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What Is Focus In Geography

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Examples Of Focus In A Sentence

Lenses of Social Studies: Special Focus of Geography | David Palmer | TEDxMashpeeED

focusfocusfocusfocusfocusfocus The Hollywood ReporterfocusForbesfocusThe Salt Lake Tribunefocus Wiredfocus BillboardfocusRolling Stonefocus San Diego Union-Tribunefocus Varietyfocus WSJfocus San Francisco Chroniclefocus USA TODAYfocus Better Homes & Gardensfocus CNNfocus Forbesfocus The Arizona Republicfocus CBS News

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word ‘focus.’ Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Anatomy Of An Earthquake

Although the ground beneath us seems solid, its actually in constant motion. We usually dont see it, but we can experience it through earthquakes.

Earth’s crust is broken up into irregular pieces called tectonic plates. These large pieces of crust were formed by the combination of gravity and rising heat from Earth’s core. There are seven major plates and many smaller ones, all moving in relation to each other. The lithosphere refers to the crust and upper mantle that make up these plates.

As tectonic plates move past each other along fault zones, they sometimes get stuck. Pressure builds, and when the plates finally give and slip, energy is released as seismic waves, causing the ground to shake. This is an earthquake.

The focus is the place inside Earths crust where an earthquake originates. The point on the Earths surface directly above the focus is the epicenter. When energy is released at the focus, seismic waves travel outward from that point in all directions. There are different types of seismic waves, each one traveling at varying speeds and motions. It’s these waves that you feel during an earthquake.

Meridians Or Lines Of Longitude

The prime meridian sits at 0 degrees longitude and divides the earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. The prime meridian is defined as an imaginary line that runs through the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England, a suburb of London. The Eastern Hemisphere includes the continents of Europe, Asia, and Australia, while the Western Hemisphere includes North and South America. All meridians east of the prime meridian are numbered from 1 to 180 degrees east the lines west of the prime meridian are numbered from 1 to 180 degrees west . The 0 and 180 lines do not have a letter attached to them. The meridian at 180 degrees is called the International Date Line. The International Date Line is opposite the prime meridian and indicates the start of each day . Each day officially starts at 12:01 a.m., at the International Date Line. Do not confuse the International Date Line with the prime meridian . The actual International Date Line does not follow the 180-degree meridian exactly. A number of alterations have been made to the International Date Line to accommodate political agreements to include an island or country on one side of the line or another.

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What Does Geographer Mean

A geographer is a physical scientist, social scientist or humanist whose area of study is geography, the study of Earth’s natural environment and human society. The Greek prefix “geo” means “earth” and the Greek suffix, “graphy,” meaning “description,” so a geographer is someone who studies the earth.

The Editorial Board Of Focus On Geography

Geographic Focus (n=278)

Heike AlbertsCraig ColtenSara Beth KeoughChris LaingenLindsay NaylorAlex OberleJeff SmithScott StephensonDmitry StreletskiyKyle WalkerDavid KaplanJohn Noble WilfordKyle EveredMatthew TaylorTrevor BirkenholzPeter KabachnikKaren BartonDr. Antoinette WinklerPrins

Have Questions? Interested in Submitting?

Use the associated contact form to send the editors an e-mail, or e-mail us at

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The Emergence Of National Schools: The Role Of Human Geography In Germany And France

Human geography appeared in the 1880s and 1890s. Ratzel coined the term anthropogeographie in 1882. French geographers began to speak of la géographie humaine from 1895.

Human distributions were studied by geographers since a long time. Thanks to the progress of ethnography and folklore studies, the knowledge of the diversity of tools, know-hows, techniques, and human settlements had much progressed from the beginning of the nineteenth century. Ritters position analysis did not stress only the role of atmospheric and oceanic currents in the shaping of the diversity of the Earth, it focused also on the significance of circulation and the role of steamships in contracting the Earths surface.

What motivated the birth of human geography as a semiautonomous field of enquiry within geography was, however, Darwins interpretation of evolution. Human geography was born as a kind of ecology of human groups in their relations to environments. The main aim of the new discipline was to answer a fundamental question: up to what point were human beings and human activities a reflection of environmental conditions? Human geography was born from a deterministic interpretation of man/milieu relationships.

A. Saldanha, in, 2009

Why Geography Is Called Mother Of All Sciences

Geography is often times the mother of all sciences because geography is one of the earliest known scientific disciplines that date back to the original Homo-sapiens who migrated out of eastern Africa, into Europe, Asia, and beyond. … A cartographer is someone who is skilled in the science and art of map-making.

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Is Physical Geography Easy

No, geography is so simple to study. In geography, we studied day to day activities happen on the earth, those are interlinked to each other in practically as well as theoretically. … More you study more you know, more you relate, more you learn, more you love with geography, & feel more easy to study geography.

What Do The Five Themes Of Geography Mean

Crash Course Geography Preview

There are five main themes of geography: location, place, human-environment interaction, movement, and region. … Place is a description of the physical and human characteristics of the location being studied. This could involve describing the mountains, valleys, rivers, beaches, and the living organisms that inhabit it.

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Geography As A Science

Geography is the spatial study of the earths physical and cultural environments. Geographers study the earths physical characteristics, its inhabitants and cultures, phenomena such as climate, and the earths place within the universe. Geography also examines the spatial relationships between all physical and cultural phenomena in the world. Furthermore, geographers also look at how the earth, its climate, and its landscapes are changing due to cultural intervention. Geography is a much broader field than many people realize. Most people think of area studies as the whole of geography. In reality, geography is the study of the earth, including how human activity has changed it. Geography involves studies that are much broader than merely understanding the shape of the earths landforms. Physical geography involves all the planets physical systems. Human geography incorporates studies of human culture, spatial relationships, interactions between humans and the environment, and many other research areas that involve the different subspecialties of geography. Students interested in a career in geography would be well served to learn geospatial techniques and gain skills and experience in GIS and remote sensing, as they are the areas within geography where employment opportunities have grown the most over the past few decades.

Cultural Geography Take One: In The Beginning

Our first take follows a conventional narrative plot that begins with origins and a classical period, then unfolds in a linear narrative of ongoing progress of new, newer, and newest cultural geography. This will give the reader a sense of comfort typical with linear, progressive stories, and it will suggest that the boundaries of cultural geography are knowable, periodic, and fixed. This will be deliberately challenged in the takes that follow.

Classical cultural geography is conventionally traced back to origins in the 1920s, with the work of Carl Sauer and his colleagues at the University of California, Berkeley, United States of America. The Berkeley School, as it would become known, embedded an understanding of culture as both cultivation to grow or rear and as way of life. Carl Sauer coined the term cultural landscape to describe the manner in which place was fashioned from a natural landscape by a cultural group. For Sauer,

culture was the agent, the natural area the medium, the cultural landscape the result . Under the influence of a given culture , itself changing through time, the landscape undergoes development, passing through phases, and probably reaching ultimately the end of its cycle of development. With the introduction of a different that is alien culture , a rejuvenation of the cultural landscape sets in, or a new landscape is superimposed on remnants of an older one.

H. Ernste, L. Smith, in, 2009

D. Bell, in, 2009

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Key Takeaways: Physical Geography

  • Physical geography is the study of our planet and its systems .
  • Understanding the climate and how it’s changing affect people now and can help plan for the future.
  • Because the study of Earth is vast, numerous sub-branches of physical geography specialize in different areas, from the upper limits of the sky to the bottom of the ocean.

In contrast, cultural or human geography spends time studying why people locate where they do and how they adapt to and change the landscape in which they live. Someone studying cultural geography might also research how languages, religion, and other aspects of culture develop where people live how those aspects are transmitted to others as people move or how cultures change because of where they move.

Iris Provides A Wide Range Of Education Workforce And Outreach Resources

Geographical focus of the 433 accepted abstracts ...

Our mission is to advance awareness and understanding of seismology and earth science while inspiring careers in geophysics.



    IRIS is a consortium of over 125 US universities dedicated to the operation of science facilities for the acquisition, management, and distribution of seismological data, and for fostering cooperation among IRIS members, affiliates, and other organizations in order to advance seismological research and education.


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    Keeping Up With The Journal Literature

    Want an easy way to keep up with the journal literature for all facets of Geography? And you use a mobile device? You can install the BrowZine app and create a custom Bookshelf of your favorite journal titles. Then you will get the Table of Contents of your favorite journals automatically delivered to you when they become available. Once you have the ToC’s you can download and read the articles you want.

    You can get the app from the App Store or Google Play.

    Don’t own or use a mobile device? You can still use BrowZine! It’s now available in a web version. You can get to it here. The web version works the same way as the app version. Find the journals you like, create a custom Bookshelf, get ToCs and read the articles you want.

    Parallels Or Lines Of Latitude

    Figure 1.4 Noted Lines of Latitude

    The equator is the largest circle of latitude on Earth. The equator divides the earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres and is called 0 degrees latitude. The other lines of latitude are numbered from 0 to 90 degrees going toward each of the poles. The lines north of the equator toward the North Pole are north latitude, and each of the numbers is followed by the letter N. The lines south of the equator toward the South Pole are south latitude, and each of the numbers is followed by the letter S. The equator is the only line of latitude without any letter following the number. Notice that all lines of latitude are parallel to the equator and that the North Pole equals 90 degrees N and the South Pole equals 90 degrees S. Noted parallels include both the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, which are 23.5 degrees from the equator. At 66.5 degrees from the equator are the Arctic Circle and the Antarctic Circle near the North and South Pole, respectively.

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    Exam Focus Geography For Wassce Ssce & Utme


    Exam Focus is a revision series that covers every aspect of the West African Senior School Certificate Examination and Senior School Certificate Examination syllabuses. Apart from placing much emphasis on the technicalities of answering questions at examinations, candidates are taken through a lot of examples, exposed to many model questions and answers and given enough exercises.

    Exam Focus Geography treats map reading and interpretation, statistical mapping and presentation of statistics, land surveying, geographical information systems , elements of practical and physical geography and world human geography, regional geography of Nigeria, West Africa and Africa in great detail.

    The writers are seasoned educators, experienced teachers and examiners in the subject. The book, therefore, is an invaluable asset to students who want to excel in the examinations.

    Figure 11 Population 2016 And 2011 Censuses

    SSLC | Focus Area | Geography

    This bar graph shows population for the 2011 and 2016 censuses.

    The Y axis shows population counts.

    The X axis shows 2011 and 2016.

    This table shows the population counts for the 2011 and 2016 censuses. The column headings are: years and population counts. The rows are: the census years 2011 and 2016 along with their corresponding values.

    Table 1.1 Population, 2016 and 2011 censuses Table summary


    This line graph shows population in the last 20 years, Halifax.

    The Y axis shows population counts.

    The X axis shows, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 and 2016.

    This table shows the population over the last 20 years. The column headings are: years and population counts. The rows are: the census years 1996 to 2016 along with their corresponding values.

    Table 1.2 Population in the last 20 years, Halifax Table summary


    This vertical bar graph shows population change in the last 20 years, Halifax.

    The Y axis shows population change .

    The X axis shows, 1996 to 2001, 2001 to 2006, 2006 to 2011 and 2011 to 2016.

    This table shows the population change over the last 20 years. The column headings are: years and percentage change. The rows are: intercensal periods from 1996 to 2016 along with their corresponding values.

    Table 1.3 Population change in the last 20 years, Halifax Table summary

    2011 to 2016 3.3

    This horizontal bar graph shows population change for census metropolitan areas, 2006 to 2011 and 2011 to 2016.

    The X axis shows population change .

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    Focus On Geography Series 2011 Census

    Focusing on a selected geographic area, this product presents data highlights for each of the major releases of the 2011 Census. These data highlights are presented through text, tables and figures. A map image of the geographic area is also included in the product.

    Access key census results for these geographic levels:

    Why Physical Geography Is Important

    Knowing about the physical geography of Earth is important for every serious student studying the planet because the natural processes of Earth affect the distribution of resources and the conditions of the human settlement. Anyone studying processes involving Earth and its processes is working within the confines of its physical geography. These natural processes have resulted in a plethora of varied effects on human populations throughout the millennia.

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    The Four Traditions Of Geography

    There are some other ways to conceptualize the field of geography. Parkinson suggested that geography has four traditions: The Earth Science Tradition, Culture-Environment Tradition, Locational Tradition, and Area Analysis Tradition. Geographic techniques support these traditions. The chart below shows how selected subdisciplines fit within these four traditions.

    What Is Human Geography

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    Defining human geography is especially difficult because of complicating factors like the relationship between human geography and geography the rather late professionalization of the discipline variations in human geography written in different languages and the difficulty of being able to identify definitive research questions, sequential paradigms, or key thinkers. It is tempting to define a common ground for human geography’s intellectual core , and wish to enforce this. Such a common ground might provide human geography with a sense of unity. But the reality of how human geography is practiced simply cannot sustain this. As David Livingstone so powerfully put it in The Geographical Tradition , The idea that there is some eternal metaphysical core to geography independent of historical circumstances will simply have to go.

    Table 1. Contents of Progress in Human Geography, 19782007 numbers of articles by subdisciplinary themea


    C. Gibson, G. Waitt, in, 2009

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    A Short Definition For Human Geography

    The study of the interrelationships between people, place, and environment, and how these vary spatially and temporally across and between locations. Whereas physical geography concentrates on spatial and environmental processes that shape the natural world and tends to draw on the natural and physical sciences for its scientific underpinnings and methods of investigation, human geography concentrates on the spatial organization and processes shaping the lives and activities of people, and their interactions with places and nature. Human geography is more allied with the social sciences and humanities, sharing their philosophical approaches and methods .

    With respect to methods, human geography uses the full sweep of quantitative and qualitative methods from across the social sciences and humanities, mindful of using them to provide a thorough geographic analysis. It also places emphasis on fieldwork and mapping , and has made a number of contributions to developing new methods and techniques, notably in the areas of spatial analysis, spatial statistics, and GIScience.

    Castree, N., Kitchin, R., & Rogers, A. . “Human geography.” In A Dictionary of Human Geography. : Oxford University Press. Retrieved 14 Mar. 2017

    Iris Operates Provides And Maintains Geoscience Instrumentation

    IRIS facilitates seismological and geophysical research by operating and maintaining open geophysical networks and providing portable instrumentation for user-driven experiments.

    Instrumentation support includes engineering services, training, logistics, and best practices in equipment usage.

    All data collected with IRIS instrumentation are made freely and openly available.

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