Seeking Understanding In Imitation
Bråten , Nagy , and Reddy outline a larger context for understanding imitation, suggesting that it is a primitive dialog, not simply a conduit for passing on expertise, as cultural anthropologists often treat it. Infants initiate actions in an apparent attempt to provoke parents into reacting. These provocations are marked by heart deceleration , unlike imitative responses, which show heart acceleration . The child and the adult see the other as caring what the other does, and as being open to what the other has to offer. Infants are sensitive to whether others are looking at them or away, and prefer direct visual engagement . Adult and child have to sense an openness and obligation to each other that is emotional, that indicates I take you the way you are and that anticipates what the other might do next . It is this promise of learning together that encourages people to conform to parents, teachers, and colleagues, as well as to challenge and test them in a dialog that appears to begin even before children can speak .
Relative Size Of Objects
Ebbinghaus illusion: The Ebbinghaus illusion illustrates how the perception of size is altered by the relative sizes of other objects. The two center circles are the same size, though they may be perceived to be different sizes.
Size and distance of objects are also determined in relation to each other. Visual cues develop in the early years of life. Convergence upon a single point is another visual cue that provides information about distance. As objects move farther away into the distance, they converge into a single point. An example of this can be seen in the image of train tracks disappearing into the distance.
Optical illusions, such as the Ebbinghaus illusion, show how our perception of size is altered by the relative sizes of other objects around us. In the Ebbinghaus illusion, the size of the center circles is the same, but looks different due to the size of the surrounding circles.
What Are The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Technological Convergence
Technological convergence results in greater benefits from increased diversity in products and services in the telecommunication industry. Using IP technology that connects all telecommunication services with a single network, companies can add services to their previous ones, without new investments in infrastructure.
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S Toward Convergence: Evolutionary Psychology’s Saga Continues
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Let us not ask whether the brain is really a biological computer. The more productive question is whether it is useful to think of the brain as a computer, one designed by evolution to solve problems of adaptation via specialized circuits and architecture. Does this biocomputational approach, pioneered by Leda Cosmides and John Tooby and then developed and expanded by them and others lead to theory and research that further our understanding of human behavior? Critics notwithstanding , the evidence of the article in this issue of PNAS , indeed, of the myriad books and research papers produced by the CosmidesTooby school of thought, is yes. But, of course, there are caveats.
What Is Convergence Insufficiency
Convergence insufficiency is a condition in which a persons eyes have a tendency to drift outward when looking at objects at near distances, and their ability to converge is inadequate. People with CI may have symptoms when trying to perform near-based activities such as reading, working on a computer or smart phone, watching video, or playing video games. Symptoms include performance-related problems and eye-related symptoms . CI is not a condition caused by a muscle weakness. Instead, in CI the neuromuscular ability to compensate for the poor convergence is abnormal.
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What Are The Benefits Of Anticipation
We all need something to look forward to in life. In fact, a healthy sense of âanticipationâ can often help energize our lives, and even help us get through tough times. While living in the present is a very beneficial thing â sometimes the present can feel a bit annoying, frustrating, tedious, or intolerable.
What Is Occlusion In Psychology
Additionally to know is, what is occlusion in notion?
Introduction: Notion of Occlusion Occasions. Throughout movement, visible objects bear substantial modifications in look. They modify dimension, form, and place with respect to the background . Circle turns into partially occluded, and its picture form modifications. Circle turns into fully occluded.
Subsequently, query is, what is convergence in psychology? Binocular cues discuss with these depth cues in which each eyes are wanted to understand. There are two vital binocular cues convergence and retinal disparity. Convergence refers to the truth that the nearer an object, the extra inward our eyes want to show in order to focus.
Equally, what occlusion imply?
Definition of occlusion. 1 : the act of occluding : the state of being occluded: resembling. a : the whole obstruction of the breath passage in the articulation of a speech sound. b : the bringing of the opposing surfaces of the tooth of the 2 jaws into contact additionally : the relation between the surfaces when in contact.
What is an occluded object?
Some examples: If youre growing a system which tracks objects then occlusion happens if an object you might be monitoring is hidden by one other object. Like two individuals strolling previous one another, or a automobile that drives below a bridge.
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Convergence Theory: An Explanation Of Psychology Of The Individual In Crowds
Many explanations of collective behavior, rather than considering the processes that transform a wide variety of people so that they will act similarly, suggest that the members of the collective may have been similar to one another from the very startthat it was their similarities that prompted them to join the collective in the first place.
Convergence theory is an explanation of collective behavior Opens in new window assuming that individuals with similar needs, values, or goals tend to converge to form a single group. Convergence theory argues that the behavior of a crowd is not an emergent property of the crowd but is a result of like-minded individuals coming together.
For example, if a crowd becomes violent , convergence theory would argue that this is not because the crowd encouraged violence but rather because people who wanted to become violent came together in the crowd.
Convergence theory proposes that individuals who join rallies, riots, movements, crusades, and the like all possess particular personal characteristics that influence their group-seeking tendencies. Such aggregations are not haphazard gatherings of dissimilar strangers rather, they represent the convergence of people with compatible needs, desires, motivations, and emotions.
Convergence theory, with its emphasis on the distinctive characteristics of the individuals who seek out membership in a collective, explains why only some people take part in social movements Opens in new window.
Examples Of Convergence In A Sentence
convergenceconvergence Forbesconvergence Los Angeles Timesconvergence Star Tribuneconvergence Anchorage Daily NewsconvergenceRobb ReportconvergenceVultureconvergenceForbesconvergence The Salt Lake Tribune
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word ‘convergence.’ Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
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Old Meets New And The Whole Promises To Be Greater Than The Parts
Dear Convergence SIG members and friends:
Welcome to our new blog! Our goal is to establish a communication hub to foster focused discussion with an ongoing record of the exchange. The Convergence group is a special interest group of the Society for the Exploration of Psychotherapy Integration , but the expressed views here may not represent SEPI. Thanks also to Psychology Today for hosting our group.
As many have pointed out, most recently Marvin Goldfried in his 2019 American Psychologist article on consensus, the missing piece in psychotherapy integration has been a widely held understanding of how therapy works to foster change. The SIG was formed to take advantage of new science converging with traditional and recent thinking to help fill in what we are calling the common infrastructure of psychotherapy.
Although there are, of course, many differences and disputes within the field, the SIG Steering Committee believes the time is ripe for filling in longstanding knowledge gaps with more general principles that converge across many domains of thought and inquiry. We see our mission as identifying those principles and exploring how we might tie them together with existing theory into a coherent picture to address the following three questions:
Best wishes and we hope you are all safe.
Validity And Clinical Utility Of The Structural Interview
The convergent validity of the structural diagnosis has been supported in studies that show that measures of the structural diagnosis from the structural interview are positively correlated with related constructs such as DSM personality disorders diagnoses, personality pathology, and use of primitive defence mechanisms, as assessed by a variety of methods, such as structured interviews, batteries of psychological testing and self-report questionnaires .
Delroy L. Paulhus, Daniel N. Jones, in, 2015
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Why Media Convergence A Trend Cannot Be Done Away
Why media convergence is a trend? **Media convergence** is a phenomenon that interconnects or merges the information technology with communication technology. It cannot be done away because it is the result of the advent of technology as industries and other forms of human institutions advances into digitization.
What Is The Purpose Of Convergent Thinking
Convergent thinking emphasizes speed, accuracy, and logic and focuses on recognizing the familiar, reapplying techniques, and accumulating stored information. It is most effective in situations where an answer readily exists and simply needs to be either recalled or worked out through decision making strategies.
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Does Hypothesis Intuitiveness Matter
Here is a small point: Some reviewers privilege the counterintuitive hypothesis, dismissing the intuitive with trivial, we already knew that. Are Sell, Tooby, and Cosmides simply using complex language to make commonsense predictions? They would argue, to the contrary, that frequent anger is often labeled a sign of weakness or even of pathology rather than an attribute of the already advantaged. In fact, however, folk wisdom tends to take the contrary view, seeing the strong and attractive as often self-centered and selfish. This folk observation, if accurate, would be consonant with the theory and findings summarized in the previous paragraph. Let us ignore that possible fact. The degree to which a hypothesis is or is not consistent with folk wisdom or intuition is not ordinarily relevant to a scientific evolutionary psychology: if we accept that human intelligence is largely a social intelligence and a product of social competition then it would be surprising indeed if folk wisdom was not sometimes accurate.
Traits that we may find unsavory are nevertheless also products of our evolutionary history.
How Media Convergence Affect Communication
Digital media convergence enables news to be delivered quickly to the public. With the help of social networking sites, the public can interact with the media in a much more efficient way. … The digital age does not have to mean a loss of jobs but instead the moving of jobs from one media channel to another.
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The Reverse Situation: Evolutionary Divergence
As we have mentioned, there are species which, although not related, quickly develop limbs and organs with similar functions. But, in addition, in nature the opposite situation can occur, that is to say that two or more organisms with a common ancestor modify some of their common traits, Adapt to environmental requirements. This phenomenon, called evolutionary divergence, is one of the most studied cases in the limbs of mammals.
For example, if we compare the arm of humans, the wings of bats, the hooves of horses and the claws of tigers, we will see that they are very different. Our hands are used to grabbing things, the wings of bats to fly, the hooves of horses to walk, and the claws of tigers to attack and tear flesh.
These species have one ancestor in common, from which we have inherited the same bones in the limbs, but with some differences in their shape. Evolutionary divergence has been the phenomenon that has given each species a different function.
What Is Convergence In Anatomy
Convergence/Divergence. One postsynaptic cell receives convergent input from a number of different presynaptic cells and any individual neuron can make divergent connections to many different postsynaptic cells. Convergence allows a neuron to receive input from many neurons in a network. Lateral inhibition.
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Convergence Vs Linear Perspective
I choose to look at the concept of perceptual organization. Specifically, the idea of convergence perspective and linear perspective. Depth perception gives us the ability to judge distances and there are two types of cues involved. One type is binocular cues which uses both eyes to judge distances and perspectives. Convergence cues is categorized as a binocular cue since it involves the use of both eyes. Another cue used in depth perception is monocular cues which uses one eye. Linear perspective is categorized under monocular cues. These two types of cues have the potential to be easily confused as they both involve focusing on a point of convergence. However, these two cues are vastly different.
As mentioned above convergence is a binocular cue. When you use the convergence depth cue both of your eyes move together to focus on an object that is in close proximity. The further the distance of the object the farther apart your eyes are. According to the Psychology textbook by Professor Wede convergence cues are used on objects that are within 50 feet of us. An example of convergence that you can do is to try to look at the tip of your nose. You will be able to feel both of your eyes focusing on your nose. If you want to be able to experience the gradual process of your eyes converging place one finger at an arms width and focus your eyes on it as you slowly bring it closer to your nose and you should be able to notice your eyes slowly converging.
What Is The Connection Between Divergent Thinking And Creativity
The word divergent is partly defined as âtending to be different or develop in different directions.â Divergent thinking refers to the way the mind generates ideas beyond proscribed expectations and rote thinkingâwhat is usually referred to thinking outside the box, and is often associated with creativity.
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What Is Convergence Psychology
Medically Reviewed By: Tanya Harell
Our eyes are quite complex. There is a reason why some people refer to them as the windows to the soul. They are expressive, and they allow us to see the world around us. With that said, how our eyes operate is a subject in psychology that is quite intriguing. Convergence is an incredibly complex and interesting concept. But before we can understand convergence, we must first look at human perception.
What Is Perception?
It’s said that life is how you perceive it, and perception describes just that. Perception is the creation of experience through our five senses. It is how we make sense of the world around us. While most animals have a vision and a way to see the world, how we see the world is much different, making us unique. There are many different theories in psychology and other sciences that try to explain how perception works. We shall look at a few of them. We all touch, taste, smell, and have other senses, and we interpret them in a way that is quite interesting.
Gestalt psychology believes that the entire body is much stronger than the different parts that make it up. Gestalt is German for “whole,” and that’s what the Gestalt theory looks at: the whole of your body. The theory is that we take the information we have as a whole and organize it into particular groups. This ability has several uses.
Perception And Constancy
Distance And Perception
Transmission Of Visual Information
Visual information travels from the eye to the brain as follows:
- Light reflected from an object hits the retinas rods and cones.
- Rods and cones send neural signals to the bipolar cells.
- Bipolar cells send signals to the ganglion cells.
- Ganglion cells send signals through the optic nerve to thebrain.
Bipolar and ganglion cells gather and compress information from a largenumber of rods and cones. The rods and cones that send information to aparticular bipolar or ganglion cell make up that cells receptive field.
Ganglion cell axons from the inner half of each eye cross over to theopposite half of the brain. This means that each half of the brain receivessignals from both eyes. Signals from the eyes left sides go to the left side ofthe brain, and signals from the eyes right sides go to the right side of thebrain. The diagram below illustrates this process.
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Why Do People With Ci Have Difficulty Focusing On Near Objects
To see objects as clear, single images, our brains merge information from both eyes. The process requires that the eyes converge and focus on the same point. As objects move closer to the face, the eyes must turn inward to maintain convergence and eye alignment. Most people can converge on objects as close as 2.5 centimeters from the nose. But people with CI can have trouble converging and maintaining eye alignment when looking at near objects. People with CI often experience blurry or double vision, eye strain, and discomfort when reading or doing near work activities over a long period of time.