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What Is Brazil’s Geography

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Brazil In South America

The states of Brazil explained (Geography Now!)

25In consequence of the new institutional and intellectual context, the scope and approach of the geopolitics presently developed in the country have greatly expanded. As an example, the most traditional of study objects for experts in the area, South America and its 12 countries, and their ongoing integration experience, as well as Brazils political, economic and geopolitical position in the region.

26For military thinkers of the classical period, South America was always considered as the region destined to a natural overflowing of Brazils power and influence. However, as from the 1980s, but mainly in the last fifteen years Brazilian concepts and policies regarding to South America shifted from a political strategic framework clearly focused on hegemony exercises and competition with neighbouring countries , to another which expresses conceptions and practices of more regional cooperation. All in all, an important change that expresses the transition from situations dominated by rivalries and potential conflicts in search of regional hegemony, to the present circumstances in which there is the predominance of an open and accelerated process of integration in the economic and political fields, as well as in infrastructure and even security and defense.

Brazilian People & Culture

Most Brazilians are descended from three ethnic groups: Amerindians, European settlers and Africans. Starting in the 19th century, waves of immigrants from Europe, the Middle East, and even Japan added to this mix. This diversity of people has created a rich religious, musical and culinary culture.

The sandy beaches of Rio de Janeiro are a hot spot for football!

Brazilians are football crazy, and their country has produced some of the most popular players in the world! Brazil has won the FIFA World Cup finals five times, more than any other nation.

Brazil is also home to the worlds largest carnival Rio Carnival! Each year, in the days leading up to Lent, around 2 million people take to the streets of Rio de Janeiro to enjoy music, dancing, elaborate costumes and parades.

Carnival is one seriously cool, colourful celebration!

Resources For Brazil Facts

  • Central Intelligence Agency. “Brazil” CIA World Factbook. Updated 14 February 2020. Last Accessed 2 March 2021.
  • The Olympic Committee. “Rio 2016.” Last Accessed 2 March 2021.
  • Presidency of the Republic of Brazil. “Brazil in Numbers: Fact Sheet – Brazil”. Updated 1 October 2018. Last Accessed 2 March 2021

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Discussion And Study Questions

  • Explain the Atlantic Trade Triangle. How did it operate? How was Brazil involved?
  • Where is Brazils core region? Where is its peripheral region? What are its core cities?
  • What three cities make up Brazils political capital, cultural capital, and largest city, respectively?
  • What is a forward capital and why does Brazil have one? Are favelas located in the forward capital?
  • Why is Manaus such a core city for its region? What makes it so attractive to economic development?
  • What are the main causes of deforestation in the Amazon Basin? How can deforestation be reduced?
  • What is the economic situation in the northeast? How are people attempting to remedy the economic situation?
  • What is promising about the west central region of Brazil? What is needed to develop the area?
  • Why is the south region so affluent? What is this region doing to attract economic development?
  • How has rural-to-urban shift been evident in the population of Brazil? Where has it been occurring?
  • Southeast Core: Urbanize And Industrialize


    Brazils human development patterns are an example of the core-periphery spatial relationship. The main economic core area is located in the southeast region of Brazil, an area that is home to the largest cities of the realm and acts as the hub for industrial and economic activities. Political and economic power is held by elites residing in the urban core areas. The rural northern Amazon Basin is the heart of the periphery, providing raw materials and resources needed in the core. The periphery has a small population density, and most are Amerindian groups that make a living from subsistence agriculture, mining, and forestry. The rural-to-urban shift has prompted many of the rural poor to migrate to the large cities.

    Founded in 1554 as a Catholic mission, the city of São Paulo rests at the heart of the core region. Its pattern of development is similar to that of Mexico City. Coffee production was the early basis of the local economy. São Paulo is located about thirty miles inland from the coast. It has grown to be the center of Brazils trade and industry, but Rio de Janeiro receives more considerable attention for tourism. With more than twenty million people, São Paulo is the largest industrial metropolis south of the Equator, the largest city in South America, and among the largest cities on the planet.

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    Geography Of Rio De Janeiro

    To understand why Rio de Janeiro used to be the capital of Brazil, geography must be understood. In particular, the geography of population. Rio de Janeiro’s location within Brazil is on the Atlantic Coast. The highest concentration of Brazil’s population is located near the Atlantic coast. When Rio de Janeiro was the capital of Brazil, this is where the majority of its population, resources, and economic activities have resided. Rio de Janeiro’s relative location is somewhat central compared to other areas on Brazil’s Atlantic coast. At the time, Rio de Janeiro’s location was considered a logical choice based on where most of Brazil’s population lived. Today, the majority of Brazil’s population is concentrated on the Atlantic Coast. However, more people are living in inland areas. Rio de Janeiro’s position as capital city of Brazil reflected the geographic distribution of Brazil’s population throughout much of its history.

    Geology Geomorphology And Drainage

    In contrast to the Andes, which rose to elevations of nearly 7,000 meters in a relatively recent epoch and inverted the Amazon’s direction of flow from westward to eastward, Brazil’s geological formation is very old.Precambrian crystalline shields cover 36% of the territory, especially its central area. The dramatic granite sugarloaf mountains in the city of Rio de Janeiro are an example of the terrain of the Brazilian shield regions, where continental basement rock has been sculpted into towering domes and columns by tens of millions of years of erosion, untouched by mountain-building events.

    The principal mountain ranges average elevations just under 2,000 meters . The Serra do Mar Range hugs the Atlantic coast, and the Serra do Espinhaço Range, the largest in area, extends through the south-central part of the country. The highest mountains are in the Tumucumaque, Pacaraima, and Imeri ranges, among others, which traverse the northern border with the Guianas and Venezuela.

    The Parcel de Manuel Luís Marine State Park off the coast of protects the largest coral reef in South America.

  • 5 coastal Hydrographic Regions based on regional groupings of minor river basins :
  • Atlântico Nordeste Ocidental
  • Atlântico Nordeste Oriental
  • Atlântico Leste
  • Atlântico Sudeste
  • Atlântico Sul
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    What Is The Geography And Climate Like In Brazil

    Tropical and subtropical humid climate is present in Brazil except for a drier area in the Northeast, sometimes called the drought quadrilateral or drought polygons, which extends from northern Bahia to the coast between Natal and So Lus that region receives about 1530 inches (375750 mm

    Where Is Brazil Located In Coordinates

    Brazil: History, Geography, Economy & Culture

    14.2350° S, 51.9253° WBrazil/CoordinatesWhen it comes to Brazil, the GPS coordinates of Brazil are 14.2350° S and 51.9253° W. The first point is the latitude of Brazil, placing Brazil in the southern hemisphere. The second point, known as the longitude, means that the country is positioned in the western hemisphere.

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    Which Is The Most Developed Region Of Brazil

    The Central-West Region is currently experiencing rapid development, which was partly the result of shifting Brazils national capital from Rio de Janeiro to Brasília in the 1960s. The per capita GDP of the Central-West Region is the second highest, and its economy is mainly dependent on livestock breeding, mining, and tourism.

    Sao Paulo Travel Guide: Sao Paulo Geography And Climate

    São Paulo is located on the Brazilian highland plateau around 800 meters above sea level though only 70 kilometers from the Atlantic Ocean. Towards the north of the city, higher elevations are prevalent with the Serra da Cantareira where the Atlantic rainforest also begins. The two rivers that run through the city Tietê and its tributary Pinheiros are now grossly contaminated although a clean-up project is currently underway. Broadleaf evergreens are the native trees to the area, and these have been supplemented by various non-native species, most notably the eucalyptus.

    São Paulo has a humid sub-tropical climate meaning that temperatures are rarely scorching. It can be drenched with rain in the summer months . Its location on a plateau means that temperatures are usually moderate they can drop below 15°C, although this is unusual.

    Weather averages for São Paulo

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    Exploration And Initial Settlement

    Europeans explored the Brazilian coastline only after mapping parts of the Caribbean Sea and the northeastern coast of South America moreover, intensive exploration of Brazil resulted indirectly from Portugals efforts to expand its colonies in Africa and Asia. In 1498 the Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama discovered an all-water route to the Indies and the Spice Islands via Africas Cape of Good Hope. The Portuguese king, hoping to capitalize on this discovery, dispatched an imposing armada to India under Pedro Álvares Cabral, whose sailing directions had been drawn up by da Gama himself. To avoid the calms off the Gulf of Guinea, Cabral bore so far to the west that on April 22, 1500, he sighted the mainland of South America. The Treaty of Tordesillas between Spain and Portugal had established a line at about longitude 46° 30 W that divided Spanish and Portuguese claims in the New World. The region sighted by Cabral lay well within the Portuguese zone, and the crown promptly claimed it. Portugals new possession was initially called Vera Cruz , but it was soon renamed Brazil because of the copious amounts of brazilwood found there that yielded a valuable red dye.

    The Evolution Of Brazilian Geopolitics


    9In this intellectual and political context, the article examines in a non-exhaustive way the evolution of the Brazilian geopolitical thinking and the trajectory of its direct or indirect influence in the so-called strategic matters, i.e., the Brazilian development as from the first decades of last century, which can be summarized in three main characteristics.

    10Firstly, as pointed out in a study by Costa , for half a century from 1930 to 1980 geopolitics in Brazil was a practically exclusive activity of the state apparatus, especially of the military. Thus, it mostly reflected the hegemonic thought that took root in the country in the beginning of the 1930s, noticeably directed to strengthen the centrality of the national state role in the projects concerning development in general. This explains why the geopolitical thinking organized in that context and unfolded in the following decades, was able to inspire the State policies for internal structuring and what is more, the national external projection in the fields of politics, strategy, economy and culture.

    • 1 This form of public policy is somehow explicit or embedded in the national developing plans and thi

    22In Brazil, this new environment enhanced a strong opening of these themes for the academic environment, especially for the increasingly active think tanks, as previously mentioned. The most symbolic experience of this change was the process of elaboration of the National Defense Policy, approved in 2005.

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    The Geography Of Brazil

    Brazil is the 5th largest country in the world, only Russia, China, Canada and the United States exceeding it in terms of size. It makes up almost half of the entire continent of South America, covering an area of over 8.5 million square kilometres. It is bordered by Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana. In fact it shares borders with every country in South America except Chile and Ecuador, and these inland borders extend for over 15,500 kilometres. To the eastern side of Brazil lies the Atlantic Ocean, with its coastline extending for more than 7,000 kilometres.

    Brazils geography is vast and complex and its landscapes continue to impress its visitors. Brazil is home to over 60% of the Amazon Rainforest as well as immense stretches of highlands and an endless and spectacular coastline that feature mangroves, dunes, lagoons and impressive coral reefs. It is definitely worth a visit!

    The country is divided into 5 main geographic regions.

    List Of Countries And Dependencies By Area

    This is a list of the world’s countries and their by area, ranked by total area.

    Entries in this list include, but are not limited to, those in the standard, which includes and dependent territories. All 193 plus the two observer states are given a rank number. not in ISO 3166-1 are included in the list in ranked order. The areas of such largely unrecognised are in most cases also included in the areas of the more widely recognised states that claim the same territory see the notes in the “notes” column for each country for clarification.

    Not included in the list are to parts of the continent of or entities such as the that have some degree of sovereignty but do not consider themselves to be sovereign countries or dependent territories.

    This list includes three measurements of area:

    • Total area: the sum of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines.
    • Land area: the aggregate of all land within international boundaries and coastlines, excluding water area.
    • Water area: the sum of the surface areas of all inland water bodies within international boundaries and coastlines. Coastal may be included. are not included unless otherwise noted. Contiguous zones and are not included.

    Data is taken from the unless otherwise noted.

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    Rio De Janeiro’s History As A Seat Of Power

    Rio de Janeiro is well-known for its beaches and for Carnaval. It is also an old city, founded in 1565. However, there is something else that Rio de Janeiro is credited for, but not often known for. This city has functioned as a seat of power for much of its history. It started out as the capital of the Captaincy of Rio de Janeiro. In 1763, Rio de Janeiro was the capital of the Portuguese colony of Brazil. Rio de Janeiro’s history as a seat of power would not end there.

    The Portuguese Royal Court had its seat of power in Lisbon for most of its history. However, Brazil temporary housed the Portuguese Royal Court during the last 14 years of being a colony of Portugal. Between 1808 and 1822, the Portuguese Royal Court called Rio de Janeiro home. Portugal’s monarchy in Rio de Janeiro would be replaced by Brazil’s own monarchy in 1822. This is the year that Brazil became an independent country. Rio de Janeiro would be made the capital of Brazil until 1960.

    Plans To Move The Capital City

    Geography Now! Brazil

    For much of Brazil’s history, there was talk of moving Brazil’s capital city further inland, away from the coast. A proposal was made on where a new capital city would be built. The new capital was planned to be built in a more centrally located region of inland Brazil. The name of the proposed capital was supposed to be Brasilia. The reason for such a proposal was to put the capital in a less developed region, away from the areas of high population density. This early proposal was never passed. The reason was due to the dissolution of the General Assembly by then-Emperor Pedro I.

    In 1889, Brazil’s days of being ruled by a monarchy ended. Brazil became a republic. In becoming a republic, a Constitution was drafted. In its constitution, a clause was included regarding a new capital city. That clause stated that the capital city of Brazil should be moved from Rio de Janeiro to a place further inland, where it would have a relatively central location. The idea was about putting the capital city in a more neutral region

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    Which Is The Largest City In Brazil By Area

    Brasilia is the capital city of Brazil. It has an estimated area of 8,514,877 sq km and a coastline of 7,491 Km. The Christ Redeemer located in Rio De Janeiro is located in Brazil which is one of the new seven wonders of the world. #2: Huge Area! Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world. It is the largest country in South America.

    Brazil Attractions For Kids

    • Rio de Janeiro: Copacabana and Ipanema are great for beach holidays
    • Capivara National Park is known for ancient rock paintings
    • Recife, the country’s fourth largest city is also nicknamed ‘Venice of Brazil’ because of its over 50 bridges and many waterways.
    • Pantanal National park is also called the ‘Brazilian Garden of Eden’
    • Florianópolis is located on Santa Catarina Island which stretches over 54 km/ 33 miles. The island has some of the most amazing beaches in the country.

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