Scope And Significance Of Oceanography And Marine Biology
The ocean covers more than 70% of the earths surface and contains 99% of the living space on our planet. So, it is important to understand the oceans better for preserving and protecting this complex ecosystem.
Scope of oceanography and marine biology are majorly in,
- Information from exploration studies is important to find new ocean resources, management, and conservation.
- Oceans produce more oxygen approximately 70% than the Amazon. Through oceanographic studies, we can establish the baseline information needed to better understand environmental change, fill gaps about rains and droughts, and the carbon cycle.
- Mangrove, Salt Marshes, Seagrass, Beds, and Coral Reefs support a large number of different species that is, the biodiversity of the ocean is high. Marine biological studies play a crucial role in identifying, classifying, and conserving this very same biodiversity.
- The continental shells and ocean floor are the storehouses of natural resources including gas oil.
- The oceans are equally important in the economy. Revenue related to the ocean is mainly from food, tourism, shipping, and biomedical products. Hence knowledge gained through scientific studies is vital to respond appropriately in the face of ocean disasters and to save the economy.
Molecular Genetics And Genetic Engineering
An area of biochemistry and molecular biology studies genes, their heritage, and their expression.
Molecularity is dedicated to the study of DNA and RNA mainly. It uses powerful tools and techniques in the study, such as PCR and its variants, mass sequencers, translation, transcription-commercial kits for extracting DNA and RNA, processes in-vitro and in-vivo, restriction enzymes, and DNA ligases, and the mechanisms of basal expression and inducible gene genome.
It also studies the insertion of genes, gene silencing, and the differential expression of genes and their effect.
Thereby overcoming barriers and boundaries between species, the genome of one species can insert itself into another and generate a new species. One of their top goals is to match current regulatory mechanisms and gene expression, that is, to obtain an epigenetic code. It is an essential pillar in all life science disciplines, especially biotechnology.
Other Branches Or Types Of Biology
Taxonomy: Taxonomy discusses the nomenclature, identification, and classification of living organisms.
Anatomy: Anatomy studies the internal structure of organisms that can be seen with eyes after dissection.
Morphology: Morphology deals with the study of the size, external forms, color, shape, relative position, and structure of the different living organs of alive beings.
Cytology: Cytology focuses on the structure and form of cells and also the activities of the nucleus and additional organelles.
Histology: Histology studies the structure and organization of tissues as seen through a light microscope.
Molecular Biology: Molecular biology deals with the study of the structure, nature, function, physicochemical organization, interaction, and synthesis working of bio-molecules. These biomolecules bring about and command different functions of the protoplasm.
Cell Biology: Cell biology discusses the organizational, morphological, physiological, biochemical, pathological, genetic, evolutionary, and developmental aspects of cell and its elements.
Embryology: Embryology studies the fertilization, division, differentiation, and growth of the zygote into an embryo. In other words, it discusses the early development of alive organisms before the achievement of the size and structure of the offspring.
Physiology: Physiology focuses on the normal functions and processes of living beings and their body parts.
Mycology: Mycology scientifically focuses on fungi.
Also Check: How Does Geography Affect Trade
What Are The Various Qualifications Required To Become An Aquatic Veterinarian
Aquatic veterinarians are required to graduate with a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree. This is regarded as a rigorous course that will prepare individuals for a particular field of study.
It includes the study of both small and large marine animals. Many programs offer the DVM degree for individuals interested in the field. Furthermore, there is a licensing exam that they have to clear to become a full-time aquatic veterinarian.
What Exactly Do Ocean Engineers Do
There are many responsibilities of an ocean engineer, which largely depends on the nature of the job. For example, professionals may be required to develop, design, and analyze the equipment to operate and study ocean resources. In addition, they will have to prepare system layouts along with schematics and detailed drawings of the same.
These individuals also have to perform the inspection of the machinery involved. They have to design and conduct various tests for performance reviews of the equipment.
Moreover, they have to design and look over the installation procedures for the repairing of the apparatus. Solving engineering-based problems is another thing that they are focused on. This involves exploring and harnessing the coastal and offshore resources.
Devices used by oceanographers and marine biologists need to be handled by ocean engineers. By utilizing the principle and knowledge of engineering, they should build instruments that can stand the saltwater and storms.
They must also remain at sea for a long period of time and stand the test of time. The maintenance of these pieces of equipment is also taken care of by an ocean engineer.
You May Like: Do You Need Physics For Med School
What Are The Qualifications Required To Become A Marine Biologist
For an entry-level marine biologist, a bachelors or masters degree is essential. If you want to become a researcher at any private organization or company, you must have a good educational background in science. If you have a doctoral degree, then you can try for faculty positions. You can carry on with your research work while simultaneously teaching it.
Knowledge Youll Need To Acquire With A Marine Biology Degree
Because marine biology degree-holders have wide and varied career options, its crucial to prepare yourself with a diverse foundation of coursework. Obviously, youll need to take classes in biology, but other schools of study can provide a knowledge base that will complement the work youre already doing and set you up for future success in a competitive field.
In addition to coursework, marine biologist and coral reef researcher, Khatija Alliji, encourages students to take advantage of extracurricular opportunities.
I would recommend volunteering as much as possible throughout your education as you gain invaluable skills, which increase your career prospects, Alliji told Wondr in 2017. also allows you to network and start to gain experience within the industry helping you to direct your career.
Don’t Miss: How Does Geography Impact Civilization
Who Is A Marine Environment Educator/oceanographer
A marine environment educator or an oceanographer is primarily a biological oceanographer, chemical oceanographer, or even a physical oceanographer. There are different job descriptions based on the type and work environment. These professionals work on researching and studying the ocean and sea life.
They also work towards gathering knowledge on the varied weather and climate of the ocean environment. Furthermore, they study towards preserving the ecosystem of the ocean and all the natural sources of water. They dedicate their professional life to predicting different weather patterns and determining the position of the tectonic plates.
Moreover, they can get different job positions based on the degrees they have. For higher-level jobs, they may require advanced training options.
What Are The Duties Of A Marine Biologist
Observe and study marine life and its reaction to its environment.
Collect biological samples for testing and analysis.
Write reports based on biological findings in a marine setting for governmental entities, agencies or other related parties.
Use technology and marine instruments to record and monitor studies.
Conduct species inventories.
Test and monitor sea animals and organisms exposed to pollutants.
Preserve samples and specimens from marine populations.
Perform environmental impact assessments to evaluate environmental impacts on marine life.
Perform expeditions on research and fishing vessels.
Advocate for the marine environment with policymakers.
Also Check: What Is The Physics Primer
How Can You Become An Ocean Engineer
There are many paths available that an individual can take to become an ocean engineer. Most of the job prospects in this regard require a bachelors degree in the field of engineering.
The study arena includes the study of the ocean environment along with the varied methods of research. Furthermore, this includes the analysis, construction, and even operation of the marine life and system.
Students will be required to learn everything about energy generation along with geomechanics and different ocean structures.
Courses in coastal engineering, ocean environment, and acoustics underwater can also be essential for the same. In addition, students need to have extensive practical experience in the lab for research and designing teams.
What Does A Marine Biologist Do
- Overfishing has led to a reduction of worldwide stocks of certain fish species
- Plastic pollution has led to over 12 million tonnes entering the oceans every year, causing huge implications for biodiversity, ecosystems and threats to food security
- Ocean acidification and warming oceans have resulted in significant levels of coral cover loss and coral bleaching
- The release of hot water and other effluents by various industries has altered the ecological balance of the oceans
- Oil spills wreak long-term havoc on local ecosystems and biodiversity
- Pollution has caused an increase in water-borne infections in humans
- The use of pesticides and artificial fertilisers in farming has had serious consequences on food chains
- Chemicals can cause gender-bending and fertility problems in fish, shellfish and other aquatic organisms
Don’t Miss: Chapter 12 Chapter Test B Geometry Answers
What About Entry Training And Qualifications
Professional Marine Biologists
The usual requirement for professional posts in marine biology is a degree in biology or biochemistry. Specialist interest in marine studies is, of course, helpful and there are some degree courses specialising in marine biology or marine science. It is also worth checking courses that offer ecology or environmental studies as options. However, its advisable to start with a broad degree as this may offer you more possible career options and will ensure that you get a good understanding of how biology fits into your marine interests. A relevant degree can be followed by a postgraduate degree specialising in marine biology in fact, most jobs now ask for postgraduate qualifications. Suitable subjects to take at an advanced level for entry to biology-related degree courses are biology and chemistry, and either maths, physics or another science.
The IMarEST accredits a number of higher education courses around the world. Please visit our accredited courses webpage to look for a course that might be of interest to you, which we have assessed to be of an acceptable standard to apply for professional registration.
Laboratory Assistants and Technicians
Marine Environment Educator/ Oceanography
On the other hand, as a marine environmental educator, you can make some real difference to the marine world and make efforts towards sustaining life in it more holistic.
As a marine environmental educator, you can do a job ranging from training people in marine environmental safety to spreading knowledge about it. Or you can choose to be an oceanographer and study a wide range of subjects related to marine life.
A Maritime degree in oceanography makes you eligible to study many aspects of marine life, right from marine ecology to marine flora and fauna.
Also Check: How Does Psychology Benefit Society
Volunteering And Internship Opportunities For Experience:
Moreover, an interesting part of this field is that you get to spend time with amazing marine animals. You should take up as much as volunteering opportunities that you get.
Furthermore, you can also intern at zoos, humane societies, and varied aquariums for a better experience. You can learn a lot starting from cleaning the animals environment and preparing their good. With an enhanced perception of their language, you will be able to understand them.
You also need to have proper public speaking skills. This will be helpful when you are required to perform in front of an audience. If you take up drama courses in school, it will be easier to learn and prepare for public demonstrations.
The area of marine mammal training is very competitive. Individuals have to go through a long internship, volunteering, and apprenticeship period before landing any particular job.
However, entry-level trainers can continue learning the language and behaviour of animals. Essentially, this will help them further in their careers. Learning new training techniques is always an exciting experience for marine mammal trainers.
A List Of Unique And Interesting Marine Careers
Fancy a career in the sea? Are you one of those who find a job that allows them to stay close to waters fascinating? Do you wish to be able to make your love for the thrill of the ocean into a profession?
Well, then the answers for you are simpler, and the good news is you dont have to be a mariner discovering new lands or a pirate to enjoy marine careers. The options in maritime careers today are immense.
As long as you have a passion for this line of work, you can expect to find something to your liking while keeping your passion alive for sure.
A Maritime degree today comes with options varying a lot, ranging from being a biologist to unearthing secrets of ocean beds. The diversity of maritime courses is so huge that there is something for everyone with any kind of interest.
Here are a few fantastic ebooks to get important maritime information in the next couple of minutes!
Recommended Reading: Performance Matters Geometry Test Answers
What Is The Hardest Engineering Major
Engineering is a notoriously challenging field. These majors require lots of homework and classes that cover high-level topics like advanced calculus and physics. But some engineering majors may be less exacting than others.
In general, engineering majors that place heavier emphasis on math and science, such as chemical engineering, tend to be more challenging for students.
A 2016 study examined the average time students in various majors spent preparing for class each week. Majors that required more prep time were considered more difficult. Here’s a quick recap of the hardest and easiest engineering majors, according to this study.
|Top 3 Hardest Engineering Majors||Top 3 Easiest Engineering Majors|
|1. Chemical engineering||1. Industrial engineering|
|2. Aero and astronautical engineering||2. Computer engineering and technology|
|3. Biomedical engineering||3. Civil engineering|
Oceanography Vs Marine Biology
Ocean depths are home to the most complex life forms. Over the centuries, the deep waters also have given birth to myths, legends, and mysteries that are unexplainable by mankind.
Even though the ocean is the heart of the Earth and without it, we cannot survive, we know very little about oceans. Thats where ocean exploration comes into play. Exploring the ocean is not about wandering in hopes of finding answers but a systematic approach of unveiling everything that is classified as alien or unusual. It is also about making new discoveries. For instance, there are an estimated 1 million species of marine life, close to 228,450 of which weve identified, named, and classified.
Recommended Reading: What Is Figure Ground Perception Psychology
What Are The Qualifications Required To Become A Scuba Diver And Underwater Filmmaker
You need to have a diving certification for scuba diving to become a professional underwater filmmaker. There are divisions of programs offering you many choices of underwater filmmaking. First, there is a certification based on the basic levels, which more rigorous training sessions will follow.
Essentially, this will help you to prepare for a diverse range of filmmaking projects. You can become a diving master within just three months of learning scuba diving. Furthermore, there has to be proper utilisation of the knowledge gathered in the particular field of specialisation.
You need to have great skills in photography to go further into the career of being a scuba diver and underwater filmmaker. There will be much deflection of light and distortions due to the aquatic environment.
One needs to be aware of the harsh conditions within the depths and surface of the water during photography sessions. Its assumed that a skilled underwater photographer can capture ethereal images of aquatic mammals and the environment.
How Is Marine Biology Studied
Advances in technology have opened up the ocean to exploration from the shallows to the deep sea. New tools for marine research are being added to the list of tools that have been used for decades such as:
- Sounding hydrophones, the microphones counterpart, detect and record acoustic signals in the ocean. Sound data can be used to monitor waves, marine mammals, ships, and other ocean activities.
- Sonar similar to sounding, sonar is used to find large objects in the water and to measure the oceans depth . Sound waves last longer in water than in air, and are therefore useful to detect underwater echoes.
- Computers sophisticated computer technology is used to collect, process, analyze, and display data from sensors placed in the marine environment to measure temperature, depth, navigation, salinity, and meteorological data. NOAA implemented computer technology aboard its research vessels to standardize the way this data is managed.
Don’t Miss: What Is Transcription In Biology
What Are The Different Types Of Engineering
- Engineering entails the design and creation of devices, machines, and structures.
- The field is typically divided into five main branches, with hundreds of subfields.
- Students who major in engineering can generally expect to earn a high salary.
- Many consider engineering a challenging major due to its emphasis on math and science.
Engineering is one of the most popular and lucrative majors college students can pursue. An in-demand STEM field, engineering offers an array of professional opportunities in many industries, such as oil, renewable energy, and medicine.
In fact, there are so many types of engineering that students often aren’t sure which kind they want to study. One of the first steps to figuring out whether an engineering degree is right for you and, if so, which field you should choose is to learn about the key differences among the major engineering branches.
www.bestcolleges.com is an advertising-supported site. Featured or trusted partner programs and all school search, finder, or match results are for schools that compensate us. This compensation does not influence our school rankings, resource guides, or other editorially-independent information published on this site.