for PL in Chemistry?
Explanation for PL is “Plus”.
What is the meaning of PL Abbreviation in Astrology ?
The site does not only include the meanings of the PL abbreviation in Chemistry. Yes, we know your main purpose is explanation of PL abbreviation in Chemistry. However, we thought that besides the meaning of the PL definitions in Chemistry, you can consider astrological information of PL acronym in Astrology. Therefore, the astrological explanation of each word in each PL abbreviation is also included.
PL Abbreviation in Astrology
Ph Definition And Origin
pH is the negative log of hydrogen ion concentration in a water-based solution. The term “pH” was first described by Danish biochemist Søren Peter Lauritz Sørensen in 1909. pH is an abbreviation for “power of hydrogen” where “p” is short for the German word for power, potenz and H is the element symbol for hydrogen. The H is capitalized because it is standard to capitalize element symbols. The abbreviation also works in French, with pouvoir hydrogen translating as “the power of hydrogen”.
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What Do The Letters S P D And F In The Orbital Names Stand For
- You might expect that the ‘s’ stands for ‘spherical’ and ‘p’ stands for ‘polar’because these imply the shapes of the s and p orbitals, butunfortunately, the letter designations have nothing to do with the orbitalshapes.
Spectroscopists associated transitions involving energy levels withdifferent values with different groups of lines in the line spectra of the alkali metals. The line groups werecalled sharp, principal, diffuse, and fundamental.When the angular momentum quantum number was used to describe and explain these groupsof lines, s became an abbreviation for = 0, p meant = 1,d meant = 2, and f meant = 3.For consistency, higher values of the angular momentum quantum numbers aredesignated alphabetically (g means = 4, h means
Extension Of The Symbol
In addition to the letters for the element itself, additional details may be added to the symbol as superscripts or subscripts a particular isotope, ionization, or oxidation state, or other atomic detail. A few isotopes have their own specific symbols rather than just an isotopic detail added to their element symbol.
Attached subscripts or superscripts specifying a nuclide or molecule have the following meanings and positions:
Many functional groups also have their own chemical symbol, e.g. Ph for the phenyl group, and Me for the methyl group.
A list of current, dated, as well as proposed and historical signs and symbols is included here with its signification. Also given is each element’s atomic number, atomic weight, or the atomic mass of the most stable isotope, group and period numbers on the periodic table, and etymology of the symbol.
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What Is P Full Form
The full form of P is Page. What are the full forms of P in Academic & Science? Page | Phosphorus | Pressure | Pico | Peta | Momentum | Power Set | Poise. What are the full forms of P in Worldwide? Page | Phosphorus | Park | Pressure | Pico | Peta | Paragraph | Progressive scan | Momentum | Power Set | Poise | Proline.
Acid Solutions And Basic Solutions
Now that we have established a reference point for the basicity and acidity of solutions, we can discuss how acids and bases are defined. Acidic solutions are those solutions that have a greater H+ concentration than pure water, while basic solutions are those that have an H+ concentration lower than that of pure water. To put that another way:
Base = H+ concentration < 1 x 10^-7 M
Acid = H+ concentration > 1 x 10^-7 M
The concentration of hydrogen ions within a solution is usually given in pH terms, which is calculated as the inverse log of the hydrogen ion concentration for that given solution.
pH = -log10
So putting the hydrogen ion concentration of water into this formula would get you a value of 7.0, or the neutral pH on the pH scale. As you might be able to guess, substances made out of mainly water such as the cytosol found in cells or the blood in the human body, have pH values very near the neutral seven. Acids and bases can be added to a water-based solution, shifting the concentration of that solution away from the neutral pH point. Bases usually raise the pH level through the introduction of hydroxide into the environment, which collects the hydrogen ions and pulls them out of the solution. Meanwhile, acidic substances are those that increase hydrogen ion concentration by dissociating and introducing one of its hydrogen atoms into the solution.
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What Does Pl Stand For Chemistry
We compiled queries of the PL abbreviation in Chemistry in search engines. The most frequently asked PL acronym questions for Chemistry were selected and included on the site.
We thought you asked a similar PL question to the search engine to find the meaning of the PL full form in Chemistry, and we are sure that the following Chemistry PL query list will catch your attention.
Crust And Organic Sources
Phosphorus has a concentration in the Earth’s crust of about one gram per kilogram . It is not found free in nature, but is widely distributed in many minerals, usually as phosphates. Inorganic phosphate rock, which is partially made of apatite ), is today the chief commercial source of this element. According to the US Geological Survey , about 50 percent of the global phosphorus reserves are in the Arab nations. 85% of Earth’s known reserves are in Morocco with smaller deposits in China, Russia,Florida, Idaho, Tennessee, Utah, and elsewhere.Albright and Wilson in the UK and their Niagara Falls plant, for instance, were using phosphate rock in the 1890s and 1900s from Tennessee, Florida, and the Îles du Connétable by 1950, they were using phosphate rock mainly from Tennessee and North Africa.
Organic sources, namely urine, bone ash and guano, were historically of importance but had only limited commercial success. As urine contains phosphorus, it has fertilising qualities which are still harnessed today in some countries, including Sweden, using methods for reuse of excreta. To this end, urine can be used as a fertiliser in its pure form or part of being mixed with water in the form of sewage or sewage sludge.
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Symbols For Named Isotopes
The following is a list of isotopes of elements given in the previous tables which have been designated unique symbols. By this it is meant that a comprehensive list of current systematic symbols is not included in the list and can instead be found in the Isotope index chart. The symbols for the named isotopes of hydrogen, deuterium , and tritium are still in use today, as is thoron for radon-220 . Heavy water and other deuterated solvents are commonly used in chemistry, and it is convenient to use a single character rather than a symbol with a subscript in these cases. The practice also continues with tritium compounds. When the name of the solvent is given, a lowercase d is sometimes used. For example, d6-benzene and C6D6 can be used instead of C6.
The symbols for isotopes of elements other than hydrogen and radon are no longer in use within the scientific community. Many of these symbols were designated during the early years of radiochemistry, and several isotopes bear placeholder names using the early naming system devised by Ernest Rutherford.
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Chemistry Abbreviations Starting With The Letter P
- Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, University of Tennessee at Knoxville
- B.A., Physics and Mathematics, Hastings College
Chemistry abbreviations and acronyms are common in all fields of science. This collection offers common abbreviations and acronyms beginning with the letter P used in chemistry and chemical engineering.
- P – Peta
- pH – measurement of H+ ions in aqueous solution
- PH – Phenol functional group
- pK – Measurement of the dissociation constant
- PLA – Polymerized Lactic Acid
- PM3 – Parameterized Model number 3
- PM10 – Particulates smaller than 10 m.
- PM – Particulate Matter
- pOH – Measurement of OH- ions in aqueous solution
- POL – Petroleum, oils, and lubricants
- POP – Persistent organic pollutant
- PSI – Pounds per square inch
- PSV – Pressure safety valve
Strong Acids And Bases
Strong acids and bases are compounds that for practical purposes, are completely dissociated in water. Under normal circumstances this means that the concentration of hydrogen ions in acidic solution can be taken to be equal to the concentration of the acid. The pH is then equal to minus the logarithm of the concentration value. Hydrochloric acid is an example of a strong acid. The pH of a 0.01M solution of HCl is equal to log10, that is, pH = 2. Sodium hydroxide, NaOH, is an example of a strong base. The p value of a 0.01M solution of NaOH is equal to log10, that is, p = 2. From the definition of p in the pOH section above, this means that the pH is equal to about 12. For solutions of sodium hydroxide at higher concentrations the self-ionization equilibrium must be taken into account.
Self-ionization must also be considered when concentrations are extremely low. Consider, for example, a solution of hydrochloric acid at a concentration of 5×108M. The simple procedure given above would suggest that it has a pH of 7.3. This is clearly wrong as an acid solution should have a pH of less than 7. Treating the system as a mixture of hydrochloric acid and the amphoteric substance water, a pH of 6.89 results.
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What Is $k: S: P$
$K_s_p$ is known as the solubility constant or solubility product. Its the equilibrium constant used for equations when a solid substance is dissolving in a liquid/aqueous solution. As a reminder, a solute is considered soluble if more than 1 gram of it can be completely dissolved in 100 ml of water.
$K_s_p$ is used for solutes that are only slightly soluble and dont completely dissolve in solution. $K_s_p$ represents how much of the solute will dissolve in solution.
The value of $K_s_p$ varies depending on the solute. The more soluble a substance is, the higher its $K_s_p$ chemistry value. And what are the $K_s_p$ units? Actually, it doesnt have a unit! The $K_s_p$ value does not have any units because the molar concentrations of the reactants and products are different for each equation. This would mean the $K_s_p$ unit would be different for every problem and would be difficult to solve, so in order to make it simpler, chemists generally drop $K_s_p$ units altogether. How nice of them!
Commercial Production And Uses
The principal technique for converting phosphate rock to usable materials involves acidulation of the crushed rockwith either sulfuric or phosphoric acidsto form crude calciumhydrogen phosphates that, being water-soluble, are valuable additions to fertilizer. Most of the output is burned to phosphoric anhydride and subsequently treated with water to form phosphoric acid, H3PO4. About 95 percent of the phosphate rock mined in the United States is used to make fertilizer or food supplements for animals. Concerns have arisen about phosphorus use, however. Most of the phosphorus is wasted on its journey from mining to being eaten by humans, and the wasted phosphorus ends up in waterways where it can cause algal blooms. Another concern is that increased phosphorus usage will deplete the nonrenewable supply of phosphate rock.
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The Basis For The Ph Scale
Even if youre not intimately familiar with the concepts of acids and bases, you certainly have some exposure to them. Basic substances are things like baking soda, while acidic substances are things like orange juice and soda. Substances are classified as a base or an acid-based upon the concentration of hydrogen ions that the substance has. The H in pH represents the level of hydrogen ion activity in a given solution. So its possible to define acidic and basic solutions this way:
An acidic solution is a solution with levels of hydrogen ions greater than the amount found in pure water . A basic solution, in contrast, has a hydrogen ion concentration lower than that of water.
In terms of the number of hydrogen ions produced through autoionization, the amount is equal to 1 x 10^-7 M . The notation refers to moles per liter of water. The number of ionized water molecules is an incredibly small percentage of the total number of water molecules found in any amount of pure water.
How Ph Is Used In Chemical Formulas
Using the example of water, a few of the water molecules break apart, or disassociate. Some of the molecules give up an atom of hydrogen, becoming hydroxyl ions. These are expressed in a chemical equation as OH-. These hydroxyl ions join with water molecules to make hydronium ions, expressed as H3O+. Hydronium ions simply are called hydrogen. If the water is pure, the amount of hydrogen and hydroxyl ions are equal. This solution is neither acidic nor alkaline therefore, it is neutral and carries a pH number of 7. Acidic substances give up hydrogen ions and alkaline substances take on hydrogen ions.
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Solubility Product Constant Table
Below is a chart showing the $K_s_p$ values for many common substances. The $K_s_p$ values are for when the substances are around 25 degrees Celsius, which is standard. Because the $K_s_p$ values are so small, there may be minor differences in their values depending on which source you use. The data in this chart comes from the University of Rhode Islands Department of Chemistry.