Parallels Or Lines Of Latitude
Figure 1.4 Noted Lines of Latitude
The equator is the largest circle of latitude on Earth. The equator divides the earth into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres and is called 0 degrees latitude. The other lines of latitude are numbered from 0 to 90 degrees going toward each of the poles. The lines north of the equator toward the North Pole are north latitude, and each of the numbers is followed by the letter N. The lines south of the equator toward the South Pole are south latitude, and each of the numbers is followed by the letter S. The equator is the only line of latitude without any letter following the number. Notice that all lines of latitude are parallel to the equator and that the North Pole equals 90 degrees N and the South Pole equals 90 degrees S. Noted parallels include both the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn, which are 23.5 degrees from the equator. At 66.5 degrees from the equator are the Arctic Circle and the Antarctic Circle near the North and South Pole, respectively.
What Is Geography Branches Of Geography And Scope Of Geography
Meridians Or Lines Of Longitude
The prime meridian sits at 0 degrees longitude and divides the earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. The prime meridian is defined as an imaginary line that runs through the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England, a suburb of London. The Eastern Hemisphere includes the continents of Europe, Asia, and Australia, while the Western Hemisphere includes North and South America. All meridians east of the prime meridian are numbered from 1 to 180 degrees east the lines west of the prime meridian are numbered from 1 to 180 degrees west . The 0 and 180 lines do not have a letter attached to them. The meridian at 180 degrees is called the International Date Line. The International Date Line is opposite the prime meridian and indicates the start of each day . Each day officially starts at 12:01 a.m., at the International Date Line. Do not confuse the International Date Line with the prime meridian . The actual International Date Line does not follow the 180-degree meridian exactly. A number of alterations have been made to the International Date Line to accommodate political agreements to include an island or country on one side of the line or another.
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What Are The Two Main Branches Of Geography
Geography is the study of the Earth that focuses on its land, physical features, and atmosphere, as well as human activities and how they are influenced by the Earth. Geography examines the nature and relative organization of physical places, locations and human societies throughout the globe. It is divided into two main branches: human geography and physical geography. Geography is considered a discipline that bridges the natural sciences and the social sciences .
In What Branches Is Geography Divided
According to the Oxford Languages dictionary, geography is the branch of science that studies and describes the surface of the Earth in its physical, current and natural aspect, or as a place inhabited by humanity. The classic definition of this term conceives the geographical study as the description and dating of the characteristics that make up the physical reality of an environment, but today geography encompasses much more.
There are different cultural and ideological approaches with which geography can be studied, just as the scale of research also affects its conception. In order not to get lost in complex terminology, we present the 12 types of geography categorized into two large blocks: the physical and the human focus. Let’s go there.
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What Is Basic Geography
Geography is the study of places and the relationships between people and their environments. Geographers explore both the physical properties of Earths surface and the human societies spread across it. Geography seeks to understand where things are found why they are there and how they develop and change over time.
What Does Geography Study
Geographical studies are as divergent as reflected by its numerous definitions. This divergent views stern from the focus of study thus, Peter Haggett defined geography as the study of the earth surface in the space within which human population lives. Ackerman stated that the fundamental approach to geography is the differentiation of the content of space on the earth surface and the analysis of the space relations within the same universe. According to Hartshorne , geography is concerned with providing accurate, orderly and rational description and interpretation of the variable character of the earth surface.
From all these definitions, it will be noted that two themes run through: these are spatial association and areal differentiation themes which seeks to answer questions such as: are there any relationships between phenomena in various locations, where and why things are located as they are and whether places are different in terms of phenomena present there.
The major topics addressed by geographers under both themes concern the relationships between man and his environment. Answers to these questions are often provided through the analysis of cause-effect relationship, probabilistic processes etc. Any method adopted to usually depends on the values or objectives the investigator hopes to achieve, and it is the method adopted in answering the above questions that qualifies geography under any of the sciences.
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What Are The Branches Of Geography
The work Geography has been derived from geographia, which means description of the earth. The science of Geography is related to the study of earth, its phenomena, its features, inhabitants, lands and processes. The field encompasses the understanding of earth, along with a wide range of natural and human complexities. Geography is a vast field of study that has kept millions of researchers busy in dozens of branches and sub-disciplines. Almost every subject on this earth has a branch of Geography related to it. Essentially, Geography has been divided into two broad branches, which are Physical Geography and Human Geography. With an aim to acquaint you with the diversity of geographical branches, this oneHOWTO article is going to discuss what are the branches of Geography? We’ll also give you a few details about each of them.
Geography Of The Population
This discipline consists of the integral study of human geography, in charge of studying the different aspects of human populations such as their composition, distribution, growth and migratory movements, focusing on a dynamic human phenomenon.
The geography of the population was born in the fifties and was influenced by the population problems of the postwar period of that time although this branch is often confused with demography, they really are not the same.
Both disciplines share methods and content, but the geography of the population studies the spatial structures of demographic phenomena and their variation over time, while demography studies the structure in a statistical way.
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Types And Branches Of Geography
Geography as a science has a very broad field of study, so it is necessary to divide it into different types such as physical, biological, human, astronomical and mathematical.
Each of them has major subdivisions and related sciences, hence its interdisciplinary nature, crossing the traditional boundaries between various disciplines in order to achieve their study objectives.
The Earth And Graticule Location
When identifying a region or location on the earth, the first step is to understand its relative and absolute locations. Relative location is the location on the earths surface with reference to other places, taking into consideration features such as transportation access or terrain. Relative location helps one compare the advantages of one location with those of another. Absolute location, on the other hand, refers to an exact point on the earths surface without regard to how that point is related to any other place. Absolute location is vital to the cartographic process and to human activities that require an agreed-upon method of identifying a place or point.
Just as you were taught in geometry that there are 360 degrees in a circle or a sphere, the earth also has 360 degrees, and they are measured using a grid pattern called the graticule. Lines of latitude and longitude allow any absolute location on the earth to have an identifiable address of degrees north or south and east or west, which allows geographers to accurately locate, measure, and study spatial activity.
Figure 1.3 Basic Lines of Longitude and Latitude
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Human Geography Explained With Its Branches
Alfred& nbspAjibola– 11th February, 2019 @ 08:01 AM
Topics in Geography
Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers
Earth’s distance from the sun is approximately _____ million kilometers.
Which of the following is not a branch of physical geography?
A. Economic Geography
Water resource geography is a branch under physiography.
With regards to ozone, which of the following is incorrect?
A. Ozone is a triatomic molecule
B. Ozone layer aids in preventing excess ultraviolet radiation from reaching the earth
C. Ozone is a natural greenhouses gas
D. Ozone comprises of oxygen molecules only
E. Ozone layer brings about a global warming on earth
F. Ozone is present in the stratosphere
The atmosphere makes the followings possible on earth except _____.
The interface forming a boundary between the stratosphere and mesosphere is termed _____.
Which layer of atmosphere is closest to the earth?
Argon makes up _____ percent of the atmosphere.
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Keeping Up With The Journal Literature
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Don’t own or use a mobile device? You can still use BrowZine! It’s now available in a web version. You can get to it here. The web version works the same way as the app version. Find the journals you like, create a custom Bookshelf, get ToCs and read the articles you want.
From The Nature Of Geography:
The ultimate purpose of geography, the study of areal differentiation of the world, is most clearly expressed in regional geography only by constantly maintaining its relation to regional geography can systematic geography hold to the purpose of geography and not disappear into other sciences. On the other hand, regional geography in itself is sterile without the continuous fertilization of generic concepts and principles from systematic geography, it could not advance to higher degrees of accuracy and certainty in interpretation or its findings.
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Which Is One Of The Sub Branch Of Economic Geography
The best-developed subdivisions of the economic geography of branches of the economy are industrial geography agricultural geography and transportation geography. The geography of social services recreational geography and natural resources geography are currently emerging as well-defined subdivisions.
Do You Know About The Five Main Branches Of Human Geography
Human geography is all about human activities and the role that humans play in this world. It involves understanding the human populations background. This discipline also covers how humans live on the earth and organize themselves in a particular region that they inhabit. Human geography has many sub-disciplines. But for now, in this blog, we will discuss the five main branches of human geography. Following are the human geography branches that you need to know:
- Cultural geography
- Historical geography
A Move Toward Regional Science
In the 1950s the regional science movement arose, led by Walter Isard to provide a more quantitative and analytical base to geographical questions, in contrast to the more qualitative tendencies of traditional geography programs. Regional Science comprises the body of knowledge in which the spatial dimension plays a fundamental role, such as regional economics, resource management, location theory, urban and regional planning, transportation and communication, human geography, population distribution and environmental quality.
What Are The Branches Of Geography Based On Regional Approach
Answer: Branches of geography based on regional approach:
- Regional Studies/Area Studies: It comprises of Macro Meso and Micro regional studies.
- Regional Planning: It comprises of country/rural and town/urban planning.
- Regional Development: It deals with the developmental issues of region.
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A Short Definition For Human Geography
The study of the interrelationships between people, place, and environment, and how these vary spatially and temporally across and between locations. Whereas physical geography concentrates on spatial and environmental processes that shape the natural world and tends to draw on the natural and physical sciences for its scientific underpinnings and methods of investigation, human geography concentrates on the spatial organization and processes shaping the lives and activities of people, and their interactions with places and nature. Human geography is more allied with the social sciences and humanities, sharing their philosophical approaches and methods .
With respect to methods, human geography uses the full sweep of quantitative and qualitative methods from across the social sciences and humanities, mindful of using them to provide a thorough geographic analysis. It also places emphasis on fieldwork and mapping , and has made a number of contributions to developing new methods and techniques, notably in the areas of spatial analysis, spatial statistics, and GIScience.
Scope And Subject Matter Of Geography
Geography is concerned with the patterns of phenomena and the processes that created them. Therefore, there is no special or specific subject matter which it studies, but rather its subject matter is the Earth, described and explained using the spatial perspective. History is somewhat similar to geography because its subject matter is Earth in the historical perspective. Geography is often described as two parts which makes up a whole: that is, geography is dichotomizedinto two types.
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