Identify Terms Coefficients And Like Terms
Algebraic expressions are made up of terms. A term is a constant or the product of a constant and one or more variables. Some examples of terms are \, \, \, \, and \.
The constant that multiplies the variable in a term is called the coefficient. We can think of the coefficient as the number in front of the variable. The coefficient of the term \ is \. When we write \, the coefficient is \, since \. Table \ gives the coefficients for each of the terms in the left column.
Table \5×2  5 
An algebraic expression may consist of one or more terms added or subtracted. In this chapter, we will only work with terms that are added together. Table \ gives some examples of algebraic expressions with various numbers of terms. Notice that we include the operation before a term with it.
Table \3×2, 4×2, 5y, 3 
Example \:
Identify each term in the expression \. Then identify the coefficient of each term.
Solution
The expression has four terms. They are \, \, \, and \.
The coefficient of \ is \.
The coefficient of \ is \.
Remember that if no number is written before a variable, the coefficient is \. So the coefficient of a is \.
The coefficient of a constant is the constant, so the coefficient of \ is \.
exercise \
Identify all terms in the given expression, and their coefficients: \
 Answer

The terms are \ and \. The coefficients are \ and \.
exercise \
Identify all terms in the given expression, and their coefficients: \
 Answer

The terms are \ and \, The coefficients are \ and \.
Look Up The Meaning Of Math Words
 Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, University of Tennessee at Knoxville
 B.A., Physics and Mathematics, Hastings College
This is a glossary of common mathematical terms used in arithmetic, geometry, algebra, and statistics.
Abacus: An early counting tool used for basic arithmetic.
Absolute Value: Always a positive number, absolute value refers to the distance of a number from 0.
Acute Angle: An angle whose measure is between 0° and 90° or with less than 90° radians.
Addend: A number involved in an addition problem numbers being added are called addends.
Algebra: The branch of mathematics that substitutes letters for numbers to solve for unknown values.
Algorithm: A procedure or set of steps used to solve a mathematical computation.
Angle: Two rays sharing the same endpoint .
Angle Bisector: The line dividing an angle into two equal angles.
Area: The twodimensional space taken up by an object or shape, given in square units.
Array: A set of numbers or objects that follow a specific pattern.
Attribute: A characteristic or feature of an objectsuch as size, shape, color, etc.that allows it to be grouped.
Average: The average is the same as the mean. Add up a series of numbers and divide the sum by the total number of values to find the average.
Base: The bottom of a shape or threedimensional object, what an object rests on.
Base 10: Number system that assigns place value to numbers.
Capacity: The volume of substance that a container will hold.
What Are Like Terms
In Algebra, the like terms are defined as the terms that contain the same variable which is raised to the same power. In algebraic like terms, only the numerical coefficients can vary. We can combine the like terms to simplify the algebraic expressions so that the result of the expression can be obtained very easily.
For example, 4x + 10x is an algebraic expression with like terms. In order to simplify this algebraic expression, we can add the like terms. Thus, the simplification of the given expression is 14x. In the same way, you can perform all the arithmetic operations on the like terms.
You May Like: What Are The Four Main Areas Of Biological Contamination
Like And Unlike Terms
We at askmath believe that educational material should be free for everyone. Please use the content of this website for indepth understanding of the concepts. Additionally, we have created and posted videos on our youtube.
We also offer One to One / Group Tutoring sessions / Homework help for Mathematics from Grade 4th to 12th for algebra, geometry, trigonometry, precalculus, and calculus for US, UK, Europe, South east Asia and UAE students.
Affiliations with Schools & Educational institutions are also welcome.
Please reach out to us on / Whatsapp +919998367796 / Skype id: anitagovilkar.abhijit
We will be happy to post videos as per your requirements also. Do write to us.
Like terms Like terms.Example: Unlike terms Unlike termsExample :Some more examples :
What Is Term In Math And How Does It Works
Are you unable to solve algebraic problems? Or do you get stuck while solving the equation? Well, this might be because you are unable to identify like and unlike terms.
Excuse me!!! I do not have any idea regarding what is term in math?
Do not worry! I have explained all the details that will help you clear your doubts regarding terms in math and allow you to know how to analyze terms in algebraic equations.
But before that, let me explain to you what are the key components of an algebraic equation.
Don’t Miss: What Does Groundwater Flow Mean In Geography
How Do We Find Like And Unlike Algebraic Terms
In a given algebraic expression, if the variables are the same irrespective of different coefficients along with the exponents being similar, those terms are called like terms. Whereas, if an expression consists of two different variables, different exponents, and different coefficients, that expression is known to have unlike algebraic terms. For example: Consider this expression 7xy + x – 9y + 13xy – 8x + 12z2 we can differentiate like and unlike algebraic terms. The like terms are 7xy + 13xy + x 8x which can be simplified further to 20xy – 7x. The, unlike terms, are 12z2 – 9y.
Definition Of Like Terms
Like terms are those terms whose variables and their exponent power are the same. The coefficient of these variables can be different. Algebraiclike terms are terms that are similar to each other. These like terms in the algebraic expression can be combined to simplify the expression to derive the answer in a simple manner. For example, This is a like algebraic expression 8y + 2y where y is the same variable in the expression and the coefficients are different. To simplify it further, we can add the two like terms i.e. 8y + 2y = 10y. Hence, all arithmetic operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division can be performed only on like algebraic terms.
Don’t Miss: What Does Math Floor Do
How Do You Find Like Terms In Math
When we look at algebraic terms to find like terms first we ignore the coefficients and only look if terms have the same variables with same exponents. Those terms which qualify this condition are called like terms. All the given four terms are like terms because each of them have the same single variable a.
Can We Solve Like And Unlike Terms If Yes Then How
Yes, you can solve like and unlike terms.
Moreover, it is quite easy to solve the like and unlike terms. But before solving them, you must remember what is term in math. This will help you to solve terms with ease.
So, lets check how to analyze terms in algebraic equations.
Suppose you and your other 10 friends went to a restaurant to eat some snacks. And all of you gave the order as :
 1 ordered: Hamburger
You can see three similar or like snacks: Hamburger, French Fries, and Soft drinks. Now, you can separate them as like and unlike terms.
The unlike terms are Hamburger, French Fries, and Soft drinks.
The equation can be written as:
=> 2h+f+d+3h+2f+2d
Simplify it as:
This is what is term in math, and how does it get solved?
Don’t Miss: What Does Additive Mean In Math
What Is Terms In Algebra
A term can be a signed number a variable or a constant multiplied by a variable or variables. Each term in an algebraic expression is separated by a + sign or J sign. In the terms are: 5x 3y and 8. When a term is made up of a constant multiplied by a variable or variables that constant is called a coefficient.
How Do You Do Terms
There is no one definitive answer to this question. Each persons understanding of the term will be different. However, some general tips on how to do terms might include: Knowing the different parts of a wordPronunciationKnowing the different types of wordsKnowing the different meanings of wordsKnowing the different parts of the word
Also Check: What Does Biologically Inert Mean
Difference Between Like And Unlike Terms
Listed below is the difference between the two terms, like terms vs unlike terms. Let’s take a look.
Like Terms  

Terms with the same variables and exponents.  Terms with different variables and exponents. 
Like terms can be simplified by combining them.  Unlike terms cannot be simplified by combining them. 
Addition and Subtraction of like terms can be done together.  Addition and Subtraction of unlike terms cannot be done together. 
13×2 + 5×2 is an example of like terms.  7z – 25r is an example of unlike terms. 
Like terms are also called similar terms.  Unlike terms are also called dissimilar terms. 
What Is Term In Math
The term can be a variable, a number. Moreover, it is the product of two or multiple variables or even a variable and a number. The algebraic expression or equation is made up of single or multiple terms.
Lets take an example of it
4x = 0
4xy = 0
Keep in mind that the terms are summed up to make an equation. Like 5xy has the product of 5, x, and y. Moreover, take another term as 2z that is the product of z and 2.
Now, combine both terms that are 5xy and 2z as:
=> 5xy +
=> 5xy2z
Depending on the variables and the powers, the terms are classified into 2 terms, that is:
 Like algebraic terms
 Unlike algebraic terms
Don’t Miss: What’s Osmosis In Biology
Video On How To Combine Like Terms
 Exponents and Bases: You may have noticed that like terms always have the same base and exponent.
 Regarding Coefficients: Also, the coefficient in front of a variable does not change whether or not terms are alike. For instance 3x and 5x and 11x are all like terms. The coefficients do not have anything at all to do with whether or not the terms are like. All that matters is that each of ‘x’ factors or ‘bases’ have the same exponent.
Addition And Subtraction Of Unlike Terms
The simplification of expressions or combining like terms cannot be done on unlike terms, as the variables and exponents are not similar. For example, 8xy + 6y – 9x – 10×2, as seen here, there are different variables, exponents, and coefficients. This expression cannot be simplified as all the terms are different from each other.
Don’t Miss: How To Calculate Amu In Chemistry
What Is An Algebraic Expression
An algebraic expression consists of unknown variables, numbers, and arithmetic operators.
x 5 is a simple algebraic expression. When we combine constants and variables connected by mathematical operations such as +, , x, and ÷, we get an algebraic expression.
Let us look at a few more algebraic expressions.
A coefficient is a number multiplied by the variable.The coefficient of 5 x + 10 is 5 and
8 2 x is 2.
What Are Like And Unlike Algebraic Terms
Like algebraic terms are those terms whose variables and their exponent power are the same. The coefficient of these variables can be different. Algebraiclike terms are terms that are similar to each other. These like terms in the algebraic expression can be combined to simplify the expression to derive the answer in a simple manner. For example: 12x – 6x, where x is the variable and 12 and 6 are the different coefficients.
Unlike algebraic terms are those terms whose variables and their exponents are different from each other. In an expression, the coefficient is different, the variables are different i.e 2 variables, and the exponent powers are different, that expression is known to obtain, unlike terms. For example, 3z – 8x, where z and x are 2 variables and 3 and 8 are the coefficients.
You May Like: What Are The Best Colleges For Psychology
Can We Add Or Subtract Like And Unlike Algebraic Terms
We can add or subtract any number of like algebraic terms. Terms that do not have the same variables are called unlike algebraic terms. An expression with unlike terms cannot be added or subtracted. For example: 7a – 46z , 5×3 + 45xy , 32z + xy + 12, all these three expressions contain two unlike terms.
Like And Unlike Algebraic Terms Examples
Algebraic terms are those individual elements in an equation or an expression separated by + or – signs.
Consider the expression: 9x + 6y
We cannot simplify this any further as x and y are unknown. Check out another example.
4x² + 3x + 4y + 8x + 10x²
If rearranged, this expression can be rewritten as:
10x² + 4x²+ 8x + 3x + 4y
= 14x² + 11x + 4y
Thus, it is seen that algebraic terms with the same variables are added to each other. The addition of certain terms was possible only because the variables in both these cases are the same even if the numerical coefficients are different which can be added as normal numbers and the variable factor remains as it is. Now, these terms which have the same variables are called like terms.
Thus, terms having identical variables raised to the same exponent are like terms.
So, what is 14x², 11x and 4y called? These are called unlike terms since the variables or exponent raised to these variables are unlike or not same.
Further operations on unlike terms cannot be directly performed. Based on this, it is clear that an algebraic expression consists of terms which can be categorized into like terms and unlike terms.
Lets consider another example 2xy + 4x² + 5xy +5y² +16x²
If you notice properly, the terms 2xy and 5xy, as well as 4x²and 16 x² have common factors. Only the numerical coefficients are different. Apart from that, all the variable factors are the same, so these terms can be added.
2xy + 5xy = 7xy
4x² +16x² = 20 x²
You May Like: What Is Reward In Psychology
Basic Mathematical Symbols With Name Meaning And Examples
The basic mathematical symbols used in Maths help us to work with mathematical concepts in a theoretical manner. In simple words, without symbols, we cannot do maths. The mathematical signs and symbols are considered as representative of the value. The basic symbols in maths are used to express mathematical thoughts. The relationship between the sign and the value refers to the fundamental need of mathematics. With the help of symbols, certain concepts and ideas are clearly explained. Here is a list of commonly used mathematical symbols with names and meanings. Also, an example is provided to understand the usage of mathematical symbols.
Symbol 

Combining Like Terms With Subtraction
If there is a subtraction sign in front of a term, then this number is subtracted from any other like terms. The variable still remains the same.
For example here we have 10a + 5b 6a 3b.
We can write the a terms together. We have 10a 6a. Notice that we moved the minus sign with the 6a.
We write the b terms together. We have 5b 3b. Again we move the minus sign in front of the 3b too when we move the 3b.
10a 6a = 4a and 5b 3b = 2b.
We have two terms, 4a and 2b.
We combined like terms by subtracting the coefficients. 10a + 5b 6a 3b = 4a + 2b.
Notice that because 5b 3b = 2b, we still have 2 b terms left after the subtraction, so there is a plus sign between 4a and 2b.
We can simply subtract the coefficients of each term.
Here are 8 cakes, which we can write as 8c.
We will remove the box of 3 cakes to leave 5 cakes remaining.
We can see that 8 cakes take away 3 cakes leaves 5 cakes.
Therefore we can write 8c 5c = 3c.
We can see that 8 5 = 3 and so, 8c 5c = 3c. We simply subtract the coefficients. If there is a minus sign in front of a term, then we subtract the number.
He is a simple example of combining like terms using subtraction.
We have 4a 2a.
We can see that because both terms contain an a and only an a, we have like terms.
We can subtract the coefficient of 2 from the coefficient of 4.
4 2 = 2 and so, 4a 2a = 2a.
We can think of this as a negative coefficient. We have 4a and 2a. The coefficient of the second a term is 2.
We have 2a + 2b.
Also Check: What Are Reflexes In Psychology
Definition Of Unlike Terms
Unlike terms are those terms whose variables and their exponents are different from each other. In an expression, the coefficient is different, the variables are different i.e 2 variables, and the exponent powers are different, that expression is known to obtain, unlike terms. For example, the algebraic expression 3x + 9y where x and y are two different variables with different coefficients is known as, unlike algebraic terms.