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What Is Human Environment In Geography

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What is Human Geography? Crash Course Geography #28

Geography has a long tradition of humanenvironment studies focused on land and landscape, the modern origins of which are registered by the nineteenth-century German geographic traditions of landschaft , which can be linked to the search for the unity in nature as articulated by Alexander von Humboldt and other students of natural history. The legacies of this vision, some taken to detrimental extremes, range in orientation from the sciences to the humanities as exemplified by the nineteenth-century French geography of Vidal de la Blache, and the twentieth-century geographic factor of Ellen Churchill Semple and Ellsworth Huntington, the cultural landscape of Carl Sauer, and the human ecology and natural hazards of Harlan Barrows and Gilbert White.

E.S. Norman, D. Carr, in, 2009

Use Of Natural Resources

Natural resources, such as oil, metals and timber, play a significant role in humans day-to-day lives. The demand for natural resources continues to increase as the global population keeps growing.

Natural resources can be non-renewable or renewable. Non-renewable resources are limited in supply and cannot be used sustainably. The four major non-renewable resources are oil, natural gas, coal and nuclear energy.

Renewable resources will replenish to replace the portion depleted by usage and consumption, either through natural reproduction or other recurring processes in a finite amount of time. Renewable resources include solar energy, hydropower and wind energy.

The extraction of non-renewable natural resources is concerning because these resources cannot be renewed or replaced. In addition, fossil fuels have played a key role in globalization and resulted in climate modification.

Check out our other article post on how to conserve natural resources.

What Are The Problems With Deforestation

Deforestation causes more than the loss of trees for fuel, building materials, paper products, or manufacturing. Another related issue in the deforestation equation is soil erosion. Without the trees to hold the soil during heavy rains, soils are eroded away, leaving the ground in an unproductive state. In tropical areas, soils are often degraded and lack nutrients. Most of the nutrients in the tropical areas rest in decaying material at the base of the trees that supplies energy back into the ecosystem. Once the trees are removed, there is little replenishing of this energy supply. Soil erosion in tropical areas makes it hard for forests to grow back once they have been removed. Landslides can be a more severe component of the soil erosion problem. After heavy rainfall, entire hillsides saturated with water can slide downward, causing serious structural damage to buildings, homes, and agricultural plots. Tree roots help hold hillsides together and therefore help prevent landslides.

Forest ecosystems provide for a diverse community of organisms. Tropical rain forests are one of the most vibrant ecosystems on the planet. Their abundant biodiversity can provide insight into untapped solutions for the future. Plants and organisms in these habitats may hold the key to medical or biological breakthroughs, but wildlife and vegetation will be lost as deforestation eliminates their habitat and accelerates the extinction of endangered species.

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What Is Human Environment Long Answer

The human environment is concerned with people who live in different environments their activities and the environmental features which they have created. We also look at the interdependence of people in the local community-this is developed from the infant classes looking at those who help us in the locality.

The Emergence Of National Schools: The Role Of Human Geography In Germany And France


Human geography appeared in the 1880s and 1890s. Ratzel coined the term anthropogeographie in 1882. French geographers began to speak of la géographie humaine from 1895.

Human distributions were studied by geographers since a long time. Thanks to the progress of ethnography and folklore studies, the knowledge of the diversity of tools, know-hows, techniques, and human settlements had much progressed from the beginning of the nineteenth century. Ritters position analysis did not stress only the role of atmospheric and oceanic currents in the shaping of the diversity of the Earth, it focused also on the significance of circulation and the role of steamships in contracting the Earths surface.

What motivated the birth of human geography as a semiautonomous field of enquiry within geography was, however, Darwins interpretation of evolution. Human geography was born as a kind of ecology of human groups in their relations to environments. The main aim of the new discipline was to answer a fundamental question: up to what point were human beings and human activities a reflection of environmental conditions? Human geography was born from a deterministic interpretation of man/milieu relationships.

A. Saldanha, in, 2009

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Background To Type Ii Agreements

During the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, held in Stockholm in June 1972, sustainable development as an aim had not yet been identified, but the significant impact of business in environmental matters certainly had been. Thirty years ago, business was viewed as a problem to be solved by nation-states, certainly not as a stakeholder to be involved in any negotiation on international environmental treaties. The private sector was practically unanimously perceived as being on the side of development, encouraging increasing consumption of natural resources and therefore against the environment almost by definition.

As the World Summit on Sustainable Development 2002 approached, the Preparatory Committee began to realize that a new type of agreement would be necessary at Johannesburg to enable implementation of sustainable development objectives. The low level of implementation since Rio was noted at the second session of the Preparatory Committee for the WSSD , which also recognized that the WSSD would be unlikely to achieve specific commitments between governments in that global political climate. An outline of the nature of a second type of partnership was prepared, inviting governments, international governmental organizations , and major nongovernmental organizations to put forward preliminary partnership proposals at the third and fourth Prepcoms.

What Is The Difference Between Human And Environment

Answer: The natural environment encompasses all living and non-living things occurring naturally on Earth. It is an environment that encompasses the interaction of all living species. Human environment is developed from the natural environment with the adaptation of human beings to their surroundings.

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Why Is Understanding Human

Understanding the dynamics within human-environment interactions is an integral aspect of developing sustainable solutions to environmental issues. Human behavior has historically altered local ecosystems to a tremendous extent. For example, according to a 2005 paper, human fire usage caused a major wave of extinction and ecological change during the Pleistocene Era. Identifying how our current actions could have similar impacts can help us change for the better.

On the flip side, understanding the effects of the Earths changing climate can inform how we choose to adapt to our new world. For example, according to the World Meteorological Organization, there are now five times as much extreme weather, climate, and water events as there were 50 years ago. Nonetheless, deaths have decreased thanks to improvements in early alert programs, which were developed in response to human needs. As you can see, understanding how our changing planet may affect us can help us plan for our futures as well.

Branches Of Human Geography:

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Human geography is a social science. The content of it provides integration for all the social sciences and develops close interface and relationship with other sister disciplines in social sciences in order to understand and explain human or cultural elements on the earths surface.

With the expansion of knowledge and specialization in particular fields, new subfields in different subjects emerge and it has also happened to human geography.

It is closely related to other social sciences because it belongs to the family of social science. Major sub-branches of human geography are as follows:

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Human Systems & The Environment

Humans play an integral role shaping landscapes. Teaching and research in Human Systems & Environment seeks to understand how human systems evolve, influence, and are influenced by this dynamic relationship.

At UNT, faculty and students in the HSE core draw on expertise in health, urban, economic, and social issues to contribute solutions to significant problems people currently face.

We conduct research around the world in such places as Canada, Mexico, Peru, Ghana, China and the Middle East. We specialize in urban and economic geography, GIS, medical geography, and human-environment interactions. Below are our HSE research interests by sub-area and faculty member.

Urban/Economic Geography

Global Events On Environment And Development Pre

The 1972 Stockholm Conference on the Human Environment was the predecessor to the Rio Earth Summit and one of the first mega conferences to tackle questions of environment and development at a global scale. One of main outcomes of the Stockholm Conference was the Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, which outlines a series of principles and proclamations that aims to both inspire and guide the peoples of the world in the preservation and enhancement of the human environment . Although the declaration clearly recognizes the sovereignty of each nation, stated under principle 21, it also strongly encourages each country to cooperate at an international scale to help protect and enhance the human environment. Finding the balance between state sovereignty and transnational responsibility was crucial to the success of the Stockholm talks and continues to play a fundamental role in negotiating global environmental governance regimes.

On 22 December 1989, the United Nations General Assembly called for a global meeting that would address the issues raised in the Brundtland Report. The aim of the meeting was to formulate strategies to stop and reverse the effects of global environmental degradation in the context of increased national and international efforts to promote sustainable and environmentally sound development in all countries. This meeting would come to be known as the Rio Earth Summit.

Carolyn N.M. DeLoyde, Warren E. Mabee, in, 2020

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Humans Adaptability To The Environment

Humans have to adjust to their environment to survive, even if the changes are small or large.

Humans, in general, are highly adaptable creatures with the capacity for rapid change, though not all humans have equal capacities as some. Some adapt better than others, but there is no doubt that every human can adjust to the changes they find in their environments.

Type A: Tropical Or Equatorial Climates

What is the Environment?

Figure 1.13

Tropical type A climates experience warm temperatures year round and a higher annual rainfall, such as this location in coastal Belize.

The humid tropical type A climate, usually found in the tropics, has warm temperatures year round with a high level of precipitation, typically in the form of rain. Type A climates have various subgroups that indicate how variably the rainfall is distributed throughout the year. Some type A climates produce a dry season and a wet season , while others receive consistent rainfall throughout the year.

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Scope Of Human Geography:

The central point of human geography is human or man. The circumference of this subject is all-embracing in terms of man-environment interactions but as a scientific discipline, it is to limit its contents so as to avoid wooliness. Many geographers have attempted this exercise in their own way but have failed to reach unanimity or consensus. It is mainly concerned with the spatial study of habitat, economy, and society of the human population living in various parts of the world.

What Is Human Geography

Defining human geography is especially difficult because of complicating factors like the relationship between human geography and geography the rather late professionalization of the discipline variations in human geography written in different languages and the difficulty of being able to identify definitive research questions, sequential paradigms, or key thinkers. It is tempting to define a common ground for human geography’s intellectual core , and wish to enforce this. Such a common ground might provide human geography with a sense of unity. But the reality of how human geography is practiced simply cannot sustain this. As David Livingstone so powerfully put it in The Geographical Tradition , The idea that there is some eternal metaphysical core to geography independent of historical circumstances will simply have to go.

Table 1. Contents of Progress in Human Geography, 19782007 numbers of articles by subdisciplinary themea


C. Gibson, G. Waitt, in, 2009

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Bad Effects Of Human Environmental Interactions

Excessive use of plastic containers is a human-environmental interaction that can cause problems to the health and environment. Other harmful human environments interactions are overconsumption of food or water, fossil fuel burning, nuclear fallout, and deforestation.

Timber cutting, sewage disposal, oil spillages, acid rain, and other damage can be caused by human-environmental interactions.

A terrible effect of a human-environmental interaction that would harm every type of environment is the use of nuclear weapons as a weapon of war.

Massive draining of rivers and lakes for transport needs is also one. This drains all the water, pollutes, kills creatures , and destroys their natural habitats.

Because of overfishing, many species are becoming extinct because they have been caught out faster than they can repopulate themselves.

Hungry people may have to cut down trees for wood or use paper, leading to acid rain. It could also hurt animals like birds that are killed when they fly into light poles.

Still, the good outweighs the bad because humans play a huge part in changing everything, no matter how big or small, instead of waiting for something terrible to happen that is out of your control. Humans can make these changes and make them better than what they already are.

What Is Environmental Geography

Human Effect On The Environment | Class 7 – Geography | Learn With BYJU’S

Physical, human

Environmental geography, also known as integrated geography, integrative geography, or human-environment geography, is the branch of geography that studies the interactions between humans and the natural world. It looks at how human societies understand and influence the environment.

Environmental geography is how we affect our surroundings e.g water pollution,oil spills,buses,cars,lorrys etc

Environmental geography requires an understanding of the dynamics of physical geography, as well as the ways that human societies conceptualize the environment . The links between human and physical geography are less obvious than they once were, because we are increasingly buffered from the world by technology.

Environmental geography provides important analytical tools for assessing the impact of humans on the environment, measuring the result of human activity on natural landforms and cycles. It is considered the third branch of geography, the other two being physical and human geography

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The Building And Expansion Of Cities And Roads

The building of homes, cities, and businesses sometimes requires cutting down trees and altering the land and environment. This also creates spaces where animals and plants can no longer live.

This is especially true in bigger urban cities such as New York City where so much has been covered with cement, and barely any natural green space exists anymore. This is not only destructive to the environment and animals, but it also can take a mental toll. Its been found that green spaces and water can have a positive impact on mental health.

Roads also run through natural habitats and can alter the environment and scare away or hurt animals. Also, the exhaust caused by cars traveling on these roads has a huge negative impact on the environment. Flying as well, in airplanes as a means of transportation, produces a lot of emissions.

What Is The Human Environment Interaction In Italy

People in Italy interact with the environment in many ways. For example because of the many hills people have to adapt and build different houses to fit on those hills. Some negative interactions are air pollution from sulfur dioxide emissions and water pollution from agricultural fertilizers and pesticides.

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What Is Human Environment Interaction

5/6B Class Blog: Geography Week

Human Environment Interaction “How do people depend upon, adapt to, and modify their environment?

  • depend on the environment to meet basic needs such as water, food, shelter and other resources.
  • adapt to their environments in the way they dress and the type of buildings they construct.
  • modify their environment by changing it by building roads, dams, skyscrapers as well as clearing land for different uses.

The earth’s landscape is no longer just a physical feature.

As a result, HEI can have positive and negative effects in shaping the landscape.

Humans influence the geography of places through their impact–positively and negatively–on their local environment.

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Why Human Environmental Interacts Matter

Humans modify the environment for their own purposes and benefits. Humans need to interact with the environment to get food, water, fuel and shelter.

Technological advancements and science have helped humans to exploit the environment, resulting in pollution and environmental damage.

Humans must be aware of the environmental impact that their interactions will have on the environment. The problems that humans cause can affect human activities, such as human health or socio-economic development.

How Does Human Environment Interaction Affect Life

It can influence your diet clothing shelter and way of life. In turn you can affect your environment. By using water recycling or even riding a bus to school you have an impact on the world around you. The relationship between human beings and the natural world is called human-environment interaction.

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Why Is Geography Important In School

The Importance of Geography â current statement It develops knowledge of places and environments throughout the world, an understanding of maps, and a range of investigative and problem solving skills both inside and outside the classroom. As such, it prepares pupils for adult life and employment.

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