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What Is The Difference Between Physical And Cultural Geography

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Why Physical Geography Is Important

How Are Cities Organized? Crash Course Geography #46

Knowing about the physical geography of Earth is important for every serious student studying the planet because the natural processes of Earth affect the distribution of resources and the conditions of the human settlement. Anyone studying processes involving Earth and its processes is working within the confines of its physical geography. These natural processes have resulted in a plethora of varied effects on human populations throughout the millennia.

What Role Does Physical Geography Play

Among these many topics, landform evolution and climatic change and their interactions are the most fundamental aspects of physical geography. Physical geography studies the features and dynamic processes of landform, climate, hydrology, soil, and ecology, as well as their interactions and future trends.

Observing Physical And Cultural Landscapes

Students view photographs of Europe to determine if the photos match their own ideas about Europe. They search for geographic clues within the photos to learn more about the subjects shown.


Geography, Human Geography, Physical Geography


1. Practice differentiating between physical and cultural landscape features.

Draw a T-Chart on the board. Add the left column head: Physical or Natural Features, and the right column head: Cultural or Human Features. Shuffle and then tape each of the index cards you prepared ahead of time to the board, to the left or right of the chart, to serve as a word bank. Ask students to do a word sort by moving the words into the correct columns. Then discuss the completed chart. Ask: How did you know which words were physical, or natural, landscape features? How did you know which words were cultural, or human, landscape features? Tell students that they will use their understanding of physical and human landscape features to make observations about locations in Europe in photographs.

2. Make observations about the physical and cultural landscapes in the Europe photo gallery.

Write the following questions on the board for students to refer to:

  • Does this photo look like Europe to you? Why or why not?
  • Where do you think this is located? What clues in the photo helped you determine the location?
  • What else can you see in this photo? What is happening? How can you tell?

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Keeping Up With The Journal Literature

Want an easy way to keep up with the journal literature for all facets of Geography? And you use a mobile device? You can install the BrowZine app and create a custom Bookshelf of your favorite journal titles. Then you will get the Table of Contents of your favorite journals automatically delivered to you when they become available. Once you have the ToC’s you can download and read the articles you want.

You can get the app from the App Store or Google Play.

Don’t own or use a mobile device? You can still use BrowZine! It’s now available in a web version. You can get to it here. The web version works the same way as the app version. Find the journals you like, create a custom Bookshelf, get ToCs and read the articles you want.

Describe The Relationship Between Physical Geography And

Geog100: 1: A Geographic Approach to Physical and Human Systems
  • Highest Rate: 5

  • Lowest Rate: 3

  • Sumary: Physical geography typically plays some role in the development of culture. Cultural dress codes, for example, may be influenced by physical geography of the area.

  • Matching Result: Physical geography typically plays some role in the development of culture. Cultural dress codes, for example, may be influenced by physical

  • Intro: Describe the relationship between physical geography and world cultures? AnswersSubjects> Humanities> History Wiki User 8y agoBest AnswerCopyPhysical geography typically plays some role in the development of culture. Cultural dress codes, for example, may be influenced by physical geography of the area. Wiki User 8y agoThis answer is:Study guidesAdd your

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What Is The Difference Between Physical And Human Geography

Physical geography focuses on natural processes of the earth, including climate and plate tectonics, whereas human geography studies the effect and behavior of humans and how they relate to the physical world. The two fields of geography are interrelated.

Physical geography is concerned with the lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere. The lithosphere is made up of landforms near or at the surface of the earth comprised of solid and disintegrated rock and the soil cover on the surface. The hydrosphere is the section containing water in all its three states, while the atmosphere is the sphere of air around the earth.

Human geography investigates aspects of peoples way of life, such as language, religion, economic activity, government and art. The field also looks into globalization as a process by means of which cultural aspects transmit across the globe.

Geography relates behavior of man to his physical environment. This is important because physical geographical features determine the kind of activity people living around them can practice. For example, the natural environment in urban areas confines people living there to lifestyles different from those of rural dwellers. Conversely, human activities have a bearing on the physical environment. For instance, industrial carbon emissions are tied to climate change.

What Is Human Geography

Human geography is defined as the interaction and connection between human activity and physical space. The study of social networks, the effects of the environment on cultures and vice versa, and the patterns of political, social, and economic variables across geographical spaces are all included.

It is the study of the human race. It involves investigating the history, origins, interactions, and viewpoints of the race about numerous ideologies that have an impact on them. It also includes an analysis of how these social groupings form themselves in their settings. Therefore, human geography is of utmost importance.

Important Topics

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Importance Of Physical Geography

Physical Geography involves the study of natural phenomena that make up this environment. It focuses on geography as a form of Earth science and tends to emphasize on the main physical part of the earth. The importance of physical geography are as follows:

  • Physical geography is important as it provides Useful information about the earth and what goes in the physical environment and beyond it.
  • Study of physical geography enables the researchers to research and no more about the various things happening around the world and how these happenings influence the life of the people.
  • It gives a broader perspective about the related field of geography.
  • Knowledge of Physical Geography is important for sustained growth.
  • Physical geography helps one to understand history and weather resource management in general.

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Frequently Asked Question On Difference Between Physical And Human Geography

ð? What is Geography? Crash Course Geography #1

Question:What do human and physical features mean?

Answer:Things that you can see all around you are all Human and physical features. Physical features include mountains, rivers and seas which are natural. Human features which include houses, bridges and roads are things that have been built by people.

Question:Why is human geography important?

Answer:A wide-ranging discipline that draws together the understanding of many of the strands important for todays world is Human geography.

Question:What are the 3 types of geography?

Answer:There are three main strands of geography:

  • Physical geography: the effects and the nature it has on the environment and/or on people.
  • Human geography: only concerned with people.
  • Environmental geography: how people can protect or harm the environment.

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Upsc Previous Question On Difference Between Physical Geography And Human Geography

Q.1) Each day is more or less the same, the morning is clear and bright with a sea breeze as the Sun climbs high in the sky, heat mounts up, dark clouds form, then rain comes with thunder and lightning. But rain is soon over. Which of the following regions is described in the above passage?




Q.2) With reference to Indian Ocean Dipole sometimes mentioned in the news while forecasting Indian monsoon, which of the following statements is/are correct?

  • IOD phenomenon is characterized by a difference in sea surface temperature between tropical Western Indian Ocean and tropical Eastern Pacific Ocean.
  • An IOD phenomenon can influence an El Ninos impact on the monsoon.
  • Select the correct answer using the code given below :

    1 only

    Both 1 and 2

    Neither 1 nor 2

    Q.3) Consider the following statements:

  • The winds which blow between 30° N and 60° S latitudes throughout the year are known as westerlies.
  • The moist air masses that cause winter rains in North-Western region of India are part of westerlies.
  • Which of the statements given above is/are correct ?

    1 only

    Both 1 and 2

    Neither 1 nor 2

    Basic Concepts In Cultural Geography

    Below are some commonly invoked geographic terms that cultural geographers use.


    In cultural geography, places are geographic locations that humans imbue with meaning. This meaning is often called the Sense of Place.

    Cultural Identity

    Each culture or subculture has defining characteristics that make up a separate identity. Individual people can have multiple cultural identities. Cultural identities shift over time and are passed down from generation to generation.

    Cultural Landscape

    The physical landscape is overlain by human culture. Specifically, it bears the imprint of mentifacts, artifacts, and sociofacts left there by the cultural identities that have inhabited all the places that comprise it. The most common unit of analysis in cultural geography is the cultural landscape.

    A cultural landscape is fashioned from a natural landscape by a culture group. Culture is the agent, the natural area is the medium. The cultural landscape is the result.1

    Patterns and Processes

    Cultural geography studies the ways that culture is organized in space. An example of a cultural pattern is the spatial arrangement of the speakers of a language. An example of a cultural process is diffusion.


    A core concept in cultural geography, diffusion refers to the many ways that cultural artifacts, mentifacts, and sociofacts move from one place to another.

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    Techniques Used In Geography

    Maps have been the key tool in geography. Cartography, which has been a classical tool in geography, has now received modern approaches through the use of computer-based geographical information systems , geographical analysis, remote sensing, Qualitative and quantitative techniques among many others.

    Geography As A Science Physical Open Slcc


    • Lowest Rate: 3

    • Sumary: Introduction to Geographic Science

    • Matching Result: Geography also examines the spatial relationships between all physical and cultural phenomena in the world. Furthermore, geographers also look at how the

    • Intro: 1.2 Geography as a Science Physical Geography and Natural Disasters Introduction to Geographic Science Geography is the spatial study of the earths physical and cultural environments. Geographers study the earths physical characteristics, its inhabitants and cultures, phenomena such as climate, and the earths place within the universe. Geography also

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    Meridians Or Lines Of Longitude

    The prime meridian sits at 0 degrees longitude and divides the earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. The prime meridian is defined as an imaginary line that runs through the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England, a suburb of London. The Eastern Hemisphere includes the continents of Europe, Asia, and Australia, while the Western Hemisphere includes North and South America. All meridians east of the prime meridian are numbered from 1 to 180 degrees east the lines west of the prime meridian are numbered from 1 to 180 degrees west . The 0 and 180 lines do not have a letter attached to them. The meridian at 180 degrees is called the International Date Line. The International Date Line is opposite the prime meridian and indicates the start of each day . Each day officially starts at 12:01 a.m., at the International Date Line. Do not confuse the International Date Line with the prime meridian . The actual International Date Line does not follow the 180-degree meridian exactly. A number of alterations have been made to the International Date Line to accommodate political agreements to include an island or country on one side of the line or another.

    How Is Culture And Geography Related To Each Other

    Cultural geography is simply how the physical geography is going to impact the humans that live there. Cultural geography also compares various cultures and how their lifestyles and customs are affected by their geographical locations climate etc. as well as how they interact with their environment.

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    Differences In Physical Appearance

    The first thing you notice about someone who is different from you is probably visual . Outward markers of cultural difference are obvious and important ways that cultural identities are maintained. These markers include:


    What you wear and how you wear it are universal markers of culture. Some types of clothing, such as tee-shirts and blue jeans, may be markers of certain cultures or they may not be culturally significant at all. Other clothing is highly specific: if you wear a piece of jewelry with a religious symbol, you are signaling your membership in whatever that religion is.

    How you wear an item of clothing may also be important. Do you wear a ballcap? If so, which way does the visor face? How far above or below your waist do you wear pants? These are the types of cultural cues that can distinguish one culture or sub-culture from the next.

    Body modifications

    Tattooing, scarring , and other modifications have existed in human culture for millennia. In addition to still being prevalent in some traditional cultures, they have also been adopted as markers of numerous sub-cultures in modern societies, particularly in the West.

    Fig. 1 – A tattooed Datooga woman from Tanzania


    Have you ever thought about how you walk? Do you keep your hands in your pockets? Do you swagger? Do you walk quickly or slowly? The way you move your limbs in public may be markers of cultural difference.

    Body language

    Chapter : Introduction To The World

    Race, Ethnicity, and the Cultural Landscape: Crash Course Geography #29
  • Understand the focus of geography and the two main branches of the discipline.
  • Learn about the tools geographers use to study the earths surface.
  • Summarize the grid system of latitude and longitude and how it relates to seasons and time zones.
  • Distinguish between the different types of regional distinctions recognized in geography.
  • Understand the spatial nature of geography and how each place or region is examined, analyzed, and compared with other places or regions.
  • Determine the basic geographic realms and their locations.
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    Cultural Differences In Communication

    All the above differences involve some type of communication, whether using words or communicating ideas in other forms. In that sense, then, each culture has its own communication system: its own language. This might not be called a “language,” though: it might be a code, a slang, a lingo, a dialect, a creole, a patois, a pidgin, or even a system of musical notation.

    Complementing The Two Geographic Perspectives

    The two primary geographic perspectives, spatial and ecological, are supplemented by many other perspectives that help frame a distinctly geographic way of looking at the world. When used appropriately, these other perspectives expand our understanding of spatial patterns and human-environment interaction. Historical, economic, civic, and cultural perspectives may be used collaboratively with geographic perspectives to assist in formulating and informing investigations. A geographic perspective can be integrated with other systemic perspectives and with life-status perspectives to enrich and enlarge understanding of places, regions, and environments. It is impossible to list, much less describe, the many types of perspectives people use to develop understandings about their own environments both near and distant from them in time and location. Still, it is useful to consider examples of systemic and life-status perspectives embraced by the geographic viewpoint. Using these perspectives in geography provides the framework for using geographic knowledge and skills to answer questions and solve problems.

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    Ongoing Evolution Of Cultural Geography

    Since the 1980s, a “new cultural geography” has emerged, drawing on a diverse set of theoretical traditions, including political-economic models, feminist theory, post-colonial theory, post-structuralism and psychoanalysis.

    Drawing particularly from the theories of Michel Foucault and performativity in western academia, and the more diverse influences of postcolonial theory, there has been a concerted effort to the cultural in order to reveal that power relations are fundamental to spatial processes and sense of place. Particular areas of interest are how identity politics are organized in space and the construction of subjectivity in particular places.

    Examples of areas of study include:

    Some within the new cultural geography have turned their attention to critiquing some of its ideas, seeing its views on identity and space as static. It has followed the critiques of Foucault made by other ‘poststructuralist‘ theorists such as Michel de Certeau and Gilles Deleuze. In this area, non-representational geography and population mobility research have dominated. Others have attempted to incorporate these and other critiques back into the new cultural geography.

    Have You Ever Wondered

    Elementary Classroom Resources on East Asia
    • How does Earths surface affect culture?
    • What is cultural geography?
    • What are some of the components of cultural geography?

    Have you ever visited a foreign country? What about a large city with lots of culturaldiversity? If youve done either of these things, youve probably gotten a sense of how different people can be from different areas of the world.

    Culture is the word we use to describe all the ways of life that characterizes a particular group of people. With over seven billion people on Earth, there are thousands of different cultures, each of which makes its own special contribution to Earths wonderful diversity.

    Why are there so many different cultures on Earth? If you think about it for a while, youll realize that there are so many ways that people can be different. These factors called cultural components include, among others, language, religion, cuisine, technology, art, music, dress, education, economy, government, and geography.

    Geography? Yes! Although it makes perfect sense, many people dont give much thought to how where they live impacts their culture. There are even scientists who study this phenomenon, which is known as culturalgeography. Culturalgeography is the study of cultural components and how they relate to the geography of the places where people live and travel.

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