Sunday, March 3, 2024

What Is The Geography Of Egypt

Don't Miss

Nile River Valley And Delta

Egypt’s Geography explained in under 3 Minutes

The Nile River is the most important feature of the geography of Egypt. It is the lifeline of the country and allowed the Egyptian civilization to flourish despite the location of the country in the highly arid north African desert area.

The Nile is a north-flowing river that flows through the Nile valley in Egypt and ends up in a large delta on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt. The Nile valley region between Aswan and Cairo is cultivable but the width of the cultivable land varies throughout the length of the river and ranges between 8 and 16 km. The construction of the Aswan High Dam in 1970 has made provisions for perennial irrigation, allowing crops to be grown throughout the year. The construction of the dam led to the creation of Lake Nasser, one of the biggest man-made lakes in the world behind the dam. The lake is a major tourist attraction and an important fishing area and has several settlements around its banks.

The Nile delta, one of the major deltas of the world, occupies an area of 25,000 square km and stretches for a distance of about 160 km from Cairo to the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. The coastline of the delta extends from Port Said to Alexandria for 240 km. Two major branches of the Nile, the Rosetta and the Damietta Branch flow through the delta. The terrain of the delta is primarily flat but crisscrossed by several drainage channels and canals. Several brackish lagoons form on the coast of the delta.

Nile Valley And Delta

The Nile Valley and Delta, the most extensive oasis on earth, was created by the world’s longest river and its seemingly inexhaustible sources. Without the topographicchannel that permits the Nile to flow across the Sahara, Egypt would be entirely desert. The length within Egypt of the River Nile in its northwards course from three central African sources the White Nile, the Blue Nile, and the Atbara totals some 1,600 km.

The White Nile, which begins at Lake Victoria in Uganda, supplies about 28% of the Nile’s Egyptian waters. In its course from Lake Victoria to Juba in South Sudan, the White Nile’s channel drops more than 600 m. In its 1,600-km course from Juba to Khartoum, Sudan‘s capital, the river descends just 75 m. In South Sudan, the White Nile passes through the Sudd, a wide, flat plain covered with swampvegetation and slows almost to the point of stagnation.

The Blue Nile, which originates at Lake Tana in Ethiopia, provides on average some 58% of the Nile’s Egyptian waters. This river has a steeper gradient and therefore flows more swiftly than the White Nile, which it joins at Khartoum. Unlike the White Nile, the Blue Nile carries a considerable amount of sediment. For several kilometers north of Khartoum, water closer to the eastern bank of the river, coming from the Blue Nile, is visibly muddy, while that closer to the western bank, and coming from the White Nile, is clearer.

How Did Egypt Change From Hunter

There is evidence of rock carvings along the Nile terraces and in desert oases. In the 10th millennium BCE, a culture of hunter-gatherers and fishers was replaced by a grain-grinding culture. Climate changes or overgrazing around 8000 BCE began to desiccate the pastoral lands of Egypt, forming the Sahara.

Don’t Miss: Span Linear Algebra Definition

The Geography Of Egypt

Egypt spans North-East Africa and the Peninsula of Sinai in Asia, with shorelines along the Mediterranean and Red Seas. It is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north Libya to the west Sudan to the south the Red Sea to the east and Israel and Gaza to the north-east. The country covers an area of around 1,001,450 square kilometres , which is approximately the same size as Texas and New Mexico combined, four times the size of the UK and double that of France.

Egypts land borders are approximately 1656 miles in total length and comprise of the following: Libya, 693 miles Sudan, 791 miles Israel, 165 miles and Gaza, 7 miles . Its coastline is 1,892 miles long and comprises of: the Mediterranean Sea, 650 miles the Red Sea, 472 miles the Gulf of Aqaba, 140 miles the Gulf of Suez, 390 miles and the Suez Canal, 240 miles .

Another of Egypts peculiarities is to be found in the Western Desert. The Great Sand Sea is a massive area of sand that contains many depressions, and some of these are actually below sea level! One good example is a depression known as the Qattara Depression which is approximately 7,000 square miles in area and reaches a depth of around 436 feet below sea level. This makes it the lowest point in the whole of Africa.

In Egypt, the River Nile enters from Sudan and reaches the Mediterranean Sea after its 960 mile journey, but the initial stage of this journey through Egypt is not performed as the River Nile, but as Lake Nasser.

What Is The Climate Of Egypt Like

A trip to Egypt: Egypt

Deserts dominate Egypts climate, which is dry, hot, and dominated by rain. It has a mild winter season with rain falling along the coast, and a hot, dry summer season . In addition to hot wind storms, known as khamsin, which carry sand and dust across the northern coast of Africa, Egypt also experiences hot wind storms.

Don’t Miss: Holt Mcdougal Geometry Practice Workbook Answers

What Are The Key Facts Of Egypt

The countrys main population is concentrated on the alluvial plains of the Nile Valley, the Nile Delta, the coasts of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern coastal areas of the Red Sea. Only an estimated 6 to 7% of the territory of Egypt is inhabited. With 102.2 million inhabitants , Egypt is the most populous country in the Arab world.

The Deserts Of Ancient Egypt

The deserts of ancient Egypt were the Red Lands, situated on both sides of the Nile.

The Western Desert was actually part of the Libyan Desert and covered 262,000 square miles. Its geography largely consisted of valleys, sand dunes and some mountainous areas. This desert also contained oases, five of which are still known today.

The Eastern Desert extended out to the Red Sea. It is part of what is known as the Arabian Desert today. This desert was arid and barren, but the ancient Egyptians used it extensively to mine various stones. The geography of this desert consisted of more mountains and rocky areas than sand dunes.

Topography of Egypt

You May Like: Edgenuity Answer Key Algebra 1

The Geography Of Egypt: The Climate And The Natural Regions Of Egypt

Egypt is a fascinating country, well-known across the world for the ancient Egyptian civilization that was well ahead of its time and highly advanced both in terms of of knowledge and technology. The geography of Egypt is very unique and it is interesting to study how the ancient Egyptians made the best use of the river Nile to build thriving and prosperous settlements in an otherwise parched desert land with extremes of temperature. Here, we will discuss some of the major aspects of the geography of Egypt and focus on the climate and major natural regions of the country.

How Did Geography Affect The Development Of Egypt Quizlet

Egypt Geography for Ancient World History by Instructomania

How did geography affect the development of Egypt? The development of Ancient Egypt was very much affected by its geography. The Egyptian civilization was limited to the Nile flood plain because the rest of the area was desert. The Nile supplied water for the people to drink and irrigate their crops.

Also Check: Holt Geometry Chapter 7 Test Form C Answers

How Does Climate Change Affect Humans And Animals

Impacts. Humans and wild animals face new challenges for survival because of climate change. More frequent and intense drought, storms, heat waves, rising sea levels, melting glaciers and warming oceans can directly harm animals, destroy the places they live, and wreak havoc on peoples livelihoods and communities.

What Is Egypts Climate Like

Deserts dominate Egypts climate, which is dry, hot, and dominated by rain. It has a mild winter season with rain falling along the coast, and a hot, dry summer season . The deserts temperatures fluctuate less dramatically during winter, but can reach as high as 18C in the daytime and as low as 0C at night.

Don’t Miss: Does Michael Jackson Have Biological Kids

Egypt And Mesopotamia Similarities

Egypt and Mesopotamia had many different view on life their views on religion, geography, their government, their beliefs on the afterlife, their relationships between the gods and humans, and etc. The differences can be built off where they were built, the amount of land they had access to, the number of resources they had to, and how their environment was in everyday life. They also had similarities in the fact that they were hard working in their everyday life, the belief of what was a mans responsibility

How Did Nubia And Egypt Influence Each Other

Egypt Map / Geography of Egypt / Map of Egypt

Nubia and Egypt influenced each other in several ways. They influenced each other as a result of their close relationship. For example, the Nubians worshipped Egyptian gods and goddesses along with their own Nubian deities. The Nubians also adapted Egyptian hieroglyphs to fit their own language and created an alphabet.

Read Also: Holt Geometry Practice Workbook Answer Key Pdf

Essay About Comparison Of Ancient China And Ancient Egypt

the Nile River of Egypt, the Indus River of India, and the Yellow River of China. These civilizations showed specific similarities and contrasting differences. Many of these differences and similarities showed up in the three categories of the technological advances, the types of government, and the geography of the civilization. Two civilizations that are very interesting to delve deeper into and study the contrasting societies are China and Egypt. Since China and Egypt were both isolated from

How Did Geography Protect Egypt

The Egyptians were protected from invaders due to their geographical features. For example, they had the Mediterranean Sea to the north along with the Nile Delta. This body of water blocks off land on the other side. Furthermore, the cataracts in the Nile to the south protected the Egyptians from lands below them.

Don’t Miss: Michael Jackson Biological Father

Why Was God Silent For 400 Years In The Bible

It is known by some members of the Protestant community as the 400 Silent Years because it was a span where no new prophets were raised and God revealed nothing new to his people. Many of the deuterocanonical books, accepted as scripture by Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy, were written during this time.

How Does Geography Contribute To Egyptian Identity

The Geography Of Ancient Egypt

Egyptian civilization Geography. Just as life arose from the waters of the primeval sea, so the waters of the Nile gave birth to the pharaonic kingdom. The annual flooding of the Nile deposited nutrient rich silt on the land, creating all the ingredients needed to support life and the growth of a great civilization.

Read Also: Holt Geometry Practice Workbook Answer Key

How Can A Desert Be Next To An Ocean

The ocean can supply enormous amounts of water vapor. The important ingredients in order to have a desert next to the ocean are to have the following: cold ocean water, lack of traveling mid-latitude cyclones/tropical systems, and a mountain range that blocks moisture from moving in from other regions.

How Is The Geography Of Egypt Unique

a. Three different geographic features in Ancient Egypt are the Desert, the Delta, and the Fertile Land. The desert was a barren place full of sand dunes, mountains, and cliffs. The desert was a dangerous place and therefore acted as a natural barrier between ancient Egypt and invading foreign armies.

Recommended Reading: Kuta Software Infinite Algebra 1 Graphing Linear Equations

How Did The Nubian And Egyptian Cultures Interact After The Nubian Conquest Of Egypt

Egyptian unification in 3300 BCE may have been helped along by Nubian culture, which was conquered by Upper Egypt. Nubia was first mentioned by ancient Egyptian trading accounts in 2300 BCE. Nubia was a gateway to the riches of Africa, and goods like gold, incense, ebony, copper, ivory, and animals flowed through it.

How Was Egypt Protected By Geography

Egypt: Ancient Wonders of the Legendary Nile

The Egyptians were protected from invaders due to their geographical features. For example, they had the Mediterranean Sea to the north along with the Nile Delta. This body of water blocks off land on the other side. Furthermore, the cataracts in the Nile to the south protected the Egyptians from lands below them.

Don’t Miss: Who Is Paris Jackson’s Biological Father

How Does Its Geography Challenge Egypt

Egypts main geographic challenge has been to develop beyond the narrow Nile corridor and project power eastward. The Saharan desert has largely insulated the Nile core from its western flank and contained Egypts westward expansion. This area contains the majority of Egypts offshore hydrocarbon reserves.

Geography Of Ancient Egypt

A combination of favorable geographical features contributed to the success of ancient Egyptian culture, the most important of which was the rich fertile soil resulting from annual flooding of the Nile River. At the same time each year, the Nile flooded for about six months. As the river receded, it deposited a rich, brown layer of silt that was suitable for growing wheat, beans, barley, or even cotton

This predictable flooding and fertilization of the soil allowed farmers to dig short canals leading to fields near the Nile, thus providing fresh water for year-round irrigation. Planting immediately after a flood yielded harvests before the next year’s flood. The ancient Egyptians were thus able to produce an abundance of food, allowing the population to devote more time and resources to cultural, technological, and artistic pursuits..

The Egyptians recognized three seasons: Akhet , Peret , and Shemu . The flooding season lasted from June to September, depositing on the river’s banks the silt for growing crops. After the flood waters had receded, the growing season lasted from October to February. Farmers plowed and planted seeds in the fields, which were irrigated with ditches and canals. Egypt received little rainfall, so farmers relied on the Nile to water their crops.

You May Like: Algebra 2 Unit 10 Lesson 1

Economics And Land Use In Egypt

Egypt’s economy is highly developed but it is mostly based on the agriculture that takes place in the Nile River valley. Its main agricultural products include cotton, rice, corn, wheat, beans, fruits, vegetables cattle, water buffalo, sheep, and goats. Other industries in Egypt are textiles, food processing, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, hydrocarbons, cement, metals, and light manufacturing. Tourism is also a major industry in Egypt.

What Are The Advantages Of Mitigation

Geography of Ancient Egypt

Mitigating climate change reduces the risk of uncertain but potentially large damage from climate change, and reduces the consequences of failing to adapt to climate change. Stringent mitigation policy leads to lower overall risks, as the uncertainty in mitigation costs is lower than the uncertainty in climate damage.

You May Like: How To Learn Physics Fast

Geographical Impact On Human History

that it tells the story of how human life came to be what it is today. History is the research, analysis, knowledge, and documentation that tells the people of the world what came before them that allows them to live their life the way that they do in this time period. Because the world that came before now is such a vast period of time and space, it is important to understand the smaller, but still quite monumental, factors that shaped human history and culture. Geography is one of those factors. Through

Urban And Rural Areas

In the 1971 census, 57 percent of Egypt’s population was counted as rural, including those residing in agricultural areas in the Nile Valley and Delta, as well as the much smaller number of persons living in desert areas. Rural areas differ from the urban in terms of poverty, fertility rates, and other social factors. Agriculture is a key component of the economy in rural areas, though some people are employed in the tourist industry or other non-farm occupations. In 1992, the percentage of Egypt’s population employed in agriculture was 33 percent. The agricultural industry is dependent on irrigation from the Nile river.

Don’t Miss: Segment Addition Postulate Unit 1 Geometry Basics

How Did Geography Affect Peoples Choices Of Where To Settle In Ancient Egypt And Kush Quizlet

How did geography affect peoples choices of where to settle in ancient Egypt and Kush? The Libyan Desert, the Arabian Desert, and the Nubian Desert were too hot and dry. But in the Nile River valley, the river provided natural irrigation and fertilization. Other people settled near the Jordan River.

The Rise Of Civilizations On Egypt And Mesopotamia

Egypt Facts for Kids

The rise of civilizations in Egypt and Mesopotamia occurred around the same time and the environment and natural forces affected the similarities and differences in social, political, and economic stability. There were many similarities and differences between both of these countries as well. In both cases, it was the river valley and geography that affected the agriculture, religious views, and government structures. The Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilization developed in the Middle East and were

You May Like: Kuta Software Infinite Algebra 2 Rationalizing Imaginary Denominators Answers

Why Was The Egyptian Civilization So Successful

The success of ancient Egyptian civilization came partly from its ability to adapt to the conditions of the Nile River valley for agriculture. The predictable flooding and controlled irrigation of the fertile valley produced surplus crops, which supported a more dense population, and social development and culture.

More articles

Popular Articles