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What Is Eq In Psychology

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Why Emotional Intelligence Makes You More Successful

What is Emotional Intelligence?

If youve recently read anything about getting ahead at work, you might have read that people with high emotional intelligence are more likely to get hired, promoted and earn better salaries. But what is EI and why is it so important?

Emotional intelligence is the ability to identify and regulate ones emotions and understand the emotions the others. A high EQ helps you to build relationships, reduce team stress, defuse conflict and improve job satisfaction. Ultimately, a high EI means having the potential to increase team productivity and staff retention. Thats why when it comes to recruiting management roles, employers look to hire and promote candidates with a high EQ rather than IQ .

EI is important for everyone who wants to be career ready. Drawing on the work of Daniel Goleman, below are five pillars of emotional intelligence and how they give you an advantage in the workforce.

Measurement Of Emotional Intelligence

Emotional intelligence has been measured in many ways but primarily has been conceptualized as either an ability or a trait. Two particular tests frequently used to measure emotional intelligence exemplify this difference. The pioneers of the concept of emotional intelligence itself, Mayer, Salovey, and Caruso, developed the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test , which conceptualizes and measures emotional intelligence as an ability or a group of emotion-processing skills.

The MSCEITs scales measure emotional perception , emotional facilitation , emotional understanding , and emotional management . For example, a test item might ask an individual to look at a picture of a face and then using a rating scale indicate how that person is feeling. Gender differences on ability-based measures of EQ have been found. Women tend to perform better than men on all four scales of the MSCEIT.

What Are The Risks Of An Eeg

EEGs have been in use for many years and are considered a safe procedure, causing no discomfort. As the electrodes do not produce any sensations, there is very little risk, they cause no discomfort, and there is no risk of getting an electric shock.

EEGs are a non-invasive technique, meaning it does not involve any equipment going into the body. This makes EEGs a good choice in research, especially with younger participants.

The need for the participants to remain still are not required as much as with other neuroimaging methods such as with magnetic resonance imaging . Therefore, participants can carry out a variety of tasks or normal ongoing behaviors for an experiment without the worry of data being disrupted due to movements.

Another advantage of EEGs is that it has very high temporal resolution, meaning it can pick up frequencies really quickly, often within a single millisecond.

In comparison to other neuroimaging techniques such as MRI or positron emission tomography , EEGs hold a strong advantage over these in terms of temporal resolution. Similarly, many other neuroimaging methods will record changes in blood flow or metabolic activity, which are indirect markers of brain activity.

EEGs however, can measure the brainâs electrical activity directly, making it more efficient in this sense.

This is why neuroscientists would discuss EEG activity generated at specific electrode locations rather than concluding that a certain part of the brain generated the activity.

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Finding This Article Useful

This element of emotional intelligence, according to Goleman, also covers a leader’s flexibility and commitment to personal accountability .

So, how can you improve your ability to self-regulate?

  • Know your values Do you have a clear idea of where you absolutely will not compromise? Do you know what values are most important to you? Spend some time examining your “code of ethics.” If you know what’s most important to you, then you probably won’t have to think twice when you face a moral or ethical decision you’ll make the right choice.
  • Hold yourself accountable If you tend to blame others when something goes wrong, stop. Make a commitment to admit to your mistakes and to face the consequences, whatever they are. You’ll probably sleep better at night, and you’ll quickly earn the respect of those around you.
  • Practice being calm The next time you’re in a challenging situation, be very aware of how you act. Do you relieve your stress by shouting at someone else? Practice deep-breathing exercises to calm yourself. Also, try to write down all of the negative things you want to say, and then rip it up and throw it away. Expressing these emotions on paper is better than speaking them aloud to your team. What’s more, this helps you challenge your reactions to ensure that they’re fair!

What Happens During An Eeg

Psychology Infographic : Double Emotional Intelligence

Below is a list of steps that can be expected to happen during an EEG:

  • A technician will measure your head and use a pencil to make marks on the scalp. These marks are used to indicate where the electrodes will be attached.
  • The technician will then attach the electrodes to your scalp on the marks they previously indicated. These electrodes are attached by an adhesive and are connected with wires to an instrument which is used to amplify the brain waves. Between 16 and 25 electrodes will be attached to your scalp, in several places.
  • You may be asked to relax in a comfortable position with your eyes closed and perhaps perform some simple tasks such as reading, completing calculations or look at a light. Depending on the type of test or experiment, you may be asked to perform other cognitive based tasks, or you may be required to sleep during the test.
  • The EEG will usually take up to 60 minutes to complete. If being asleep is required during the test, the EEG could last a lot longer than 60 minutes.
  • Once the test is completed, the electrodes will be removed, and the adhesive paste will be washed off. If sedatives have been taken for the test, you may be required to rest until they have worn off and may need someone to drive you home.

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The Theories Of Emotional Intelligence Explained

30 Jan 2019 Heather Craig, BPsySc

Emotional Intelligence, or, what is commonly referred to as EQ has been claimed to be the key to success in life!

Despite the fact that theories of emotional intelligence only really came about in 1990, much has been written about this topic since then.

It has been argued by some people that EQ, the âemotion quotientâ, is even more important than the somewhat less controversial âintelligence quotientâ or IQ.

Why bother studying EQ? Well, can you imagine a world in which you didnât understand any of your feelings? Or where you couldnât perceive that another person was angry with you by the ferocious look on their face? It would be a nightmare!

Emotional intelligence is everywhere we look, and without it, we would be devoid of a key part of the human experience.

This article aims to share theories of emotional intelligence, and the 5 components of emotional intelligence will be discussed.

It is also hoped that some of your questions about emotional intelligence, such as âdoes emotional intelligence involve specific competencies?â and âis emotional intelligence linked to personality traits?â will be answered. Please enjoy!

Before you read on, we thought you might like to . These science-based exercises will not only enhance your ability to understand and regulate your emotions but will also give you the tools to foster the emotional intelligence of your clients, students or employees.

Can Emotional Intelligence Be Learned

If emotional intelligence is so important, can it be taught or strengthened? According to one meta-analysis that looked at the results of social and emotional learning programs, the answer to that question is an unequivocal yes.

The study found that approximately 50% of kids enrolled in SEL programs had better achievement scores and almost 40% showed improved grade-point-averages. These programs were also linked to lower suspension rates, increased school attendance, and reduced disciplinary problems.

Strategies for teaching emotional intelligence include character education, modeling positive behaviors, encouraging people to think about how others are feeling, and finding ways to be more empathetic toward others.

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Training And Fostering Ei Skills

In an interview with the Harvard Division of Continuing Education , Margaret Andrews, an instructor in emotional intelligence in leadership, outlined three steps to put you on the path to greater EQ:

  • Recognize and name your emotions.Taking the time to notice and label your feelings can help you choose the best way to respond to situations.
  • Ask for feedback.Even though it might make you cringe, its helpful to get othersâ viewpoints on your emotional intelligence. Ask people how they think you handle tricky situations and respond to the emotions of others.
  • Read literature.Reading books from someone elseâs perspective could deepen your understanding of their inner worlds and boost social awareness in the process.
  • MindTools has also helpfully laid out six ways you can enhance emotional intelligence with a little self-reflection and honesty:

  • Notice how you respond to people â Are you being judgmental or biased in your assessments of others?
  • Practice humility â Being humble about your achievements means you can acknowledge your successes without needing to shout about them.
  • Be honest with yourself about your strengths and vulnerabilities and consider development opportunities.
  • Think about how you deal with stressful events â Do you seek to blame others? Can you keep your emotions in check?
  • Take responsibility for your actions and apologize when you need to.
  • Be curious about what an emotion is trying to tell you.
  • Research Studies That Have Used Eeg

    Controversy of Intelligence: Crash Course Psychology #23
    • A study by Coutin-Churchman et al. used EEG to evaluate and specify measures of abnormal EEG results in those with mental health conditions, in comparison to a control group of people without a mental health condition.

      It was found that EEG results were abnormal in 83% of those with mental health conditions.

      The most frequent difference was a decrease in delta and theta waves, either alone or alongside increases in beta waves, or with alpha decrease, followed by an increase in beta waves. The researchers concluded that the apparent decreases in delta and theta waves on the EEG are an indicator of brain dysfunctions associated with mental health conditions.

    • Another study by Bell used EEG to investigate the working memory performance of fifty 8-month-old infants.

      It was found that performance on a working memory task was associated with an increased in EEG coherence in the frontal-parietal regions from baseline to task.

      There were also elevated levels of frontal-occipital coherence during both the baseline and task. Therefore, EEG was able to identify differences in brain activation between those who performed better and worse on a task.

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    What Is The Difference Between Eq And Iq

    Emotional Quotient and Intelligence Quotient , otherwise known as street smarts and books smarts, play different roles in our lives. The measure of each varies from person to person. They are both part of making up someones overall intelligence. Is EQ more important than IQ for success? Or do we need more book smarts than street smarts to succeed? Lets unpack the EQ vs IQ debate.

    EQ is street smarts and IQ is book smarts.

    Ei As Behavior Rather Than Intelligence

    Goleman’s early work has been criticized for assuming from the beginning that EI is a type of intelligence or cognitive ability. Eysenck writes that Goleman’s description of EI contains unsubstantiated assumptions about intelligence in general and that it even runs contrary to what researchers have come to expect when studying types of intelligence:

    ” exemplifies more clearly than most the fundamental absurdity of the tendency to class almost any type of behavior as an ‘intelligence’… If these five ‘abilities’ define ’emotional intelligence’, we would expect some evidence that they are highly correlated Goleman admits that they might be quite uncorrelated, and in any case, if we cannot measure them, how do we know they are related? So the whole theory is built on quicksand: there is no sound scientific basis.”

    Similarly, Locke claims that the concept of EI is in itself a misinterpretation of the intelligence construct, and he offers an alternative interpretation: it is not another form or type of intelligence, but intelligenceâthe ability to grasp abstractionsâapplied to a particular life domain: emotions. He suggests the concept should be re-labeled and referred to as a skill.

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    Elements Of Emotional Intelligence

    Another way to break down emotional intelligence is to look at it as a set of capabilities that include five groups of competencies. Each cluster, then, has several individual abilities you can learn about and practice.


    Self-awareness includes being aware of your emotions, assessing yourself accurately, and being self-confident.


    The self-regulation cluster includes competence in self-control, being trustworthy, being conscientious, being adaptable, and being innovative.

    Social Skills

    Social skills encompass a wide range of abilities. With higher emotional intelligence, you can exert influence, communicate effectively, manage conflicts, be a leader, create change, build bonds with others, collaborate and cooperate with others, and thrive as a part of a team.


    You can develop greater empathy by learning to understand others, help others improve themselves, provide service to others, embrace diversity, and become more politically aware.


    Within the motivation cluster of competencies are several more abilities you can develop, including a drive for achievement, commitment to your goals, taking the initiative, and being optimistic.

    How To Cultivate Emotional Intelligence

    Emotional intelligence

    We are naturally drawn to a person with high EQ. We are comfortable and at ease with their easy rapport. It feels as though they can read social cues with superhuman ability. Perhaps they can even mind-read how other people feel to some extent. This effortlessness is welcome in all domains of lifeat home, in social settings, and at work. Who wouldnt want a boss who understood how you are feeling and what you are trying to accomplish?

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    Choosing A Specific Measure Of Trait Ei

    Based on our literature review we suggest that a very good, comprehensive measure of trait EI is the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire, or TEIQue . If users are not restricted by time or costs then the TEIQue is a very good option. The TEIQue is a widely used questionnaire that measures 4 factors and 15 facets of trait EI. It has been cited in more than 2,000 academic studies. It is regarded as a trait measure of EI because it is based entirely on self-report responses, and facet scores represent typical behavior rather than maximal performance. There is extensive evidence in support of its reliability and validity . The four factors of the TEIQue map on to the broad EI facets present in multiple measures of EI as follows: emotionality = perceiving emotions, self-control = regulating emotions in self, sociability = regulating emotions in others, well-being = strategically utilizing emotions.

    Are The Emotionally Intelligent More Motivated

    These people are able to mobilize and utilize their emotions, and they are motivated to manage tasks and problem-solve obstacles. They are connected to who they are and what they value in life, which are foundational for prioritizing and reaching any objective or goal. Knowing what matters is crucial for productivity.

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    They Always Have To Be ‘right’

    You probably know someone who always seems to get into arguments with others. Friends, family, co-workers, and even random strangers find themselves embroiled in disputes with these argumentative individuals.

    People with low EQ will often argue a point to death while refusing to listen to what anyone else has to say. Even if you provide them with proof that they are wrong, they will argue that your facts are wrong.

    They have to win at all costs and find it impossible to simply “agree to disagree.” This is particularly true if other people are critical of how the individual does not understand what others are feeling.

    The Emergence Of Emotional Intelligence

    What is Emotional Intelligence (EQ)?

    It was not until 1985 that the term “emotional intelligence” was first used by in a doctoral dissertation by Wayne Payne. In 1987, an article published in Mensa Magazine, Keith Beasley uses the term “emotional quotient.”

    In 1990, psychologists Peter Salovey and John Mayer published their landmark article, “Emotional Intelligence,” in the journal Imagination, Cognition, and Personality. They defined emotional intelligence as “the ability to monitor one’s own and others’ feelings and emotions, to discriminate among them, and to use this information to guide one’s thinking and actions.”

    In 1995, the concept of emotional intelligence was popularized after the publication of Daniel Golemans book “Emotional Intelligence: Why It Can Matter More Than IQ.”

    The topic of emotional intelligence has continued to capture the public interest since and has become important in fields outside of psychology including education and business.

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    How To Gauge Eq

    Unlike very observable behavioral styles, EQ is best measured through the use of assessments. Based on the answers to questions, a person will score somewhere between 0 and 100. The higher the score, the higher the EQ.

    Understanding a persons EQ, along with knowing their natural behavioral style and their drivers can help paint a clearer picture of what that person is all about and how they will likely behave in certain situations.

    Learning How To Be More Aware

    Does your emotional intelligence lift your team to new heights?

    When you think of a “perfect leader,” what comes to mind?

    You might picture someone who never lets his temper get out of control, no matter what problems he’s facing. Or you might think of someone who has the complete trust of her staff, listens to her team, is easy to talk to, and always makes careful, informed decisions.

    These are qualities of someone with a high degree of emotional intelligence .

    In this article, we’ll look at why emotional intelligence is so important for leaders and how you, as a leader, can improve yours.

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