Plant And Animal Life
Outside the desert areas, the vegetation of Morocco resembles that of the Iberian Peninsula. Extensive forests are still found in the more humid mountainous areas, with cork oak, evergreen oak, and deciduous oak on the lower slopes and fir and cedar at higher elevations, particularly in the Middle Atlas. In drier mountain areas open forests of thuja, juniper, and Aleppo and maritime pine are common. East of Rabat is the extensive cork oak Mamora Forest. Eucalyptus, originally from Australia, was introduced by French authorities during the colonial period for reforestation. Since independence, the Moroccan government has established several large plantations of this tree surrounding the Mamora Forest. In the rugged highlands south of Essaouira, vast open forests of argan are found. Unique to southwestern Morocco, this tree has a hard fruit that produces a prized cooking oil.
Large game has been progressively eliminated in Morocco since Roman times, when lions and elephants were still abundant. Both have long since disappeared. Gazelles are still seen occasionally in the south, as are mouflons and fennecs in the Atlas region. With government protection, the Barbary macaque now flourishes in the forests of the Middle Atlas. However, the richest fauna in Morocco today is the bird life. Large migratory birds that sojourn in Morocco include the stork, which picturesquely builds its nests on city ramparts and mosque rooftops, and the flamingo, pelican, and cattle egret.
Geography And Climate Of Morocco
Morocco is geographically located in Northern Africa along the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Algeria and Western Sahara. It also still shares borders with two enclaves that are considered a part of SpainCeuta and Melilla. The topography of Morocco varies as its northern coast and interior regions are mountainous, while its coast features fertile plains where much of the country’s agriculture takes place. There are also valleys interspersed between Morocco’s mountainous areas. The highest point in Morocco is Jebel Toubkal, which rises to 13,665 feet , while its lowest point is Sebkha Tah at -193 feet below sea level.
The climate of Morocco, like its topography, also varies with location. Along the coast, it is Mediterranean with warm, dry summers and mild winters. Farther inland, the climate is more extreme and the closer one gets to the Sahara Desert, the hotter and more extreme it gets. For example, Morocco’s capital of Rabat is located on the coast and it has an average January low temperature of 46 degrees and an average July high temperature of 82 degrees . By contrast, Marrakesh, which is located farther inland, has an average July high temperature of 98 degrees and a January average low of 43 degrees .
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Sustainability Issues In Morocco
At Adventure Alternative we promote sustainable tourism. This means that we advise against using disposable plastic water bottles. Treat water with a bag filter, iodine, or a SteriPen instead. Also, avoid using plastic bags by bringing your own cloth bag for shopping. Limit the use of toilet paper by using a Shewee or a pee rag for number 1 bathroom trips in rural areas. Dont litter, and always dispose of your waste in proper containers.
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Languages In Moroccomorocco Facts
Moroccan Arabic is the main working language in Morocco, the official languages are Arabic and Berber.
Tamazight, Tarifit and Tashehit are the most widely used Berber languages. Standard Arabic and French is taught as first foreign language in schools.
The Arabic spoken in Morocco is a Moroccan Arabic that is slightly different to the Standard Arabic. However, French and Standard Arabic are spoken by many people in Morocco.
English can be understood and spoken mainly by young people who learn the language in school or privately.
Morocco Magnificent Land Of Contrasts
To know a land requires one to understand the nuances within it: how natives interact with their locale, how natives interact with one another, and how natives interact with outsiders. These three facets of interaction shape an environment by shaping individual perceptions of their own position within their land.
Insiders those who have lived, learned, and worked within a specific locale for an extended period of time are naturally privy to the nuances of these interactions. They have the ability to interact in the local dialect and have the obligation to uphold certain social norms and standards within that locale.
However, outsiders those who are either visiting a place and/or merely living in that space for a temporary time period and have a specific raison dêtre for being there are not privy to the full extent of the specificities of an environment. Colloquialisms, common understandings of interactions, and unspoken cultural expectations can only be learned in extended periods of time which outsiders do not have the benefit of.
Morocco brims with contrasts
The architectural contrasts are diverse in the country. The old medinas with the walls and the daunting Kasbahs overlooking the ocean are a contrast to the French-European-inspired city of Casablanca and the plush streets in Rabat.
On the issue of diversity, RootsRated writes in Come to the Sahara:
Morocco is a land of contrasts and startling diversity
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Forest And Arable Land
111,325 km² of Morocco’s territory is covered in forests, and forest land comprises 25% of all the land in the country. There are 84,797 km² of arable land in Morocco, and it comprises 19% of the country’s total territory.
Read our section on climate to discover what parameters affect these and other biomes of the country.
Plant Life In Morocco
The vegetation in the northwest composed most of the vast steppe and forest with Mediterranean vegetation, cork oak, holm, maquiskratt, with Aleppo pine and cedar in the mountains. Upper tree line is approx. 3100 masl Southeast of the mountains is pure desert vegetation. the worm species Artemisia herba-alba and the densely tufted species Fredolia aretioides, remotely reminiscent of a large, gray-green rock. At the far south are scattered populations of the endemic tree argantre, which has fruits used for feed and for the preparation of cooking oil.
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Morocco Map A Detailed Map Of The Country Of Morocco
Morocco officially referred to as the Kingdom of Morocco is a country located in North Africa with a population of nearly 34 million. Morocco has a coast on the Atlantic Ocean that reaches past the Strait of Gibraltar into the Mediterranean Sea. Morocco is a country in North Africa with a population of over 34 million. The Kingdom of Morocco is a country located in North Africa on the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts sharing international borders with Algeria, Mauritania, and Spain via the Strait of Gibraltar and the Spanish autonomous cities of Ceuta and Meilliain. Morocco is a country full of exotic locales and wondrous treasures for travelers who desire to see North Africa and explore a moderate Muslim country with a welcoming culture, a wide array of natural beauty, and a vast wealth of history. Few countries match the Destination of Morocco. With its iconic monuments, UNESCO Heritage Sites, Majestic Gardens High Atlas Mountains, Coastal regions and the grand Sahara Desert.
For more information and to view a Morocco Map
Water Supply And Sanitation
Water supply and sanitation in Morocco is provided by a wide array of utilities. They range from private companies in the largest city, Casablanca, the capital, Rabat,and two other cities, to public municipal utilities in 13 other cities, as well as a national electricity and water company . The latter is in charge of bulk water supply to the aforementioned utilities, water distribution in about 500 small towns, as well as sewerage and wastewater treatment in 60 of these towns.
There have been substantial improvements in access to water supply, and to a lesser extent to sanitation, over the past fifteen years. Remaining challenges include a low level of wastewater treatment , lack of house connections in the poorest urban neighbourhoods, and limited sustainability of rural systems . In 2005 a National Sanitation Program was approved that aims at treating 60% of collected wastewater and connecting 80% of urban households to sewers by 2020. The issue of lack of water connections for some of the urban poor is being addressed as part of the National Human Development Initiative, under which residents of informal settlements have received land titles and have fees waived that are normally paid to utilities in order to connect to the water and sewer network.
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An Endangered But Protected Wildlife
Even if hunting, droughts and culture have put it at risk, Morocco’s wildlife has remained extremely rich, still counting within its ranks some exceptional species, like the barbary stag, the desert hedgehog, the camel and, less friendly, the North African cobra. Fortunately, and you will realise this during your discovery of the country, Morocco has created reserves and natural zones to protect these animals.
Berber Empires And Dynasties
From the 11th century onwards, a series of Berber dynasties arose. Under the SanhajaAlmoravid dynasty and the MasmudaAlmohad dynasty, Morocco dominated the Maghreb, al-Andalus in Iberia, and the western Mediterranean region. From the 13th century onwards the country saw a massive migration of the Banu Hilal Arab tribes. In the 13th and 14th centuries the held power in Morocco and strove to replicate the successes of the Almohads through military campaigns in Algeria and Spain. They were followed by the Wattasids. In the 15th century, the Reconquista ended Muslim rule in Iberia and many Muslims and Jews fled to Morocco.
Portuguese efforts to control the Atlantic sea trade in the 15th century did not greatly affect the interior of Morocco even though they managed to control some possessions on the Moroccan coast but not venturing further afield inland.
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Food And Drink Of Morocco
It is common for food to be eaten with your hand from a communal tagine or dish. You may therefore be offered a bowl to wash your hands in before eating. In this situation you just hold your hands over the bowl and the host will pour water over them to allow you to wash. There is a technique to mashing and scooping up the food with a small piece of bread, just copy the locals or ask them to teach you, it can be good fun.
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Moroccan Concept Of Time
One thing that sometimes takes a bit of getting used to is the local Moroccan interpretation of time. In common with many places in Africa, it is not considered unusual for things to run on a fairly relaxed schedule. For example, it is not unusual for a breakfast set for 8am to arrive at 8:30am or even later. In the UK and a lot of other western countries it is considered rude or unprofessional to be anything more than a few minutes late, lateness does not imply this connotation in Morocco. Therefore, it is necessary to be patient and try not to be offended if timings start to slip a bit.
Regions Of Morocco Map
Morocco has 12 administrative divisions called regions. Of these, the Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab region lies entirely in the disputed territory of Western Sahara. Two regions, the Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra and the Guelmim-Oued Noun are located partially in Western Sahara. The 11 regions of Morocco with the exception of the one completely in Western Sahara are Beni Mellal-Khenifra, Casablanca-Settat, Draa-Tafilalet, Fes-Meknes, Guelmim-Oued Noun, Laayoune-Sakia al Hamra, Oriental, Marrakech-Safi, Rabat-Sale-Kenitra, Souss-Massa, and Tanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima.
The regions are subdivided into 75 prefectures and provinces.
Casablanca, the capital city of Morocco, is located in the Casablanca-Settat Region.
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How To Greet People In Morocco
The usual verbal greeting would be “Salam oo-alley koom” or just “Salam” and in most cases a handshake. The normal reply would be “Oo-alley koom salam”. Sometimes people will touch their ear or kiss their hand directly after shaking your hand, as a mark of particular respect or affection. A lot of Moroccans, especially those who regularly deal with tourists will simple say “hello”, “bonjour” etc based on their assessment of where they think you are from! When meeting a female Moroccan they may offer their hand for you to shake, if not then a slow bowing of the head will be appropriate. Moroccans who are good friends are likely to kiss each cheek and may have a more lingering handshake, they may also stand with a hand on each others shoulder or hold hands.
Day Morocoo Package Includes
Day One – Arrive in Morocco
Daytime: Flight and transfer to accommodation with guide and exploration of local area
Evening: Free time to settle in, evening meal
Day Two – Marrakech Discovery Day
Your guide will accompany you for a day in Marrakech investigating urban issues including sustainability, redevelopment, resource management, transport and economic development. Consider how youthful, dynamic and aspiring Moroccans in this rapidly developing city in an LEDC live alongside more traditional Islamic culture. In the evening you may choose to return to the Square and spend time watching the local entertainers, where snake charmers and acrobats, fortune tellers and dancers vie for your attention, and visit the spectacular food stalls which make the atmosphere unforgettable on your school trip to Morocco.
Day Three – High Atlas Mountains Discovery Day
Your transport will take you to the High Atlas village of Imlil. Stops can be made en route to view some of the hot desert environmental issues which affect a rapidly developing city in Morocco, such as ecosystems, plant and animal adaptations, development opportunities and challenges, tourism and water management.
Day Four – Imlil Fieldwork Day
Day Five – Arrive in the UK
Morning & afternoon: Free time in Marrakech. Transfer to airport for return flight to UK
- Impacts of tourism on economic development
- Urban change and regeneration
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Foundation And Early Islamic Era
The Muslim conquest of the Maghreb, which started in the middle of the 7th century, was achieved by the Umayyad Caliphate early into the following century. It brought both the Arabic language and Islam to the area. Although part of the larger Islamic Empire, Morocco was initially organized as a subsidiary province of Ifriqiya, with the local governors appointed by the Muslim governor in Kairouan.
The indigenous Berber tribes adopted Islam, but retained their customary laws. They also paid taxes and tribute to the new Muslim administration. The first independent Muslim state in the area of modern Morocco was the Kingdom of Nekor, an emirate in the Rif Mountains. It was founded by Salih I ibn Mansur in 710, as a client state to the Umayyad Caliphate. After the outbreak of the Berber Revolt in 739, the Berbers formed other independent states such as the Miknasa of Sijilmasa and the Barghawata.
Morocco A Wonderland Of Landscapes
At the crossroads of Europe and Africa, surrounded by Mediterranean waters and opening onto the vastness of the Atlantic ocean, Morocco is a wonderland for nature lovers.
It is the “land of the distant sunset”, a destination rich in contrasts, with a two thousand year-old history, that will stimulate your curiosity. In these lands where several dynasties succeeded one another, youâll discover remains of the greatest Mediterranean civilizations. In the north of the country, the Roman ruins of Volubilis stand.
In Rabat, pieces of architecture are evidence of the ancient French presence. Everywhere else, there are several treasures tracing the Muslim civilizations : the Kasbah of the Oudayas, the green expanses of the Menara gardens.
Between sea and mountains, desert sands and green plains, eye-popping panoramas are displayed to shower you with tranquility and natural beauty enchanting vivid pictures with the richness of a brawling culture transport you into a most raw nature.
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