What Is Meant By Topography
The detailed study of different types of landforms and their attributes is known as topography. The term is also present in biology and it falls under the chapter of microscopy. However, the topography biology definition has similarities with the geographic one as it means the study of the physical properties of an object.
Here, we will discuss geographical topography. The ways of handling the topographic maps are discussed here. Moreover, you can define topography easily as you know the process of using it to solve different problems related to it. As a school student of any education board, you would have to study topography along with geography in the secondary and higher-secondary standards.
What Concentration Means In Chemistry
- Ph.D., Biomedical Sciences, University of Tennessee at Knoxville
- B.A., Physics and Mathematics, Hastings College
In chemistry, the word “concentration” relates to the components of a mixture or solution. Here is the definition of concentration and a look at different methods used to calculate it.
Past And Future Change In Global Temperature
Though warming has not been uniform across the planet, the upward trend in the globally averaged temperature shows that more areas are warming than cooling. According to NOAAs 2020 Annual Climate Report the combined land and ocean temperature has increased at an average rate of 0.13 degrees Fahrenheit per decade since 1880 however, the average rate of increase since 1981 has been more than twice that rate.
Based on NOAAs global analysis, the 10 warmest years on record have all occurred since 2005, and 7 of the 10 have occurred just since 2014. Looking back to 1988, a pattern emerges: except for 2011, as each new year is added to the historical record, it becomes one of the top 10 warmest on record at that time, but it is ultimately replaced as the top ten window shifts forward in time.
Image by Katharine Hayhoe, from the 2017 Climate Science Special Report by the U.S. Global Change Research Program.
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What Are Examples Of Cultural Diffusion Today
Lets expand our horizons beyond those sushi dinners and daily tweets with some examples of cultural diffusion in society today:
- In New York Citys Chinatown youll meet the largest concentration of Chinese people in the Western hemisphere.
- The spread of music throughout the world also illustrates cultural diffusion.
Summation On The Meaning And Concept Of Agriculture
The first 3 are scientific and practical definitions while numbered 4 to 8 are legal definitions and meaning of agriculture. These last 5 give more details on what is agriculture by enumerating the activities covered by the enterprise or practice. That contending parties have found the necessity to elevate to the Court controversies in relation to what is agriculture only underscores the uncertainty relating to the term. The following conclusion can be derived from these definitions and statements of scope:
1. Agriculture is an enterprise or business, activity, or practice. It is synonymous with farming.
2. The practice of agriculture is based on a systematized body of knowledge and requires skill .
3. Agriculture often involves the cultivation of the soil to grow plants and the raising of animals for human needs. The words crops and livestock are also used. However, both words are special or technical terms. Crops should clearly mean plants which are useful to man while livestock applies to both domesticated animals and poultry. However, cultivation which essentially involves disturbing the soil does not apply to crop production systems using soil-less media, as in hydroponics.
The above enumerated dissect should provide the conceptual answer to the question What is Agriculture?
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Which Countries Fall Under Asia
Today, Asia is home to the citizens of Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Myanmar , Nepal, North Korea, Oman, Pakistan.
How To Calculate Concentration
Concentration is determined mathematically by taking the mass, moles, or volume of solute and dividing it by the mass, moles, or volume of solution . Some examples of concentration units and formulas include:
- Molarity – moles of solute/liters of solution
- Mass Concentration – mass of solute/volume of solution
- Normality – grams active solute/liters of solution
- Molality – moles of solute/mass of solvent
- Mass Percent – mass solute/mass solution x 100%
- Volume Concentration – volume of solute/volume of mixture
- Number Concentration – number of entities of a component divided by the total volume of the mixture
- Volume Percent – volume solute/volume solution x 100%
- Mole Fraction – moles of solute/total moles of species in the mixture
- Mole Ratio – moles of solute/total moles of all other species in the mixture
- Mass Fraction – mass of one fraction /total mass of the mixture
- Mass Ratio – mass of solute/mass of all other constituents in the mixture
- PPM – a 100 ppm solution is 0.01%. The “parts per” notation, while still in use, has largely been replaced by mole fraction
- PPB – typically used to express contamination of dilute solutions
Some units may be converted from one to another. However, it’s not always a good idea to convert between units based on the volume of solution to those based on mass of solution because volume is affected by temperature.
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Pros And Cons Of Geographical Diversification
Diversifying a portfolio across different geographic regions can help investors compensate for the volatility of a single economic region, in the long reducing risk relative to less-diversified portfolios. Exchange traded funds and mutual funds have made investing globally easier than ever before.
Diversifying away from developed economies also offers benefits. In advanced markets, many businesses offer similar products and services, making for stiff competition. Developing markets, however, can be less competitive and thus offer greater growth potential. A business may sell more wearable devices, for example, in an Asian country than in the entire U.S. market.
The counter-argument is that everything in the global economy is already interconnected so that spreading your money over different regions doesn’t provide the diversification benefit it once did. Additionally, many of the large companies you would be buying in, say, a U.S.-registered mutual fund already operate as multinationals.
Faster-growing economies may also involve elevated political risk, currency risk, and general market risk compared with developed economies.
Exchange rates, for example, are always in flux and could move against you. An investment in Japan, for instance, could fall in dollar terms if the yen weakens . However, investing in multiple currenciesanother way of diversifyingcan provide additional risk reduction.
Definitions Of Agriculture From Book Authors
1. Agriculture is the systematic raising of useful plants and livestock under the management of man .
2. Agriculture is the growth of both plants and animals for human needs .
3. Agriculture is the deliberate effort to modify a portion of Earths surface through the cultivation of crops and the raising of livestock for sustenance or economic gain. .
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What Is A Simple Definition Of Geography
Geography is the study of places and the relationships between people and their environments. Geographers explore both the physical properties of Earths surface and the human societies spread across it. Geography seeks to understand where things are found, why they are there, and how they develop and change over time.
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What Does Connectivity Mean In Human Geography
Besides, what is connectivity in geography?
Connectivity is the extent flows of passengers or freight from a node can reach other nodes either directly or indirectly through another node. It draws from conventional graph theory, which investigates the arrangement of nodes and links in networks.
One may also ask, what is connection in human geography? Connections. Definition. Relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space.
Likewise, what is an example of connectivity in human geography?
Example: In an water distribution system, connectivity would refer to the way pipes, valves, and reservoirs are attached, implying that water could be “traced” from its source in the network, from connection to connection, to any given final point.
What is connectivity in transport?
Connectivity refers to the density of connections in path or road networks, and the directness of links. A well-connected network has many short links, numerous intersections, and minimal dead-ends .
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Figure 3 Us Concentration Index 1900 To 2005
Contrary to the U.S. experience, the population in the state of Indiana is becoming more concentrated and less evenly distributed, with growing disparities in density. In 1900, the concentration index for Indiana was 19.6 percent. In 2004, the latest date for which we have data, that index stood at 41.8 percent . Down from its peak in 1970, the CI for Indiana is rising again, indicating that an increase in the concentration of population is returning after a brief spurt of sprawl from 1970 to 1980. This finding is contrary to our common belief that population in the state is spreading out, sprawling over the countryside. Yet, as we will see, the process of redistribution is not universal among the states 92 counties.
Knowledge Gaps And Data Needs
As the populations of the United States and other countries have aged, it has become increasingly evident that the distribution and redistribution of the elderly population entail important public policy consequences. Jurisdictions that contain above-average concentrations of the elderly are faced with planning and policy requirements that are different from those of areas with lower concentrations of the elderly . Substantial net inter-area transfers of the elderly have implications for population growth, age structure, and the provision of health and social benefits. Although the demographic, economic, and public policy significance of migration and population redistribution among the elderly has grown increasingly clear, this importance has yet to be matched by research output focusing on some of the issues that have emerged.
Suggested Citation:Demography of Aging
demographic factors make for population aging, especially at subnational levels of geography.
The second major gap occurs at the level of individual migration behavior. The lack of detailed longitudinal data about migration, retirement, and health has prevented to this point the adequate testing of hypotheses devel-
Suggested Citation:Demography of AgingSuggested Citation:Demography of Aging
provide the kinds of detailed life history data that will allow stronger inferences to be drawn about causal relationships between life events and migration behavior among the elderly.
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Geographic Concentration Migration And Population Redistribution Among The Elderly
Frank D. Bean, George C. Myers, Jacqueline L. Angel, and Omer R. Galle
This chapter examines what is known about patterns of geographic distribution of the elderly population, focusing mainly on the United States. At a national level, the general pattern of population aging around which spatial variations occur is relatively well known. From 1980 to 1990 the population of the United States increased by 9.8 percent, while among those aged 65 years or older, the increase was substantially greater . Hence, as a result of its more rapid growth, the population aged 65 and over increased from 11.3 percent of the total U.S. population in 1980 to 12.6 percent in 1990 . In the future, the U.S. population is expected to continue to age slowly for the next several years and then to age more rapidly as the large birth cohorts of the ”baby-boom” years begin to reach retirement . Bureau of the Census population projections forecast that the proportion of the population aged 65 and over will grow to 13.2 percent by 2010 and then jump to 20.2 percent in 2030 .
The occurrence and effects of aging are not evenly experienced throughout the country. The public policy implications of population aging are felt not
The authors gratefully acknowledge the research assistance of Jiwon Jeon and Kyung Tae Park, as well as helpful comments from Glenn Fuguitt, Larry Long, William Serow, Alden Speare, and Cynthia Taeuber.
Suggested Citation:Demography of AgingSuggested Citation:
How Does Culture Impact Development
Child development is a dynamic, interactive process. Children growing up in different cultures receive specific inputs from their environment. For that reason, theres a vast array of cultural differences in childrens beliefs and behaviour. Language is one of the many ways through which culture affects development. ,
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Review Of Other Definitions Of Agriculture
It is admitted that no definition can be exacting for everybody and for all purposes. Nevertheless, I find this elucidation on what is agriculture especially convenient is where its coverage is limited to crop production and livestock production even knowing that some definitions include fisheries, forestry, and other activities. Further, the science of agriculture is dynamic.
Considering that the simplest way to answer the question What is Agriculture? is to provide a definition, here are some from various authorities:
Temperature Inversion: Meaning Types And Significance
In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Meaning of Temperature Inversion 2. Types of Temperature Inversion 3. Significance.
Meaning of Temperature Inversion:
Temperature decreases with increasing altitudes in the troposphere at an average rate of 6.5°C per 1000 metres but sometimes this normal trend of decrease of temperature with increasing heights is reversed under special circumstances i.e., temperature increases upward upto a few kilometres from the earths surface. This is called negative lapse rate.
Thus, warm air layer lies over cold air layer. This phenomenon meteorologically is called inversion of temperature. Such situation may occur near the earths surface or at greater height in the troposphere but the inversion of temperature near the earths surface is of very short duration because the radiation of heat from the earths surface during daytime warms up the cold air layer which soon disappears and temperature inversion also disappears.
On the other hand, upper air temperature inversion lasts for longer duration because the warming of cold air layer aloft through terrestrial radiation takes relatively longer period of hours.
Types of Temperature Inversion:
Inversion of temperature occurs in several conditions. Sometimes, it occurs at ground surface while some times, it occurs at greater height. Sometimes, it is caused in the static atmospheric conditions while some times, it occurs due to horizontal or vertical movement of air.
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How Do You Explain Geography To A Child
Geography is a science that deals with Earths surface. People who study geography are called geographers. Geographers are interested in Earths physical features, such as mountains, deserts, rivers, and oceans. They are also interested in the ways that people affect and are affected by the natural world.
Figure 6 Year Concentration Peaked In Indiana Counties
Between 1900 and 2000, the concentration index for 83 counties increased, led by Warrick and Hendricks counties. Only nine counties had decreased population concentration in that period with Marion and Floyd showing the greatest declines. But when we focus only on the second half of the century , we find that 37 counties had declining concentration indices while the remaining 55 counties were becoming more concentrated . By the last decade of the 20th century, 51 counties had decreased concentration measures.
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Which Countries Are In The Temperate Zone
4.1/5Countries that lie in the temperate zone are as follows:
- United States of America.
This type of climate is normally located along leeward lower east coast continents such as in southeast and central Argentina, Uruguay and south of Brazil, the southeast portions of east Asia, the southern United States, South Africa, and eastern Australia.
Likewise, what is temperate zone in geography? the part of the earths surface lying between the tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle in the Northern Hemisphere or between the tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle in the Southern Hemisphere, and characterized by having a climate that is warm in the summer, cold in the winter, and moderate in the spring and
Regarding this, where is the temperate zone?
In broadest sense, the temperate zone encompasses the areas of Earth that lie between the tropical zone and the polar zones. The temperate zone is sometimes called the mid-latitudes because they exist roughly between 30 degrees and 60 degrees north and south latitude.
What happens in the temperate zone?
In geography, temperate latitudes of the Earth lie between the subtropics and the polar circles. Average yearly temperatures in these regions are not extreme, not burning hot nor freezing cold. Temperate means moderate. Unlike in the tropics, temperatures can change greatly here, between summer and winter.
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What Is Culture And Its Importance
In addition to its intrinsic value, culture provides important social and economic benefits. With improved learning and health, increased tolerance, and opportunities to come together with others, culture enhances our quality of life and increases overall well-being for both individuals and communities. ,
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Conventional Wisdom On Location Decisions Of Firms
Location theory forms a central element in regional economics and economic geography. Location and trade were already regarded by the grandfather of economics, Adam Smith, as two interwoven phenomena: location impacts on trade flows and trade impacts on location decisions.
In the history of economics a great variety of contributions on the nature, motives, and implications of the location of production can be found. We will offer only a few examples here from this rich history.
The location and land use in agricultural production was studied extensively by Von Thünen , by using a simple profit maximization scheme for spatial product choices, as a function of revenues, product types, and transport costs. He was able to demonstrate the existence of a set of concentric rings of agricultural products, based on Ricardian comparative cost theory leading to product specialization. Von Thünen’s rent theory has formed the basis for the urban land rent theory, which has become a central focus in urban economics
The location of industrial firms was investigated by Weber by looking for a cost minimizing location solution of a new firm on the basis of resource inputs and product outputs . This intriguing and complex question was solved by Weber by using a triangular force field of input and output points, within which the optimal location has to be found.
D. Spain, in, 2001