The Major Branches Of Psychology
How do psychologists think about and study the human mind and behavior? Psychology is such a huge topic and conveying the depth and breadth of the subject can be difficult. As a result, a number of unique and distinctive branches of psychology have emerged to deal with specific subtopics within the study of the mind, brain, and behavior.
Behavioral And Cognitive Psychology
Behavioral and cognitive psychology is a dual sub-field that connects peoples emotional thinking patterns to their problematic behaviors. Behavioral and cognitive psychology is related to applied behavior analysis to positively reinforce socially acceptable behaviors. Behavioral and cognitive psychologists have an experimental-clinical approach to conduct research and apply findings in therapeutic means. Behavioral and cognitive psychologists can examine wide-ranging disorders, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, antisocial personality disorder, and bulimia. Behavioral and cognitive psychologists work to promote pro-social behaviors to replace negative actions as well as irrational, distorted thoughts.
Choosing A Specialization: How To Ask The Right Questions
Now that you know the difference between the most popular specializations in psychology and related fields, how do you narrow down the options? Ask yourself these questions:
How much education do I want to earn?
Bachelors Degree: Therapist, some social work positions
Art therapist, music therapist, entry-level social worker
Masters Degree: Social worker, therapist, counselor
Occupational therapist, licensed clinical social worker
Where do I want to work?
Private practice: psychologist, counselor, therapist
Domestic violence counselor, marriage and family therapist, counseling psychologist
Hospitals or clinics: Psychologist, social worker, some counselors and therapists
Occupational therapist, clinical psychologist, healthcare social worker, grief counselor
Rehabilitation centers: counselors or therapists
Occupational therapist, mental health therapist
Government agencies: psychologists or social workers
Industrial-organizational psychologist, community psychologist, media psychologist, corrections social worker
Social service organizations: social workers
School social worker, public health social worker, family and child social worker
How much do I want to make?
A decent living: counselor or therapist
Career counselor, school counselor, marriage and family therapist, art therapist
A nice nest egg: psychologist
Clinical psychologist, military psychologist, sports psychologist
The rewards are far more than money: social worker
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Couple And Family Psychology
Couple and family psychology is the discipline that studies individual human behavior in the broader context of relationships. Couple and family psychology advances sciences understanding of systemic relational systems in marriages and households. Couple and family psychology aims to intervene during relational conflicts to strengthen social bonds. Couple and family psychologists conduct group therapy sessions to hash out behavioral and emotional issues that are breaking apart relatives. Couple and family psychologists counsel people with dating, marital, or parenting issues, including infidelity, verbal abuse, domestic violence, and child neglect.
Substance Abuse Treatment Psychology
The field of Substance Abuse Treatment Psychology involves the treatment of individuals who suffer from alcoholism, drug addiction, eating disorders or another form of addiction. Substance Abuse Treatment Professionals deliver treatment to clients and support the client as they recover from addiction and maintain sobriety. Substance Abuse Counselors are typically responsible for the following:
- Assess and evaluate overall mental and physical health status, addiction or problem behavior, and readiness to receive treatment
- Develop treatment goals and plans
- Review and recommend treatment options to clients and their families
- Assist clients in developing the skills and behaviors required to recover from their addiction or modify their behavior
- Work with clients to identify behaviors or situations that interfere with their recovery
- Educate families about addiction and help them develop strategies to cope with those problems
- Refer clients to other resources and services
- Conduct outreach programs to help people identify the signs of addiction and other destructive behavior, as well as steps to take to avoid such behavior
Minimum Required Degree Level: Bachelors Degree Potential Applications: Working with individuals who are battling a substance abuse or other addiction Possible Areas of Employment: Rehabilitation facilities, substance abuse treatment facilities, hospitals, private practice
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Police And Public Safety Psychology
Police and public safety psychology is a relatively new specialty recognized in 2013 to apply behavioral theories in the law enforcement sector. Police and public safety psychology is committed to helping personnel carry out essential societal functions for conformity to our laws. Police and public safety psychologists work in these government agencies to better working conditions for cops. Police and public safety psychologists pose evidence-based methods for officers to deal with their jobs trauma. Police and public safety psychologists strive to develop more resilient law enforcement officials who function ethically.
Find Your Ideal Psychologist Specialty
After examining different branches of psychology and outlining your career goals, mapping out the educational path to help get you there becomes that much easier. From earning your;bachelors degree in psychology;to pursuing a;;and gaining valuable experience in the field, and ultimately on to earning a doctoratewherever your journey begins or ends, University of Massachusetts Global can point you in the right direction.
You might be surprised to find how many educational options UMass Global offers both at the bachelors and masters levels. Explore all programs.;
*This article was originally published in 2019 and was last updated April 21, 2021.
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Reading Assignment: History And Approaches Study Guide Answers
Psychology is the scientific study of behavior.
The goals are to describe, understand, predict, and control behavior.
Psychology has its roots in philosophy. The first school of thought in psychology was structuralism, followed by functionalism, behaviorism, and Gestalt psychology.
The five main schools of thought in psychology include behaviorism, humanism, the psychodynamic approach, biopsychology, and cognitive psychology. It is common for modern psychologists to blend many viewpoints in psychology into an eclectic whole.
The three areas of ethical concern in psychological research are the use of deception, invasion of privacy, and the risk of doing lasting harm to the subjects of the research.
The APA’s basic ethical guidelines are:
- Do no harm.
- Do not unnecessarily invade privacy.
- Use deception only when absolutely necessary.
- Remove any misconceptions caused by deception .
- Provide results and interpretations to participants.
- Treat participants with dignity and respect.
The scientific method prevents misinformation and conjecture.
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Exploring 10 Common Branches Of Psychology
The psychology job market is expected to remain stable according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics . Overall employment is projected to increase by 3 percent through 2029, with faster projected growth for clinical,;counseling and school psychologists;in particular.
But before you get to work in this industry, you might consider narrowing your prospects to a particular area that matches your passion. Luckily, your options are numerous in this field. Learn more about some common psychologist specialties you might consider.
Different Types Of Psychology Majors
Psychology is a broad field with over a dozen majors. Studying psychology presents opportunities in various fields including sports, education and business. Understanding the different types of psychology majors can help you better prepare for a career in this field. In this article, we define psychology and the different types of psychology majors you can pursue.
Related:22 Different Types of Psychology
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What Are Some Examples Of Perspective
Perspective is the way that one looks at something. It is also an art technique that changes the distance or depth of an object on paper. An example of perspective is farmer’s opinion about a lack of rain. An example of perspective is a painting where the railroad tracks appear to be curving into the distance.
The 10 Specialties Of Psychology
The Specialties of psychology Are clinical, educational, organizational, sports psychology and sexology, although there are others also important that we explain below.
When talking about psychology, the image that comes quickly to the mind is that of a professional doing psychotherapy with his patient.
However, this discipline not only encompasses knowledge and professional applications based on the treatment of mental disorders or problems through psychotherapy.
Do you want to know what are the different disciplines of the psychology and the work exits that this profession presents? In this article we will search each one of them!
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What Are The Major Trends And Specialties In Psychology
What are the major trends and specialties in psychology? The five main schools of thought in psychology include behaviorism, humanism, the psychodynamic approach, biopsychology, and cognitive psychology. It is common for modern psychologists to blend many viewpoints in psychology into an eclectic whole.
Marriage And Family Psychology
focus their work on the emotions, thoughts and behaviors of individuals, couples and familiesboth in relation to one another and their broader environments. As such, specialized knowledge in systemic relational systems is required in this role.
Its typical for these types of psychologists to address a wide range of clinical problems. These can include alcohol and drug abuse, youth problem behavior, depression, parent-child conflicts, developmental disorders, sexual or physical abuse, medical issues and more.
Some marriage and family psychologist positions prefer candidates who have a Ph.D. in psychology or a Doctor of Psychology degree. Programs like a;Master of Arts in Psychology with a Marriage and Family Therapy concentration, however, can help hopefuls meet licensure requirements in 39 states.
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What Are The Disciplines Of Psychology
Psychology is a science that is based on the study of human behavior and thinking.
In this way, the knowledge acquired by a person who is trained in psychology can be applied in many fields of work.
Depending on the field in which the psychology is applied, it speaks of a specific discipline.
To be a psychologist requires a psychology degree, however, depending on the extra knowledge that is acquired, each psychologist will specialize in a different discipline.
Just as a physician can specialize in cardiology, surgery, podiatry or pediatrics, a psychologist can also specialize in different fields.
In fact, some can be very different from the others and be applied in different professional environments.
In today’s society there is a tendency to interpret the figure of the psychologist as a therapist of people who present psychological alterations, but as we will see below, not all perform this function.
There are many more disciplines with different applications where different work is done.
The 10 major specialties of psychology are as follows.
Professional Psychologists And Growing
More psychologists are entering the work force every year. Nearly all psychology jobs require an advanced degree, such as a doctorate, so its imperative to learn the fundamentals of psychology. Though many bachelors degrees are acceptable for admittance to a masters or doctoral program, the most frequently earned degree is a bachelors degree in psychology. The National Science Foundation found that nearly two-thirds of people who earned an advanced psychology degree in 2014 had a bachelors degree in psychology.
Your bachelors in psychology provides the foundation for your psychology career. Build that foundation today with King Universitys online BS in psychology. Designed for adult learners like you, Kings online program gives you flexibility to balance your education with your busy life. With qualified transfer credits, you can complete Kings program in as little as 16 months.
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How Do I Change My Perspective In Life
5 Ways to Change Your Perspective and Be Happier
What Are The Specialty Fields In Psychology
Prospective graduate students must know the many different specialty fields in psychology to pick the right degree. Psychology studies a wide variety of phenomena related to human and animal behavior. Areas of psychology devise unique methods and techniques to improve the well-being of all living things. Since theres so much variance between psychology fields, nearly everyone can find a suitable specialization match. Choosing a concentration is the first step of receiving masters and doctoral degrees in psychology. As of June 2020, the American Psychological Association has officially recognized 17 professional psychology specialties. This article will introduce a wide array of psychology specializations in the U.S.
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Psychology: A Science With Many Applications And A Profession With Multiple Specialties
Psychology Teacher NetworkPaul D. Nelson, PhD
From the earliest days of scientific psychology in the late 19th century, and well into the 20th century, psychologists in the United States pioneered many different applications of this nascent discipline in various forms of public service. Most of the psychologists responsible for these early innovative practices were professors in distinguished academic institutions, and most had earned their doctoral degrees based on a common body of knowledge. Indeed, many of them had studied under that same lead professor, namely Wilhelm Wundt, in his laboratory at the University of Leipzig in Germany. A lucid portrayal of these early years, including tensions that arose from the applications of psychology, is provided in Donald S. Napolis book Architects of Adjustment: The History of the Psychological Profession in the United States .
The notion advanced was that some distinctive combination of these four parameters would be associated with a particular specialty. The subcommittee also considered it possible that a psychologist, in one or more specialties, might want or need to become certified in a narrower scope of service than is characteristic of a specialty. It suggested that the name proficiency be given to such an aspect of practice. Both concepts of specialty and proficiency were thus adopted by CRSPPP in the implementation of a process by which to formally recognize distinctive areas of psychological practice.
Major Specialties In Psychology
In one complete paragraph, describe the major specialties in psychology.
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Fields Of Psychology To Consider For Your Career
The most basic definition of psychology is the study of the mind and behavior. According to the American Psychological Association , The discipline embraces all aspects of the human experiencefrom the functions of the brain to the actions of nations, from child development to care for the aged.
Because the range of needed services can vary so widely, its no wonder there are so many different areas of psychology. If youve set your sights on a career in this field, be sure to do your research. You might discover one of the many specialty career fields in psychology could be a perfect match to your interests and goals.
To help you evaluate your options, we compiled a list of some common types of psychology careers. Keep reading for a breakdown that includes important information like education requirements, job description, salary potential and work environment.
Industrial And Organizational Psychology
Industrial and organizational psychology is the study of how human behavior impacts organizations and industries. Pursuing this major prepares you for a career that involves assessing a work situation and developing a plan for work-life balance with optimum performance. Industrial and organization psychologists specialize in research, studying workplace setups and decision-making theories. Industrial organizational psychologists usually have consulting roles to help with workplace diversity, team building and leadership development.
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