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What Are The Two Main Branches Of Geography

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What Is Human Geography And Its Sub

The Branches of Geography Explained by Mr Hawnree

Human geography also known as Cultural geography involves the understanding of the worlds human aspect with regards to geography people, communities, population and landscapes.

This major branch of geography look at the people and the world as a set What dynamics play in the development of human race and the natural world when it comes to food, climate, safety, and resources. Other human aspects includes economic, social, cultural, and political.

Human geographys main goal is to understand the impact of the worlds landscape in the processes and patterns behind the shape and formation of the human societies.

Other topics studied in this discipline includes jobs, crops, migration, interaction, organization, culture, behavior, politics, values and beliefs and how these aspects is the result of the particular regions that they inhabit.

Likewise, the discipline additionally concentrates on how the cooperations and the discernments that individuals from that human populace have for different philosophies influencing them as well as the manner by which the gatherings that occupy the Earth sort out themselves in the specific locales that they possess.

Like physical geography, human geography has numerous fields of specialization beacuse it helps to understand the overview of its many sub-disciplines. Here is the list below:

  • economic geography
  • Regional geography
  • Animal geography

Agricultural Geography And Industrial Geography

These subdisciplines of economic geography overlap with environmental, cultural, and political geography. Agricultural geography studies the distribution and other spatial characteristics of agriculture, part of the primary economic sector, and industrial geography looks at the spatial aspects of manufacturing and related components of the secondary economic sector.

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Geography is much more than dry facts and figures. Geographers study the Earth to learn why and where certain processes happen. Geography is the “why of where.”

Physical geography and human geography are its two broad divisions. Physical geography is the study of Earth processes, while human geography studies how people relate to the Earth. Keep reading to learn more about the scope, types, and more.

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Scope Of Human Geography

Human geographers use several terms to refer to parts of the Earth:

  • SPACE. Physical space on the Earth .
  • LOCATION. A portion of space defined by coordinates .
  • PLACE. A specific location people experience.
  • LANDSCAPE. An area of space with places and connections between places.
  • REGION. A group of similar places and locations, and/or landscapes, spread over space.
  • TERRAIN. The physical aspect or shape of space over an area.
  • ENVIRONMENT. “Surroundings.” In human geography, this means the natural environment as experienced by people.

Study tip: It is a GREAT idea to become comfortable with similarities and differences between the terms above and how they are used in AP Human Geography. Sometimes, the way they are used in casual language or in another discipline is different from how they are understood by geographers.

The Earth And Graticule Location

Geography as a Discipline and Branches of Geography (NCERT Notes)

When identifying a region or location on the earth, the first step is to understand its relative and absolute locations. Relative location is the location on the earths surface with reference to other places, taking into consideration features such as transportation access or terrain. Relative location helps one compare the advantages of one location with those of another. Absolute location, on the other hand, refers to an exact point on the earths surface without regard to how that point is related to any other place. Absolute location is vital to the cartographic process and to human activities that require an agreed-upon method of identifying a place or point.

Just as you were taught in geometry that there are 360 degrees in a circle or a sphere, the earth also has 360 degrees, and they are measured using a grid pattern called the graticule. Lines of latitude and longitude allow any absolute location on the earth to have an identifiable address of degrees north or south and east or west, which allows geographers to accurately locate, measure, and study spatial activity.

Figure 1.3 Basic Lines of Longitude and Latitude

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What Is Geographycompare And Contrast The Two Main Branches Of Geography


the study of the physical features of the earth and its atmosphere, and of human activity as it affects and is affected by these, including the distribution of populations and resources, land use, and industries.

Human Geography is the branch of geography dealing with how human activity affects or is influenced by the earth’s surface.

Physical Geography is the branch of geography dealing with natural features and processes.



Geography is the study of the Earths surface, but it is divided into two main branches: physical geography and human geography. Both branches of geography study aspects of the surface of the Earth. Physical geographers study natural features, and human geographers study human societies throughout the Earth. While both of these branches of geography are about the study of the Earths surface, these branches of study involve different elements of our world. Physical geographers try to understand natural landforms, environments, and physical processes like plate tectonics. Human geographers, on the other hand, are concerned with human societies and how they interact with the natural world. They think about how they use the natural world to survive and alter their environments in the process.

The Main Branches Of Geography

The Branches of geography Are born from the broad field of study that this science has. Geography is the science that is responsible for the analysis of phenomena that are related to the Earth, either from a natural or human perspective.

Because of its integrative nature, this discipline is not investigated in isolation, but rather is linked to other areas.

Much more broadly, geography can be divided into two major groups: general geography and regional geography, these having in turn, as many divisions.

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What Are Geographic Maps

*Maps*Data collection. *Images*Location object. satellite study *Representation of the *Aerial photographs GEOGRAPHICAL SPACE: The natural environment plus the presence of information. of man and his community . *Programs*Interconnection of computer elements.

What is mathematical geography?

It contemplates the study of the surface of the Earth and its relationship with the universe through mathematical processes through its dimensions, magnitudes, shapes and characteristics. Mathematical Geography is divided into: Cartography: studies the dimensions of the earth and reflects them on maps and geographic plans and globes.

What is geography?

Geography is the science that deals with the study of the phenomena that occur on the earths surface in its entirety. This science analyzes both the division of the territory and the societies and cultures that inhabit it, as well as geographical features, rivers, mountains, landscapes, climates, etc.

What Are The Branches Of Geography And What Does Each Study

Two Branches of Geography

Geography is the science that deals with the study of the phenomena that occur on the earths surface in its entirety These are the main branches of geography:

  • Physical geography.

What does human geography study and what are its branches?

Geography is a social science that studies societies and their territories, both in the static aspect of their organization, and in the dynamic of the changes they experience. The study of each one gives rise to different disciplines: As related sciences, Agronomy, Rural Sociology and Economics.

What branch of geography studies hurricanes?

Physical Geography: Study physical facts and phenomena, that is, those that occur without human intervention, for example, lakes, mountains, volcanic eruptions, hurricanes, etc.

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Parallels Or Lines Of Latitude

Figure 1.4 Noted Lines of Latitude

The equator is the largest circle of latitude on Earth. The equator divides the earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres and is called 0 degrees latitude. The other lines of latitude are numbered from 0 to 90 degrees going toward each of the poles. The lines north of the equator toward the North Pole are north latitude, and each of the numbers is followed by the letter N. The lines south of the equator toward the South Pole are south latitude, and each of the numbers is followed by the letter S. The equator is the only line of latitude without any letter following the number. Notice that all lines of latitude are parallel to the equator and that the North Pole equals 90 degrees N and the South Pole equals 90 degrees S. Noted parallels include both the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, which are 23.5 degrees from the equator. At 66.5 degrees from the equator are the Arctic Circle and the Antarctic Circle near the North and South Pole, respectively.

What Are The Branches Of Geography

Thus, the branches of geography are: physical geography, biological geography and human geography. In turn, these branches give rise to subdivisions, some of which are: Anthropogeography. Study the fossil remains of the human being. Climatology. Study the distribution of climates and their variations. agrarian geography.

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What Are Two Importance Of Geography

Geography helps us understand basic physical systems that affect everyday life: How water cycles and ocean currents work are all explained with Geography. These are important systems to monitor and predict in order to help lessen the impact of disasters.

What two types of location are there in the five themes of geography?

The instruction of geography usually begins with location. Location can be two kinds: absolute location and relative location. Absolute location is defined using its exact address . Relative location describes where a place is in relation to other locations.

What Is Geography And How Is It Divided

25 best Political Geography images on Pinterest

Geography is the science of describing the Earth. It is the study of the space in which we live, how to use it and transform it has been a constant concern of man over time. This science is divided into: physical geography and human geography.

What do we study according to the branch of physical geography?

The analysis of the geographical space was carried out, configured by the interrelation of the natural environment and human groups, from the main branches of study of Physical Geography: Climatology, Biogeography, Hydrography and Geomorphology, as different lines of research at scale local and regional.

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One Of The Crucial Human Geography Discipline: Political Geography

It is a branch of human geography that deals with human governments, regulations, boundaries, and subdivisions of political units. Its a sub-discipline that is concerned with the spatial dimensions of politics. Political geography is an academic discipline studying the interaction between the political activities of people and integral geographic space. The objective of this discipline is to reveal the unity of the geographical factors of social development. In simple words, political geography studies the interaction of social activities with geographical space.

Political geography focuses on the relationship between politics and places.

For instance:

  • How boundaries between cities, states, or counties are made
  • Whether the size of a country determines how powerful it is
  • How natural resources are distributed around the world influences trade and war

Those who are studying geography should keep the balance between geography and politics and the way these two are combined will depend on the course.

What Are The 2 Main Branches Of Geography

Geography is a great discipline to learn as it can provide us with a holistic understanding of our planet, its systems, and phenomena. This article answers the question what are the 2 main branches of geography? we will also discuss what is geography and what are the other sub-disciplines of this study

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Introduction To Human Geography

  • Human geography studies the “why of where”patterns and processes that shape and are shaped by the Earth.
  • Three subdisciplines of human geographycultural geography, economic geography, and political geographyconnect to other branches of geography such as historical geography, medical geography, environmental geography, urban geography, industrial geography, agricultural geography, and the philosophy of geography.
  • The importance of human geography is its ability to study the Earth in ways that allow us to better understand how humans can create a more sustainable planet, save biodiversity, and so forth.
  • Examples of human geography in practice range from the significance of the location of New Orleans to the redrawing of voting district boundaries and the location of retail stores.

Do You Know About The Five Main Branches Of Human Geography

Branches of Geography

Human geography is all about human activities and the role that humans play in this world. It involves understanding the human populations background. This discipline also covers how humans live on the earth and organize themselves in a particular region that they inhabit. Human geography has many sub-disciplines. But for now, in this blog, we will discuss the five main branches of human geography. Following are the human geography branches that you need to know:

  • Cultural geography
  • Historical geography

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What Are The Main Branches Of Human Geography

Human geography consists of a number of sub-disciplinary fields that focus on different elements of human activity and organization for example cultural geography economic geography health geography historical geography political geography population geography rural geography social geography transport

Four Traditions Of Geography

Geography is an extremely broad field. Because of this, many view the various definitions of geography proposed over the decades as inadequate. To address this, William Patterson proposed the concept of the “Four traditions of Geography” in 1964. These traditions are the Spatial or Locational Tradition, the Man-Land or Human-Environment Interaction Tradition, the Area Studies or Regional Tradition, and the Earth Science Tradition. These concepts are broad sets of geography philosophies bound together within the discipline. They are one of many ways geographers organize the major sets of thoughts and philosophies within the discipline.

Spatial or locational tradition

The spatial or locational tradition is concerned with employing quantitative methods to describe the spatial characteristics of a location. The spatial tradition seeks to use the spatial characteristics of a location or phenomena to understand and explain it. The contributors to this tradition were historically cartographers, but it now encompasses what we call technical geography and geographic information science.

Area studies or regional tradition

Human-Environment interaction tradition

Earth science tradition

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Human Geography Assignment Help To Improve Grades

Geography assignment is all about seeking help from the pool of professional writers in understanding and completing your assignment task. Assistance from adept writers and industry experts is crucial for those who want to excel in their careers in this field. If you are planning for a career in a geographic field, you need to have complete knowledge regarding the geography assignment. Moreover, you need to know the different locations and places. Not only this but, you also need to have in-depth knowledge about the geographical issues, human life, societies, weather, resources, and many other factors.

If you are encountering any issue related to human geography assignment, acquire academic assistance from experienced writers who will provide accurate solutions to your academic problem. Seeking A+ grades in exams is a dream of every student. Now you can achieve this dream by hiring an adept assignment writer. Indeed, online homework helpers put their full efforts into crafting your paper. Its time to say bye to your worries and enjoy the appreciation from your professors.

What Is Physical Geography And Its Sub

Geography as a Discipline l NCERT FOR UPSC CSE

Geography is generally divided into 2 main branches and other branch falls under it. The different branches of geographyhelps us understand our planet and its people better. These major branches are the Physical Geography and Human Geography.

Physical Geography

Physical geography, from the word itself focuses on the physical features and properties of the earths land, water, climate, soil and even plants.

In this branch the heights of mountains and the temperatures of places as well as the changes that occur over time is tracked and carefully documented. This collections of data gives us general information about our world.

What are the different features of the earth? What are the effect of these features to the people and their societies? How does the physical world works? These are the questions that the Physical Geography id trying to understand and give answer to.

Physical Geography also helps us understand what lies beneath the biosphere ice caps and oceans. There is also a curiosity about the physical nature and characteristics of the land underneath the ocean bed.

Not only the biosphere, physical geography also tackles the natural world and that includes the lithosphere, hydrosphere, pedosphere, and atmosphere.

Earth science is also considered as a physical geography as it tries to understand the physicalfeatures of the worlds natural landscape as well as examine the formative and destructive forces associated with its characteristics.

  • Quaternary geography

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What Are The Other Branches Of Geography

Integrated Geography

Integrated geography manages the connection of the earth with people and vice versa. From the enormous detonation to the ongoing current time, our planet has developed and has been significantly influenced by our reality.

People have consumed the different assets of the earth and furthermore have assembled machines and gear to control it. Far off sensors, man-made assets, calamities, and so forth go under this branch of geography.


The making of maps and showing precise information is called Cartography. Continuing to refresh the ongoing worldwide map is vital. It incorporates logical, realistic and imaginative information on the different areas, states, nations, and mainlands.

The spatial information of the guide can be modified because of the changing climate and elements of the earth.


Thisbranch og geology concentrates on the designing of assortment, appropriation, capacity, investigate, cycle, and present information that have been accumulated about the geographic data.

Geomatics is connected with Geographic Information Systems and the other geospatial sciences.

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