Why Discuss What Behaviour Means
Practically speaking, one rarely finds oneself uncertain of whether to refer to a particular phenomenon as `behaviour.’ The biology may not be in dispute, whatever the epistemology may imply. There has been no popular outcry for a more sophisticated definition. Why then do we bother to point out the lack of an operational consensus? A comparison with the great debate on the meaning of the word `species’ may be useful. Systematists widely discuss their disagreement as to what a species is , while behavioural biologists mostly act as though we all agree on what constitutes behaviour. A systematist regularly needs to decide where species boundaries lie. Similar boundary arguments have pervaded ecology, another relatively new discipline. When do behavioural biologists have occasion to discuss where behaviour is conceptually bounded?
Operational, in that it identifies specific characteristics that allow one to decide that particular items or phenomena do or do not qualify under that definition . A definition that gives the sense of a word but does not give the key discriminating characteristics is of limited value. For example, the definition what animals do operationally suggests that development, respiration, thinking and death are all behaviours, while only clearly establishing that non-animals cannot behave.
the degree to which individual scientists agree with themselves, with each other and with published definitions as to what constitutes behaviour,
What Do Biologists Do
Biologists can work in many different fields, including research, healthcare, environmental conservation and art, according to the American Institute of Biological Sciences. Here are a few examples:
- Learn more about the basics of biology at Khan Academy.
- Curious about just how wide-reaching biology is? The University of North Carolina at Pembroke has listed a number of biology subdisciplines on their website.
- Interested in a career in biology? Check out some options at the American Institute of Biological Sciences website.
Animal Form And Function
The cells in each animal body are bathed in interstitial fluid, which make up the cell’s environment. This fluid and all its characteristics can be described as the animal’s internal environment, which is in contrast to the external environment that encompasses the animal’s outside world. Animals can be classified as either regulators or conformers. Animals such as mammals and birds are regulators as they are able to maintain a constant internal environment such as body temperature despite their environments changing. These animals are also described as homeotherms as they exhibit thermoregulation by keeping their internal body temperature constant. In contrast, animals such as fishes and frogs are conformers as they adapt their internal environment to match their external environments. These animals are also described as poikilotherms or ectotherms as they allow their body temperatures to match their external environments. In terms of energy, regulation is more costly than conformity as an animal expands more energy to maintain a constant internal environment such as increasing its basal metabolic rate, which is the rate of energy consumption. Similarly, homeothermy is more costly than poikilothermy. Homeostasis is the stability of an animal’s internal environment, which is maintained by negative feedback loops.
Water and salt balance
Nutrition and digestion
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Why Is Biology Important
As a field of science, biology helps us understand the living world and the ways its many species function, evolve, and interact. Advances in medicine, agriculture, biotechnology, and many other areas of biology have brought improvements in the quality of life. Fields such as genetics and evolution give insight into the past and can help shape the future, and research in ecology and conservation inform how we can protect this planets precious biodiversity.
Interview With Carol Cleland
|“I am interested in formulating a strategy for searching for extraterrestrial life that allows one to push the boundaries of our Earth-centric concepts of life.” -Carol ClelandImage Credit: University of Colorado|
Q: What is your opinion of attempts to define of “life?”Origins of Life and Evolution of the BiosphereQ: In the category of what is “alive,” would you exclude what you call the “borderline” cases – viruses, self-replicating proteins, or even non-traditional objects that have some information content, reproduce, consume, and die ? Q: What is your favored theory for how life could have arisen on Earth -clay crystals, RNA world, membranes, or some other option?
|Freeman Dyson, founder of the “double origin theory.”Image Credit: Trustees of Dartmouth College|
Q: Do you think there could have been multiple origins of life, or that life could have come to Earth from somewhere else?Q: As one of the great mysteries and challenges in science, do you think we can determine the origin of life through experimentation?What’s Next?
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Examples Of Biological In A Sentence
biologicalbiological The Salt Lake Tribunebiological PEOPLE.combiological Milwaukee Journal Sentinelbiological Detroit Free Pressbiological oregonlivebiological The Indianapolis Starbiological Star Tribunebiological al
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word ‘biological.’ Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
Elizabeth Martin And Robert Hine
Fully revised and updated, the sixth edition of this dictionary provides comprehensive coverage of biology, biophysics, and biochemistry, as well as key terms from medicine and palaeontology. It includes biographies of key scientists, and feature articles on important topics, such as bioinformatics, genetically modified organisms, microarray technology, and RNA interference. The dictionarys chronologies chart developments in major fields including cell biology, genetics, microscopy, and vitamins. A new feature is the inclusion of entry-level web links.
With over 5,500 clear and concise entries, over 400 of them new to this edition, this market-leading dictionary is the perfect guide for anyone studying biology, either at school or university.
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What Does Organism Mean
An organism is an individual form of life that is capable of growing and reproducing, and have one or more cells. Animals, plants and bacterium are all organisms. All of these cells come from pre-existing cells, and multi-cellular organisms have specific cells for different functions. Inside the body, organelles or organs work together to sustain life. Organisms can also respond to stimuli, grow and maintain homeostasis.
What Is The Definition Of Grana In Biology
. Also know, what is a Granum in biology?
Definition. noun, plural: grana. The collective term for the stack of thylakoids within the chloroplast of plant cells. Supplement. The granum contains the light harvesting system composed of chlorophyll and phospholipids.
Secondly, what is Grana function? Grana are stacks of structures called thylakoids, which are little disks of membrane on which the light-dependent reactions of take place. Stacked into grana, the shape of the thylakoids allow for optimum surface area, maximizing the amount of that can happen.
Also question is, what is the definition of stroma in biology?
Stroma, in botany, refers to the colorless fluid surrounding the grana within the chloroplast. Within the stroma are grana, stacks of thylakoid, the sub-organelles, the daughter cells, where is commenced before the chemical changes are completed in the stroma. occurs in two stages.
What is the definition of Thylakoid in biology?
thylakoid. noun. A saclike membrane in the chloroplasts of plant cells that is often arranged in stacks called grana and that is the site of the light reactions of photosynthesis.
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Why Science Is Called Science
In English, science came from Old French, meaning knowledge, learning, application, and a corpus of human knowledge. It originally came from the Latin word scientia which meant knowledge, a knowing, expertness, or experience. By the late 14th century, science meant, in English, collective knowledge.
What Is The Definition Of Magnification In Biology
. Also know, what is meant by magnification of a microscope?
Magnification in physical terms is defined as “a measure of the ability of a lens or other optical instruments to magnify, expressed as the ratio of the size of the image to that of the object”. This means, that an object of any size is magnified to form an enlarged image.
what is the magnification formula? The magnification equation states that M = Hi/Ho = – Di/Do, where M is the magnification, Hi is the height of the image, Ho is the height of the object, Di is the distance from the lens to the image and Do is the distance of the object to the lens.
what is the magnification called?
Optical magnification is the ratio between the apparent size of an object and its true size, and thus it is a dimensionless number. Optical magnification is sometimes referred to as “power” , although this can lead to confusion with optical power.
What is total magnification?
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Origin Of The Term Biology
Before the term biology was adapted, other terms existed which described the study of plants and animals. For instance, the term Natural History was used to explain animals, plants, fungi and other lifeforms in their natural environment.
Furthermore, it was observational rather than an experimental field of study. Hence, a person who would study natural history is termed as a natural historian or a naturalist. Other terms that came before biology included theology and physics.
The term Biology, in the modern sense, was introduced through the works of Michael Christoph Hanow in 1766. However, it was introduced independently four more times through the works of Thomas Beddoes , Karl Friedrich Burdach , Gottfried Reinhold Treviranus , and Jean-Baptiste Lamarck .
Origins As A Field Of Study
For the very first humans, knowledge about plants and animals meant the difference between life or death. As a result, cumulative knowledge about species, behavior, and anatomy was passed down for many generations.
However, the foremost significant development in biological knowledge came when humans transitioned from hunters and foragers to farmers, cultivating crops and perfecting agriculture.
Traditions of drugs, collective knowledge from physicians, works of prominent historical figures like Aristotle eventually coalesced into the sector of study we all know today as biology.
The most significant revolutions in biology came during the 19th century, with a host of discoveries and technological innovations.
Q1. Who is Known as the Father of Biology?
Ans. Philosopher Aristotle.
Q2. Who is Called the Mother of Biology?
Ans. Maria Sibylla Merian.
Q3. Who First Discovered Biology?
Ans. Thomas Beddoes.
Q4. Name Some of the Important Topics of Biology.
Ans – Some of the important topics of Biology are:
Membranes and Transport
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What Is The Definition Of Kingdom In Biology
A “kingdom” in biology is a classification of living things. Organisms belong to one of six kingdoms of life. The current kingdoms are the Archaebacteria, Eubacteria, protists, fungi, plants and animals.
At one time, only five kingdoms existed, with the Archaebacteria and Eubacteria being placed in one kingdom: Monera. This single kingdom exhibited so much diversity that it has since warranted division into two kingdoms.
The Archaebacteria are bacteria that live in inhospitable regions of the world, such as hot thermal vents. The Eubacteria consists of the other types of bacteria, many of which have contact with humans. The protists are single-celled organisms that can usually move on their own. The fungi consist of organisms that are single celled, have cell walls and obtain their food through absorption of nutrients. Plants are multicellular organisms that can make their own food through the process of photosynthesis. Animals are multicellular organisms that must obtain their nutrients from consuming other organisms.
Which Is The Best Definition Of The Word Biology
The word biology is derived from the greek words /bios/ meaning /life/ and /logos/ meaning /study/ and is defined as the science of life and living organisms. An organism is a living entity consisting of one cell e.g. bacteria, or several cells e.g. animals, plants and fungi. Aspects of biological science range from
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The Basic Principles Of Modern Biology
Four principles unify modern biology, according to the book “Managing Science” :
What Are The Universal Spiritual Laws
This set of laws consist of: The Law of Attraction, The Law of Request, The Law of Resistance, The Law of Reflection, The Law of Projection, The Law of Attachment. The second set of Universal Spiritual Laws are ‘The Laws of Creation’. … The third set of Spiritual Laws are called the ‘Laws of Higher Awareness’.
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Allows Transport Of Substances
Various nutrients are imported by the cells to carry out various chemical processes going on inside the cells. The waste produced by the chemical processes is eliminated from the cells by active and passive transport. Small molecules such as oxygen, carbon dioxide, and ethanol diffuse across the cell membrane along the concentration gradient. This is known as passive transport. The larger molecules diffuse across the cell membrane through active transport where the cells require a lot of energy to transport the substances.
Plant Form And Function
The plant body is made up of organs that can be organized into two major organ systems: a root system and a shoot system. The root system anchors the plants into place. The roots themselves absorb water and minerals and store photosynthetic products. The shoot system is composed of stem, leaves, and flowers. The stems hold and orient the leaves to the sun, which allow the leaves to conduct photosynthesis. The flowers are shoots that have been modified for reproduction. Shoots are composed of phytomers, which are functional units that consist of a node carrying one or more leaves, internode, and one or more buds.
Plant nutrition and transport
Plant development is regulated by environmental cues and the plant’s own receptors, hormones, and genome. Morever, they have several characteristics that allow them to obtain resources for growth and reproduction such as meristems, post-embryonic organ formation, and differential growth.
In addition to light, plants can respond to other types of stimuli. For instance, plants can sense the direction of gravity to orient themselves correctly. They can respond to mechanical stimulation.
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The Many Branches Of Biology
Although there are only four unifying principles, biology covers a broad range of topics that are broken into many disciplines and subdisciplines.
On a high level, the different fields of biology can each be thought of as the study of one type of organism, according to “Blackie’s Dictionary of Biology” . For example, zoology is the study of animals, botany is the study of plants and microbiology is the study of microorganisms.
Within those broader fields, many biologists specialize in researching a specific topic or problem. For example, a scientist may study behavior of a certain fish species, while another scientist may research the neurological and chemical mechanisms behind the behavior.
Provides Support And Structure
All the organisms are made up of cells. They form the structural basis of all the organisms. The cell wall and the cell membrane are the main components that function to provide support and structure to the organism. For eg., the skin is made up of a large number of cells. Xylem present in the vascular plants is made of cells that provide structural support to the plants.
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A Biologist Explains: What Is Life
Is Mimivirus alive?
CC BY 4.0
Although biology is the study of life, even biologists don’t agree on what ‘life’ actually is. While scientists have proposed hundreds of ways to define it, none have been widely accepted. And for the general public, a dictionary won’t help because definitions will use terms like organisms or animals and plants — synonyms or examples of life — which sends you round in circles.
Instead of defining the word, textbooks will describe life with a list of half a dozen features based on what it has or what it does. For what life has, one feature is the cell, a compartment to contain biochemical processes. Cells are often listed because of the influential cell theory developed in 1837-1838, which states that all living things are composed of cells, and the cell is the basic unit of life. From single-celled bacteria to the trillions of cells that make up a human body, it does seem as though all life has compartments.
A list of features will also mention what life does — processes like growth, reproduction, ability to adapt and metabolism . Such views are echoed by experts such as biochemist Daniel Koshland, who listed his seven pillars of life as program, improvization, compartmentalization, energy, regeneration, adaptability and seclusion.
Is a Mule alive?
Capri23auto on Pixabay
It’s life, but not as we know it
Is Data from ‘Star Trek: The Next Generation’ alive?
Life is an entity with the ability to adapt to its environment.