## Remember Concepts Not Formulae

Before you go off thinking that formulae are not important, thatâs not what it means! For people who find it difficult to remember numbers and formulae, weâre saying that it is easier to internalise the logic behind the formulae rather than memorise it straight.

Putting the formulae into words and scenarios is a more intuitive way for some people. So, if you find it easier to make up little stories or examples to help you remember the formulae, go ahead!

## Snapshot: What Dyscalculia Is

Dyscalculia is a condition that makes it hard to do math and tasks that involve math. Its not as well known or as understood as dyslexia. But some experts believe its just as common. That means an estimated 5 to 10 percent of people might have dyscalculia.

Its not clear whether dyscalculia is as common in girls as in boys. Most experts think theres no difference.

There are different terms for dyscalculia. Mathematics learning disability is one. Mathematics learning disorder is another. Some people call it math dyslexia or number dyslexia. This can be misleading. Dyslexia is a challenge with reading. Dyscalculia is a challenge with math.

People dont outgrow dyscalculia. Kids who have a hard time with math may continue to struggle with it as adults. But there are strategies that can help them improve math skills and manage the challenges.

Difficulty with math happens at all levels. It can be as hard to learn addition as it is to learn algebra. Basic concepts like quantities can also be a challenge.

Thats why dyscalculia can make it hard to do everyday tasks. Cooking, grocery shopping, and getting places on time all involve these basic math skills, which are known as number sense.

## Why Do So Many People Detest Maths

Distaste, or even fear, of mathematics is surprisingly commonplace. In his book *One, Two, Three*, mathematician David Berlinski says this can be attributed to the central role played by arcane symbols, which demand great attention and provide no obvious pay-off. If youve ever asked yourself: How is learning algebra going to help me in real life?, then you know the feeling. In mathematics, something must be invested before anything is gained, writes Berlinski, and what is gained is never quite so palpable as what has been invested.

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## How To Be Good At Mathematics

This article was co-authored by Ronitte Libedinsky, MS. Ronitte Libedinsky is an Academic Tutor and the Founder of Brighter Minds SF, a San Francisco, California based company that provides one-on-one and small group tutoring. Specializing in tutoring mathematics and science , Ronitte has over 10 years of experience tutoring to middle school, high school, and college students. She also tutors in SSAT, Terra Nova, HSPT, SAT, and ACT test prep. Ronitte holds a BS in Chemistry from the University of California, Berkeley, and an MS in Chemistry from Tel Aviv University.There are 11 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. This article received 73 testimonials and 86% of readers who voted found it helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. This article has been viewed 1,064,731 times.

## The Benefits Of Learning How To Learn

**You Are Confident Because You Know Which Learning Style Works Best For You**

Did you know that not everyone learns in the same way?

People generally have 3 different types of learning preferences i.e. the way they process and remember new information.

Some people are visual learners they can retain images and translate information into mental pictures in their heads that are easier to recall.

Others learn better by listening to information , while some individuals learn better when theyre moving around, taking things apart and putting them back together, actively interacting with the environment .

Knowing your learning style helps you figure out how you understand, retain, and recall information best. Once you understand this, you can find ways to combine learning styles, and accelerate your learning.

This means that, rather than dedicating hours and hours to a type of learning that doesnt get through to you, you can optimize your learning in the way that best feeds information to your brain.

Depending on your learning style, you could be doing a chunk of your learning listening to recordings, or drawing mind-maps, or through interactive online activities. It also lets you play off your strengths and know where to minimize your weaknesses.

Learning becomes easier and more fun when you know how to learn.

**You Know How to Retain Information Longer**

Thats because your brain doesnt stay in the same gear the whole time youre learning.

This leads into our next point

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## You’re Probably Not As Bad At Math As You Think You Might Just Be Traumatised

I teach people how to teach math, and I’ve been working in this field for 30 years.

Across those decades, I’ve met many people who suffer from varying degrees of math trauma a form of debilitating mental shutdown when it comes to doing mathematics.

When people share their stories with me, there are common themes. These include someone telling them they were “not good at math,” panicking over timed math tests, or getting stuck on some math topic and struggling to move past it. The topics can be as broad as fractions or an entire class, such as Algebra or Geometry.

The notion of who is and isn’t a math person drives the researchI do with my colleagues Shannon Sweeny and Chris Willingham with people earning their teaching degrees.

One of the biggest challenges US math educators face is helping the large number of elementary teachers who are dealing with math trauma. Imagine being tasked with teaching children mathematics when it is one of your greatest personal fears.

Math trauma manifests as anxiety or dread, a debilitating fear of being wrong. This fear limits access to life paths for many people, including school and career choices.

While math trauma has multiple sources, there are some that parents and teachers have power to influence directly: outdated ideas of what it means to be good at math.

These include speed and accuracy, which were important in decades past when humans were actual computers.

So what can parents and teachers do to support fact fluency?

## It Can Be Tough To Diagnose

âOne of the problems, one of the challenges with dyscalculia, the reason that it hasnât gotten the same attention , is that it is a highly co-morbid disorder,â Price says. âOften, people who are bad at math are bad at a number of things.â

But while a diagnosis may be difficult to come by, treating a patient’s other conditions may also alleviate his or her dyscalculia. For example, one study of people with ADHD who both were and werenât dyscalculic found that putting them on a stimulant improved their calculating ability, but not their basic numerical skills.

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## Teachers Need To Emphasise That Mistakes Are Part Of The Learning Process Einar Skaalvik

Once you have it, it can be self-perpetuating. Worrying about it can make it worse, says Beilock, whose study of children between the ages of five and eight suggests maths anxiety might impede performance by taxing working memory. Since our ability to focus is limited, our attention gets divided when we do more than one task at a time, she says. If youre worried about having to do math, you may have an internal monologue saying you cant do this and at the same time youre trying to calculate numbers.

And when people have maths anxiety they tend to avoid the subject, research from 2019 shows. But since maths builds on itself, avoiding it makes it harder to catch up. Math is foundational. If you miss a certain idea, its harder to learn the next one, says Darcy Hallett. And then you can fall behind, which might make math more of a targeted anxiety compared to other topics.

**Teachers who love maths**

Avoiding maths at school might work for those choosing to specialise in other subjects. But society loses out if too many people, including some who could actually be good at maths, avoid taking maths-related university courses or pursuing maths-related careers.

In the US, both the private and government sectors are suffering from a lack of STEM workers, while other countries are also struggling to fill shortages. So, experts are looking at measures that can be taken to tackle maths anxiety at different times of life.

**Reducing the anxiety**

## If We Aren’t Helping Those Who Are Most Math Anxious Best Tackle Activities Involving Math Its Hard To See How Folks Can Live Up To Their Potential Sian Beilock

That means that if youre feeling stressed before a maths exam, it may help to spend a few minutes exploring those feelings before the exam begins. Its about making sure youre interpreting your feelings correctly, Beilock says. Just because you have a fast heartbeat and sweaty palms, that does not necessarily mean you will fail.

Some higher education providers offer classes to address maths anxiety. Montgomery College, a public community college in Maryland, has offered a class dedicated to overcoming maths phobia and building confidence for several years. John Hamman, a maths professor, says the course explores where the anxiety comes from and teaches coping strategies. One thing we focus on is mindset. A lot of students come in with a fixed mindset specifically to math and the belief that you are either good at it or not. We talk a lot about the importance of effort, he says.

Greater exposure to maths including in the home environment can help students, research suggests

Of course, there will always be people who will want to avoid maths at all cost. But those people might benefit the most from tackling the anxiety caused by numbers, according to Beilock. Math is part of everyday life, she says. If we aren’t helping those who are most math anxious best tackle activities involving math, its hard to see how folks can live up to their potential.

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## Maths In Computer Science Isnt The Monster You Think It Is

So, your fear of math is likely not a result of your inability to do it. Youve probably just had bad experiences which have led you to overthink its difficulty.

And while mathematical thinking underpins computing and programming concepts, the complexity with which its applied can also be overexaggerated. You will have to learn subjects like Calculus, Algebraic Methods, Trigonometry, Probability and Statistics. However, some aspects of Computer Science are more math heavy than others.

This can influence your future career choice, as you explore each avenue and discover the areas which you enjoy. For instance, Software Developers for the most part need basic algebra or Boolean logic. Whereas a Machine Learning Engineer or Data Scientist uses more advanced math like linear algebra, multivariable calculus and probability theory.

But dont go writing off half of the curriculum just yet. You need to consider how different your use of math is going to be this time around. Just because you didnt excel at it in school doesnt necessarily mean you wont pick it up now.

Bear in mind that youre now using math to solve problems and apply logic to something youre interested in computers. This alone can put things into a new perspective for you. If its the key to exploring something you find fascinating, youre going to have a more vested interest to learn.

## Dyscalculia Is Represented In Pop Culture

While dyslexic characters are much more common in popular culture, there are some examples of dyscalculics to be found. Fans of Canadian teen drama *Degrassi: The Next Generation* may remember Liberty Van Zandt having it, and *X-Men* fans may know that Wolverine’s sidekick Jubilee is a whiz at manipulating pyrotechnics but not numbers.

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## Advanced Knowledge Of Physics Mathematics And The Scientific Method:

- Conduct experiments and research scientific data.
- Collect and classify information and discoveries obtained through experiments and research.
- Analyze and document information.

- Use specialized software and use special equipment to collect, interpret and classify information.
- Design and develop digital models and simulations.

## How To Help: Connect Math To Real Life Scenarios

Show your child how math relates to real-world scenarios in order to spark his or her interest in the subject. If you have any relatives or friends who work with numbers for their career, ask them to talk to your child about their job the next time they visit. You can also point out how math plays a part in everyday life like when totalling up groceries and telling time.

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## Teacher Held Up My F In Algebra And Told The Whole Class I Was Stupid

One day, I got my first test back. If I had been the only one to see my failing grade, it would have been bad enough, but that wasnt the case on this particular day.

My teacher decided to call me up and hold up my big red F on my paper for the whole class to see.

He said, You are stupid in math, Pat, and youll never get it!

Wow! As a teacher today, its hard to imagine harming a child like that. I remember I sobbed quietly in the bathroom after that class and stayed in my room when I got home from school that day.

Im not sure that saying that my teacher damaged me, is was close enough to how humiliated I felt. Whats worse is that the pain haunted me for years, and certainly affected my grades in any future math courses.

But I want you to know, that there is a way for you and every student to overcome feeling dumb at math. It works for every subject and once you learn this, youll never feel badly about learning again.

After I became a teacher, I was on a quest to make sure that none of my students would ever feel like I did in math.

Once I discovered how to do this for sure, I started using this same method to train other teachers how to help their students learn anything successfully.

## Debunking The Bad At Math Myth

There are lots of reasons to dislike something, but in the case of math, the biggest one is a perceived lack of natural skills. This is where a pernicious myth often sneaks in. Its a common belief that people are *inherently* good or bad at math. At best, this is a major over-exaggeration at worst, it perpetuates harmful stereotypes and discourages children who struggle with math from trying to outgrow their I suck at math mentality.

Think about it: imagine youre struggling to understand a mathematics concept. You ask your teacher or your parents for help, telling them that youre struggling to understand. Trying to reassure you, they say, Its okay that you suck at math some people are just born that way.

Although they had good intentions, all theyve really done is encourage a fatalistic outlook. Once this happens, you might even start to self-identify as someone who is bad at math, and stop trying to get better. From there, its a slippery slope towards believing that youve always been bad at learning math concepts , so that the story you tell about yourself better matches your I suck at math identity.

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## Conflict Of Interest Statement

The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.

###### References

Wu, S. S., Barth, M., Amin, H., Malcarne, V., and Menon, V. 2012. Math anxiety in second and third graders and its relation to mathematics achievement. Front. Psychol. 3:111. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00162

Ma, X. 1999. A meta-analysis of the relationship between anxiety toward mathematics and achievement in mathematics. J. Res. Math. Educ. 30:52040. doi:10.2307/749772

Ramirez, G., Gunderson, E. A., Levine, S. C., and Beilock, S. L. 2013. Math anxiety, working memory, and math achievement in early elementary school. J. Cogn. Dev. 14:187202. doi:10.1080/15248372.2012.664593

Beilock, S. L., Gunderson, E. A., Ramirez, G., and Levine, S. C. 2010. Female teachers math anxiety affects girls math achievement. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 107:18603. doi:10.1073/pnas.0910967107

Young, C. B, Wu, S. S., and Menon, V. 2012. The neurodevelopmental basis of math anxiety. Psychol. Sci. 23:492501. doi:10.1177/0956797611429134

Park, D., Ramirez, G., and Beilock, S. L. 2014. The role of expressive writing in math anxiety. J. Exp. Psychol. Appl. 20:10311. doi:10.1037/xap0000013

## Sometimes Being Bad At Math Is Being Scared Of Them

How many times has it happened to you that when you take an algebra, trigonometry or calculus exam, you start to get nervous? Maybe your hands are sweaty, your heart starts to beat faster, or you even feel a hole in your stomach.

As a student, tests can be scary, and math can lead to anxiety or stressful episodes, especially when we think about the chances of failure. This causes that when thinking about arithmetic or algebra we are afraid to face them because we believe that we are not good at doing it.

However, the more anxiety they cause us, the effect will intensify and the worse we will develop, reaffirming our false beliefs. Its necessary to get out of the circle and show ourselves that the limitation is in our mind and it is fear, not a lack of skills.

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