What Does Geography Mean And Examples
The definition of geography is the study of the Earth. An example of geography is the study of where the states are located. An example of geography is the climate and natural resources of the land. The scientific study of the Earths surface and its various climates, countries, peoples, and natural resources.
The Four Traditions Of Geography
There are some other ways to conceptualize the field of geography. Parkinson suggested that geography has four traditions: The Earth Science Tradition, Culture-Environment Tradition, Locational Tradition, and Area Analysis Tradition. Geographic techniques support these traditions. The chart below shows how selected subdisciplines fit within these four traditions.
What Are 5 Facts About Geography
Here are some incredible, geographic facts about this planet we call Earth.
- Continents shift at about the same rate as your fingernails grow.
- Ninety percent of Earths population lives in the Northern Hemisphere.
- 4. California has more people than all of Canada.
- Australia is wider than the moon.
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Ap Human Geography All Terms Flashcards
Terms in this set Human geography. a branch of geography that focuses on the study of patterns and processes that shape human interaction with the built environment, with particular reference to the causes and consequences of the spatial distribution of human activity on the Earth’s surface. Physical geography.
A Move Toward Regional Science
In the 1950s the regional science movement arose, led by Walter Isard to provide a more quantitative and analytical base to geographical questions, in contrast to the more qualitative tendencies of traditional geography programs. Regional Science comprises the body of knowledge in which the spatial dimension plays a fundamental role, such as regional economics, resource management, location theory, urban and regional planning, transportation and communication, human geography, population distribution and environmental quality.
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The Relationship Of Physical Geography To Human Geography
In an Introduction to Geography classes a fellow instructor likes to stress the point that physical and human geography are completely separate disciplines and that there can be NO mixing between the two. In fact, he makes a big deal that they must write this down and put stars by it in their notes as this important point will most certainly be on the test. He then stops and lets them think about this statement as they dutifully write it down.
Now you might be thinking that this contention that physical and human geography are completely separate and can never be mixed seems nonsensicaland you would be correct. Eventually, a few of the students start to grin and perhaps a bold one might challenge the instructor .
The instructor then gets to point out to the students the fallacy of such a contention and makes the point that physical and human geography, like the sides of a coin, are absolutely inseparable. We know that physical systems can have enormous impacts on human systems . We also know that human impacts on the environment have been great, as humans have always modified the surface of the planet to scratch out a living or to build great civilizations .
Here is the fundamental contention that justifies this whole course:
What Is Geography For Elementary Students
Geography is a science that deals with Earths surface. People who study geography are called geographers. Geographers are interested in Earths physical features, such as mountains, deserts, rivers, and oceans. They are also interested in the ways that people affect and are affected by the natural world.
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Geographic Glossary Terms From N
Want to know common geography expressions that start with the letters, N, O, P, Q, R, and S? The following provides the necessary information.
Natural Resources: substances that occur naturally in nature and have a commercial value.
North Pole: the point on the Northern Hemisphere of the earth that is farthest North 90 degrees North of the equator.
Oasis: a fertile watering hole in a geographically arid place such as a desert. It is formed since there was water previously present in the specific area.
Ocean Current: the flow of ocean water in a defined direction.
Omnivore: not a herbivore and not a carnivore, omnivores refer to animals or people who indulge in both plants and meat.
Pesticide: chemical substances used to exterminate pests or insects and prevent their infestation.
Physical Weathering: also commonly known as mechanical weathering, is the breaking down of rocks by natural agents such as wind and running water.
Plateau: a large area of flat and relatively high ground.
Quarry: an open-air mine from which rocks and minerals can be extracted.
Ravine: narrower than a canyon and the product of stream cutting erosion usually very narrow and quite deep.
Renewable Resources: a natural resource that is naturally restorative that is more than the rate of human consumption. Examples include geothermal energy, hydroelectricity, and solar power.
Run-off: a term used for water from rain or melting snow that does not get absorbed into the soil.
What Is Studied In Geography
Therefore, Geography is the science that deals with the description of the Earths surface. Geography is a multi disciplinary fields that studies spatial patterns and phenomenon.
Geography is much more than cartography, the study of maps or simply knowing the capitals of every country. The field of geography not only investigates what is where on the Earth, but also why its there and not somewhere else, sometimes referred to as location in space.
Geography studies this whether the cause is natural or human. It also studies the consequences of those differences.
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Human Geography Facts For Kids
Human geography is a branch of geography.It studies how people and environment have an effect on each other.. The study of people includes their communities, cultures, economies.The environment studied is mostly about locations. Locations include where people live, when people move, where they move to, what customs they have, what recreations they have. …
Who Started The Science Of Geography
Stores of knowledge were built up about such new and exotic places, as demonstrated by the Greek philosopher and world traveler Herodotus in the 5th century bce. That knowledge became known as geography, a term first used as the title of Eratosthenes of Cyrenes book Geographica in the 3rd century bce.
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Geographic Glossary Terms From A
To increase the ability to recall essential definitions from geography, the following are the most common geographic terms from the letters A to F.
Altitude: the vertical height above the sea level.
Archipelago: a group of islands such as the Galapagos or Hawaii.
Atmosphere: defined as an envelope of air, gases, and suspended articles surrounding the earth 78.09% nitrogen, 20.95% oxygen, and 0.96% consisting of 19 other gases.
Biogeography: the geographic study of the distribution of animals and plants on the planet.
Biodiversity: the assortment of species, flora and fauna, found in a specific area.
Biofuel: a fuel that is derived from living or natural matter gas, alcohol, and dead biological materials are known as biofuel.
Cartography: the art of making maps or mapping.
Climate Change: known as the variation of climatic conditions and the result of new weather patterns that are distinct from past decades.
Conservation: the act of maintaining natural or human-made landscapes just the way they are, without any changes.
Deforestation: the malicious act of cutting down trees and clearing forests for human use.
Delta: a triangular plain at the end or mouth of a river where the soil is deposited.
Drought: a prolonged time with less than average rainfall which can negatively affect living conditions.
Ecosystem: known as a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment working together and interacting as one whole system.
Keeping Up With The Journal Literature
Want an easy way to keep up with the journal literature for all facets of Geography? And you use a mobile device? You can install the BrowZine app and create a custom Bookshelf of your favorite journal titles. Then you will get the Table of Contents of your favorite journals automatically delivered to you when they become available. Once you have the ToC’s you can download and read the articles you want.
You can get the app from the App Store or Google Play.
Don’t own or use a mobile device? You can still use BrowZine! It’s now available in a web version. You can get to it here. The web version works the same way as the app version. Find the journals you like, create a custom Bookshelf, get ToCs and read the articles you want.
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Difference Between Physical Geography And Human Geography
Physical and Human Geography is the principal branches of Geographical sciences. Physical geography is what we are more familiar with as it involves earths land areas, bodies of water, plant life etc. Physical geographers help in making decisions about managing different types of resources such as water, forests and land.
What Is Geography In Simple Words Basics Branches And Examples
Geography is often seen as a very tricky and confusing subject. What is the difference between a Peninsula or an island? Is Geography limited to just the study of different kind of vegetations? Does geography study climatic conditions as well? questions like these are often raised by people. Geography in totality appears to be as a complex subject. But heres the catch, this article will a hundred per cent help you to clear your doubts about the subject of geography and provide you with a strong basic knowledge about what Geography studies and comprises of.
The subject of Geography is like an entirely different world. Where a person with zero knowledge about Geography might think, that it just studies Countries or Continents and the type of trees or plants that grow there. To some extent this is true, but Geography deals with even more aspects. Geography is the study of physical features of Earth, even the other planets in the Solar System, the Landscapes, the Vegetation, the distinct Species of Animals found in different areas of the world, the Weather and Climatic conditions of a region. Various other topics like Landforms, the Population of the nations, Migration of the people, the Cultures and Communities of the humans are also studied under Geography. In simple words, almost everything that surrounds us is studied under the subject of Geography.
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Meridians Or Lines Of Longitude
The prime meridian sits at 0 degrees longitude and divides the earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. The prime meridian is defined as an imaginary line that runs through the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England, a suburb of London. The Eastern Hemisphere includes the continents of Europe, Asia, and Australia, while the Western Hemisphere includes North and South America. All meridians east of the prime meridian are numbered from 1 to 180 degrees east the lines west of the prime meridian are numbered from 1 to 180 degrees west . The 0 and 180 lines do not have a letter attached to them. The meridian at 180 degrees is called the International Date Line. The International Date Line is opposite the prime meridian and indicates the start of each day . Each day officially starts at 12:01 a.m., at the International Date Line. Do not confuse the International Date Line with the prime meridian . The actual International Date Line does not follow the 180-degree meridian exactly. A number of alterations have been made to the International Date Line to accommodate political agreements to include an island or country on one side of the line or another.
Parallels Or Lines Of Latitude
Figure 1.4 Noted Lines of Latitude
The equator is the largest circle of latitude on Earth. The equator divides the earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres and is called 0 degrees latitude. The other lines of latitude are numbered from 0 to 90 degrees going toward each of the poles. The lines north of the equator toward the North Pole are north latitude, and each of the numbers is followed by the letter N. The lines south of the equator toward the South Pole are south latitude, and each of the numbers is followed by the letter S. The equator is the only line of latitude without any letter following the number. Notice that all lines of latitude are parallel to the equator and that the North Pole equals 90 degrees N and the South Pole equals 90 degrees S. Noted parallels include both the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, which are 23.5 degrees from the equator. At 66.5 degrees from the equator are the Arctic Circle and the Antarctic Circle near the North and South Pole, respectively.
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Geography As A Discipline
In very simple words, it can be said that geography is the description of the earth. The term geographywas first coined by Eratosthenese, a Greek scholar . The word has been derived from two roots from Greek language geo and graphos. GEOGRAPHY AS ADISCIPLINE CHAPTER 2021-22 GEOGRAPHY AS A DISCIPLINE3
Urban And Regional Planning
Urban planning and regional planning use the science of geography to assist in determining how to develop the land to meet particular criteria, such as safety, beauty, economic opportunities, the preservation of the built or natural heritage, etcetera.
The planning of towns, cities and rural areas may be seen as applied geography although it also draws heavily upon the arts, the sciences and lessons of history. Some of the issues facing planning are considered briefly under the headings of rural exodus, urban exodus and Smart Growth.
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Five Themes Of Geography
The Five Geography Themes began as a framework for making geography accessible to children from kindergarten to high school. They describe a simple, effective method for parents and educators to teach children about geography and how it relates to nature, civilization, and other topics. More: Five Themes of Geography Explained
Though the National Geographical Standards replaced these themes in 1994, they remain a simple and effective way to teach children about geography.
What Is The Focus Of Geography
Geography is the science of place, space, and environment. Each place on earth is distinguished by a unique mix of natural resources, cultural practices, and socioeconomic and political systems. Geographers study what makes each place unique, as well as the connections and interactions between places.
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What Is A Human Feature In Geography
Human geography relates only to the human environment something that is built by humans and would not have existed in nature without humans. Features include anything from a house to a city, and all the related infrastructure such as roads, rail, canals etc. What is the definition of a human feature?
What Does Geography Study
What do we do when we study geography? We explore and learn about two main issues: places and people. There are two branches of geography, called physical geography and human geography:
- physical geography examines the nature and environment and with it, natural hazards and their effects for example what happens when a volcano erupts or where and why does flooding occur
- human geography studies the effects of our activities on the planet and what living in our environments on the lives and activities of the people means, such as why people move from villages into towns or even migrate from country to country or what it happens when we exploit the earths resources or why we experience the effects of global warming
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Environmental Geography At Concordia
You will find the department on the twelfth floor of the Hall Building . Concordia geography is fortunate in having its own distinct quarters few other departments can boast such good facilities, such as a computer lab., G.I.S. lab., physical sciences lab., cartography lab., reading room, and student lounges.
The professors in the geography department have a wide range of research interests. You can learn more about these by turning to the section called Faculty.
- Curriculum focused on the Environment
- New multidisciplinary Environmental Science
- An emphasis on techniques and skill building in cartography, computer design, geographic information systems, statistics, field work
- Student centred teaching
- Strong emphasis on undergraduate teaching
- Courses taught by dedicated full and part-time faculty
- Courses given in both the day and evening to accommodate students who work
- We cater to non-conventional students
- Excellent Student Advising Program
A Short Definition For Human Geography
The study of the interrelationships between people, place, and environment, and how these vary spatially and temporally across and between locations. Whereas physical geography concentrates on spatial and environmental processes that shape the natural world and tends to draw on the natural and physical sciences for its scientific underpinnings and methods of investigation, human geography concentrates on the spatial organization and processes shaping the lives and activities of people, and their interactions with places and nature. Human geography is more allied with the social sciences and humanities, sharing their philosophical approaches and methods .
With respect to methods, human geography uses the full sweep of quantitative and qualitative methods from across the social sciences and humanities, mindful of using them to provide a thorough geographic analysis. It also places emphasis on fieldwork and mapping , and has made a number of contributions to developing new methods and techniques, notably in the areas of spatial analysis, spatial statistics, and GIScience.
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Why Geography Is Important To Human
Studying geography creates a global citizen. Those who know geography better understand the interdependence of our world and how we are connected through location, place, movement, region, and human-environment interactions. Think about it. Students need to understand this information in our global society.